Farooqi

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'Farooqui (Arabic: فاروقي ‎) (also spelt as Farooqui",'Faruqui,Farooki,Farook,Faroqui, Farooqi, Faruki, Farouki or Faruqi), is a distinct name or surname or last name.

Origin[edit]

The name purportedly signifies ancestry from Umar ibn al-Khattāb (Arabic: عمر ابن الخطاب‎), the second Caliph of Islam. Umar was also titled 'al-Farooq' (the Redeemer). Today Farooqies are a multilingual Muslim community spread across Turkey', Romania, Middle East' and parts of Europe.

Farooqies in South Asia[edit]

Coat of Arms adopted under Nizam rule

The travel of Adham to Balkh[edit]

Adham, the father of Ibrahim Bin Adham and the great grandson of Umar ibn al-Khattāb, was a great travel as narrated in the papers read in the conference on "Balad As-Shaam". He travelled all the way up to Balkh where he married the only daughter of the King, and his son Ibrahim became the King of Balkh.

The reign of Farrukh Shah Kabuli[edit]

When Ibrahim Bin Adham abdicated the throne, and adopted the life of a darweesh, his children settled in modern day Afghanistan where his great grandson Farrukh Shah Kabuli, became the ruler of Kabul and Ghazni.

The attack of Hulagu Khan and displacement to Punjab[edit]

Farrukh Shah Kabuli's grandson died fighting Hulagu Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan. The family got uprooted and most moved to the area which is now the modern day Punjab.

The preaching of Baba Fareed and move to North India[edit]

In Punjab, one of the great grandsons Baba Farid made a name as a Sufi Saint and also travelled to Dehli

Spread to South India[edit]

In the later days of the Moghul Empire, it had crippled and a general named Asif Jah decided to move South with his friends and form his own kingdom named State of Hyderabad. Among his friends and soldiers included Farooqies who became preachers and judges. Some took their family title "Qazi" as their family name.

The name "Farooqi" or "Farooqui" reappeared from time to time as the Nizam family grew too large, as Farooqui was more or less of a title of reference (to Umar ibn al-Khattāb) rather than a Family name until the mid 19th century. They're official residence was Chowmahalla Palace. It later grew to Falaknuma Palace, Bashir Bagh Palace, etc., under the Jah title.

Spread to lower Punjab[edit]

Khawja abu-alfateh Daood Farooqui Qadiri, grandfather of Mai Safoora, migrated from Levant area to Afghanistan as merchant and later settled in riyasat of Jhang which was under the control of Nawab muzafar khan, governor of riyasat appointed by Ahmed Shah Abdali.

Major Farooqi Clans in Sub-Continent[edit]

Fareeedies[edit]

They are the descendants of Hazrat Baba Farid the Sufi saint of Pakpattan, in Punjab. Famous Fareedies include the present-day keepers/guardians of Hazrat Farid's shrine, the family of another saint Hazrat Taj Sarwar Chishti at Chishtian, also in Punjab, and also a well-known industrialist family, the Deewan group, who are a collateral branch.

Mujaddadi[edit]

These are the descendants of Shaikh Ahmed Sarhindi aka Mujaddid Alf Thani. Mujaddadies settled as far as Afghanistan. The most famous Mujjadies were Ibrahim Mujaddadi aka Mulla Shore Bazar, and his son Sibghatullah Mujaddadi, the former president of Afghanistan.

The Farooqi Dynasty[edit]

Farooqi Dynasty was formed by Abdul Malik Ahmad, the son of minister Khan-i-Jahan Farooqi of Delhi Sultanate. He became a general under Feroz Shah Tugluq and then founded Khandesh (Land of Khan) to become an independent ruler. Khandesh later became a province of Moghul Empire under Akbar.

Qazies of Deccan[edit]

After the establishment of State of Hyderabad, many Farooqies took up the job of judges, ombudsmen, and other law professions. As per the caste systems which recognized families by profession instead of ancestry, their family name became Qazi, along with Syyeds and Siddiquies etc. However these families continued to identify themselves are Farooqies, Siddiquies and Syyeds.

Farooqies in Saudi Arabia[edit]

In Saudi Arabia, the children of Umar ibn al-Khattāb are known as El-Umari or Al-Omery. However the Farooqies of sub-continent, who went back to Saudi Arabia retained the family name Al-Farooqi or Al-Farouki.

Farouki Clans in Palestine[edit]

The Farouki family has a history of over seven hundred years in Palestine. The Farouki family were living mostly in Ramlah(eh). They were large land-owners and citrus-growers, but they left the country after the Israeli occupation in 1948. The El Khairi-Farouki family and Taji-Farouki family are from the same ancestry and origins. They have different surnames because of the two brothers, Taj al-Din al-Ramli and Khayr al-Din al-Ramli. Following the 1948 occupation of most of mandatory Palestine, many members of the family were compelled to move to Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, The United States and other countries.

Farooqi clans in Iraq[edit]

Farooqi clans in Iraq are known as El-Umari or Al-Omari.


Notable Farooqis[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]