|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
'Farooqui (Arabic: فاروقي ) (also spelt as Farooqui",'Faruqui,Farooki,Farook,Faroqui, Farooqi, Faruki, Farouki or Faruqi), is a distinct name or surname or last name.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Farooqies in South Asia
- 2.1 The travel of Adham to Balkh
- 2.2 The reign of Farrukh Shah Kabuli
- 2.3 The attack of Hulagu Khan and displacement to Punjab
- 2.4 The preaching of Baba Fareed and move to North India
- 2.5 Spread to South India
- 2.6 Spread to lower Punjab
- 2.7 Major Farooqi Clans in Sub-Continent
- 3 Farooqies in Saudi Arabia
- 4 Farouki Clans in Palestine
- 5 Farooqi clans in Iraq
- 6 Notable Farooqis
- 7 See also
- 8 References
The name purportedly signifies ancestry from Umar ibn al-Khattāb (Arabic: عمر ابن الخطاب), the second Caliph of Islam. Umar was also titled 'al-Farooq' (the Redeemer). Today Farooqies are a multilingual Muslim community spread across Turkey', Romania, Middle East' and parts of Europe.
Farooqies in South Asia
The travel of Adham to Balkh
Adham, the father of Ibrahim Bin Adham and the great grandson of Umar ibn al-Khattāb, was a great travel as narrated in the papers read in the conference on "Balad As-Shaam". He travelled all the way up to Balkh where he married the only daughter of the King, and his son Ibrahim became the King of Balkh.
The reign of Farrukh Shah Kabuli
When Ibrahim Bin Adham abdicated the throne, and adopted the life of a darweesh, his children settled in modern day Afghanistan where his great grandson Farrukh Shah Kabuli, became the ruler of Kabul and Ghazni.
The attack of Hulagu Khan and displacement to Punjab
The preaching of Baba Fareed and move to North India
Spread to South India
In the later days of the Moghul Empire, it had crippled and a general named Asif Jah decided to move South with his friends and form his own kingdom named State of Hyderabad. Among his friends and soldiers included Farooqies who became preachers and judges. Some took their family title "Qazi" as their family name.
The name "Farooqi" or "Farooqui" reappeared from time to time as the Nizam family grew too large, as Farooqui was more or less of a title of reference (to Umar ibn al-Khattāb) rather than a Family name until the mid 19th century. They're official residence was Chowmahalla Palace. It later grew to Falaknuma Palace, Bashir Bagh Palace, etc., under the Jah title.
Spread to lower Punjab
Khawja abu-alfateh Daood Farooqui Qadiri, grandfather of Mai Safoora, migrated from Levant area to Afghanistan as merchant and later settled in riyasat of Jhang which was under the control of Nawab muzafar khan, governor of riyasat appointed by Ahmed Shah Abdali.
Major Farooqi Clans in Sub-Continent
They are the descendants of Baba Fareeed. Famous Fareedies include the famous industrialist Deewan Family.
These are the descendants of Shaikh Ahmed Sarhindi aka Mujaddid Alf Thani. Mujaddadies settled as far as Afghanistan. The most famous Mujjadies were Ibrahim Mujaddadi aka Mulla Shore Bazar, and his son Sibghatullah Mujaddadi, the former president of Afghanistan.
The Farooqi Dynasty
Farooqi Dynasty was formed by Abdul Malik Ahmad, the son of minister Khan-i-Jahan Farooqi of Delhi Sultanate. He became a general under Feroz Shah Tugluq and then founded Khandesh (Land of Khan) to become an independent ruler. Khandesh later became a province of Moghul Empire under Akbar.
Qazies of Deccan
After the establishment of State of Hyderabad, many Farooqies took up the job of judges, ombudsmen, and other law professions. As per the caste systems which recognized families by profession instead of ancestry, their family name became Qazi, along with Syyeds and Siddiquies etc. However these families continued to identify themselves are Farooqies, Siddiquies and Syyeds.
Farooqies in Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia, the children of Umar ibn al-Khattāb are known as El-Umari or Al-Omery. However the Farooqies of sub-continent, who went back to Saudi Arabia retained the family name Al-Farooqi or Al-Farouki.
Farouki Clans in Palestine
The Farouki family has a history of over seven hundred years in Palestine. The Farouki family were living mostly in Ramlah(eh). They were large land-owners and citrus-growers, but they left the country after the Israeli occupation in 1948. The El Khairi-Farouki family and Taji-Farouki family are from the same ancestry and origins. They have different surnames because of the two brothers, Taj al-Din al-Ramli and Khayr al-Din al-Ramli. Following the 1948 occupation of most of mandatory Palestine, many members of the family were compelled to move to Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, The United States and other countries.
Farooqi clans in Iraq
- Shamsur Rahman Faruqi (an eminent Urdu critic, poet and theorist)
- Amjad Farooqi
- Hazrat Mai Safoora Qadiriyya (a Sufi lady of Southern Punjab)
- Hazrat Mian Mir (a famous Sufi saint)
- Fariduddin Ganjshakar (a famous Sufi)
- Nisar Ahmed Faruqi (a well-known Islamic scholar)
- Mufti Baha-ud-din Farooqi (12th Chief Justice of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir)
- Musharraf Ali Farooqi (Canadian writer)
- Ahmad Sirhindi (Islamic scholar and Sufi saint)
- Ibrahim ibn Adham (a Sufi saint)
- Shad Saleem Faruqi (a Malaysian Emeritus Professor of Law)
- Sharmila Farooqi (Pakistani politician)
- Ismail al-Faruqi (Palestinian-American philosopher)
- Mubashar Ghafoor Farooqi (Software Engineer)
- Mahmood Ahmed Ghazi (A great scholar of 21st century)
- Faruqi dynasty