|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008)|
Farnley village (also known as New Farnley) is a district in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3.2 km) south-west of Leeds city centre, between Wortley, Bramley and surrounding countryside, in the LS12 Leeds postcode area. The village was mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book as Fernelei. New Farnley is a nearby commuter village.
Farnley started as a small agricultural village, dating back to Medieval times when it was known as Fernelei and was the Kings’s Land (Ilbert de Lacy). The original Farnley village started around Cross Lane which serviced Farnley Hall (on Hall Lane) and the Farnley Manor House (at the junction of Hall Lane to Chapel Lane). The Manor and Estates of Farnley were held in 1086 by Swain Fitz Alric and then a number of his descendants until it passed by marriage to Sir James Danby in 1497. The Danbys held it for about 300 years before it was bought by James Armitage. Farnley was surrounded by the villages of Bawn, Upper Moor Side and Low Moor Side. Farnley was heavily wooded until the 19th century, and Farnley Wood was the meeting point for a would-be rebellion against Charles II in 1663 which was known as the Farnley Wood Plot (believed to have taken place in Sykes wood, at the bottom of Green Lane). Although the rebellion failed from lack of support, 21 participants were hanged, drawn and quartered after being betrayed. The people of Farnley would have worked in the many mills surrounding the area including the Butterbowl Mill and the three mills situated in Post Hill (including Union Bridge Mill and the Woolen Mills of Farnley and Upper Mill).
New Farnley did not exist as a village until the early part of the 19th century when Edward Armitage started the Farnley Iron Works and Farnley Fireclay. He needed many workers so built houses for them, so what had been known as part of Farnley now became New Farnley. With the increase of the urban sprawl of the industrial revolution of the 19th century, Low Moor Side emerged into New Farnley and the Bawn into Farnley. The close proximity of these two settlements means the area has been referred to as New Farnley for some time with Old Farnley referring to the area around Hall Lane and Cross Lane.
The original Farnley Village now contains a hair salon, a newsagent, a mini-mart. Farnley has several area schools, Cobden Primary School, Lawns Park Primary School and The Farnley Academy. Farnley has a lower set of shops, consisting of a pizza takeaway, a newsagent, a mini-mart, a butcher and Cow Close library. Old Farnley is the western terminus for First Leeds Bus Routes 5 and 42. It is likely that past bus operators in Leeds coined the name Old Farnley to avoid confusion with Farsley, another nearby area of Leeds.
In 1904, Farnley Civil Parish was abolished to create the Armley and Bramley Civil Parish. The civil parish had included slightly more than the area between the ring road, Wood Lane, Back Lane, Tong Road and Park Spring; in particular it included New Farnley. The population of the civil parish was 4,351 in 1901 and 4,208 in 1911.
New Farnley is a commuter village in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, 3 1⁄2 miles (5.6 km) south west of Leeds city centre, on the A58 Leeds-Halifax main road. New Farnley lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) south west of Farnley and was part of the Farnley Civil Parish.
It is focused on two historic settlements, Upper Moor Side and the modern focus of New Farnley Village, both of which had nucleated settlements recognisable in early estate maps. There are still late 17th and early 18th-century buildings standing in both locations. It was part of the ancient manor of Farnley, ownership of which was split and held by families including the Harringtons, Nevilles, Brudenells, Danbys and finally, the Armitages.
The discovery of a 3rd-century coin may point to Roman activity in the area. A field of Harper Farm has the name 'Castle Hill', leading to a local tradition (which appears to have originated with an estate manager of Farnley Hall) that it was the site of a Roman marching camp. The field name first appears in early modern estate maps. There are also Saxon field names in the village and remains of medieval ridge and furrow. Other evidence of medieval activity may be the place-name Snittels Farm, a possible corruption of spital, indicating the location of a medieval (leper?) hospital. However, there is no archaeological or documentary evidence to support this.
There was industrial development of the significant natural resources in the area from the early modern period (if not earlier). This industry led to the rapid expansion of settlement with the construction of workers housing in the 19th century. Despite this industrial activity a number of farms are still working in the area.
As the population increased, St James's church and the Lancasterian School were built, both of which originally served as chapels of ease. There was also a Methodist chapel . Alms houses were built in the 19th century along with a village school. Local amenities included a recreation ground. There were a number of shops including The Village Chippy and Cooperative with grocers, butchers and drapers.
New Farnley now has a village co op, Village Chippy which is over 120 years old and said to be haunted, also doctors, pub, barber's, beauty salon, post office, Cobden Primary and Lawns Park Primary Schools, The Farnley Academy, and two churches. The centrally-located community centre is run and owned by the residents of the community on a voluntary basis. It is a hub for the activities of the village, is home to a local Mums and Tots group, and hosts several community nights, e.g. Halloween, Christmas etc.
Farnley is represented in Rugby League via the Farnley Falcons amateur club. The Falcons currently play in Pennine League Division 5, and also run a reserve side, playing in Pennine League Division 7. They also compete in the Yorkshire Cup and various regional cup competitions. They're based at the Farnley Sports & Social Club (locally known as 'The Nest'), and play their home games on the pitches close by. Other sports played out of Farnley Sports and Social are Farnley Sports Fc who play on Saturdays - they are league 2 division champions and were promoted from division 1 to senior b in there 1st season . They play in the Yorkshire Amateur League, they are also currently in the process of setting up a reserve side. West Leeds Wortley also play from here as a Sunday football team. Also based at Farnley Cricket Club are,'Wortley Ladies Women's Football Teams',a First Team and a Reserve Team,the Reserves were 3rd Division Champions 2012/13,and the First Team are top of the 1st Division 2013/14,pushing to be the first Ladies Team,from this area Farnley/Wortley, to be promoted to the Premiership.
- There is another Farnley Hall in North Yorkshire.
- Farnley Ch/CP Yorkshire through time | Administrative history of Parish-level Unit: hierarchies, boundaries