Farrukhabad district

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Farrukhabad district
फ़र्रुख़ाबाद ज़िला

فرّخ آباد ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Farrukhabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Farrukhabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Kanpur
Headquarters Fatehgarh
Tehsils 3
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Farrukhabad
Area
 • Total 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,577,239
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 72%
Major highways 3
Website Official website

Farrukhabad district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The town of Fatehgarh is the district headquarters. The district is part of Kanpur Division.

Farrukhabad is situated between Lat. 26° 46' N & 27° 43' N and Long. 79° 7' E & 80° 2' E. The district is bounded by Badaun and Shahjahanpur on the north, Hardoi District on the east, Kannauj District on the south, and Etah and Mainpuri districts on the west. The Ganges River and Ramganga River are located to the east and the Kali River to the south.

The district formerly included present day Kannauj District; it was divided into two districts on September 18, 1997. The district consists of three tehsils, Farrukhabad, Kaimganj and Amritpur. Amritpur tehsil was created from Rajepur Block after the district was split in 1997.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

The district lies on a plain, varied only by a few gentle undulations and slopes, some times abrupt, which lead down to the river valleys. The highest recorded elevation is 167 m above sea level at Mohammadabad and the lowest 145.69 m at Mau Rasulpur in the Trans Ganges flats of Tehsil Farrukhabad. The only marked variation of level is between the two divisions, the upland or bangar, which is a continuation of the doab and the low lands or Tarais, cut away from the upland by the erosive action of the rivers.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the district is characterised by a hot dry summer and a pleasant cold season.

Farrukhabad City[edit]

The headquarters of the District is located at Fatehgarh. The district with a total area of 2,28,830 hectares consists of three tehsils, seven Development Block, 511 Gram panchayats, 1010 villages, 13 police stations, two nagar palikas (Municipal Committees) and four nagar panchayats (Town Area committee) and one Cantonment Board. Farrukhabad City was founded by Nawab Mohammad Khan Bangash in 1714 who named it after the reigning Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Farrukhabad district has a population of 1,887,577,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho[2] or the US state of West Virginia.[3] This gives it a ranking of 250th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 865 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,240 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.2%.[1] Farrukhabad has a sex ratio of 874 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.57%.[1]

Places of interest[edit]

Fatehgarh Cantonment[edit]

Fatehgarh cantonment is situated near the Ganges river, it houses 3 regiments namely, Rajput Regiment, Sikh Light Infantry and Territorial Army. Fatehgarh is the headquarter of civil administration of the district, Farrukhabad. Maximum area in Fatehgarh is covered by the Cantonment.

Swargdwari[edit]

Swargdwari was the Capital town of Gaharwars (One of the five clans of Rathore) and was located in Kaimganj Tehsil of District Farrukhabad in Northern state Uttar Pradesh of India.

Kunwar Rai Singh was the last king of this city. He was better known by the name of Khorah in historical literature of 12th and 13th century AD. Kunwar Rai Singh was ruling in this territory before Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, as a governor of Badaun invaded him around 1212 AD. After this invasion name of this town was also changed to Shamsabad after the invader's name.

Kampil[edit]

Kampil is a small town situated about 45 km from Farrukhabad. It is a very important place from a historical and mythological point of view. It is believed to be the birthplace of the 13th tirthaiikar Brahlan Vimalnath. This is a Holy Land where the four Kalyanakas – chayavan, birth, diksa and omniscience – of Tirthankar 1008 Bhagawan Vimalnath ji, the thirteenth Tirthnakara took place.

It was also graced by the visit of Lord Mahavir. Two temples dedicated to the 13th Tirthankar one belonging to the Shwetambar Jains and other to the Digambar Jains are situated at this place. In the Digambar Jain temple a 60 centimetres high black coloured idol and in Swetambar temple 45 centimeters high white coloured idol both of Bhagawan Vimalnath in the Padmasana pose are installed. Apart from these, there are many old temples, which prove the historical & religious importance of Kampil.

During the epic period it was the capital of King Drupada, the father of Draupadi. The sacrificial altar (Yajna Kund) from which Draupadi is believed to have been born from the fire of knowledge, is situated in Kampil till date. Near the sacrificial altar, there's a structure, which is the hermitage of a sage Kampil, where he used to perform penance. As per mythology the temple of Rameshwarnath Mahadev, is attributed to Shatrughna brother of Rama. It is said that he had brought the idol (Lingam) of Shiva, which was worshiped by Sita, the wife of Rama in Ashok Vatika while she was held in captivity in Lanka and installed in this temple.

Sankisa[edit]

Sankisa is located about 47 km from Farrukhabad. It is believed to be the place where Buddha, came to preach people along with his followers. There is a big Asana made of pakki bricks. This Asana vas used by Buddha. People forgot the importance of the place. They made a very small temple. put some unidentifiable statues of stones and called it the temple of Bisari Devi. An excavated Ashokan elephant pillar is also present there. There is also colossal Shiva Linga here. In the respect of Holly Birthday of Lord Buddha a large fair is held at Sankisa in the month of Vaisakha (May) every year. Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Myanmar etc. have established big temples of Lord Buddha. This place has become very important to bauddha tourists.

Neebkarori[edit]

A small village near ancient Shankisa is noted for a sage named Lakshman Das. Baba Lakshman Das was spiritual saint in the 20th century. He is better known as Baba Neeb Karori.

Panchal Ghat[edit]

Built on the side of the Ganges and approximately 4 km from the main city. This is a place full of small temples, dwellings and shops. On every year in Indian month magh there a fair known as 'Ramnagriya'.

Pandaveshwar Mahadev[edit]

Built on the Railway Road, It was built by Pandavas during their Agyatwasa in Mahabharata Period

Farrukhabad Yuva Mahotsav[edit]

Farrukhabad Yuva Mahotsav was started since 2005 for the Youths.Miss Farrukhabad, Mr Farrkhabad,Miss Uttar Pradesh,Miss Pretty India Contests ( Beauty With Brain ) are organized in this Yuva Mahotsav every Year in the month of January.Sri Surendra Singh Somvanshi -Advocate(Convenor), Dr Sandeep Sharma ( chairman ),Srichandra Mishra (Organizing Secretary) are main members in Farrukhabad Yuva Mahotsav Samiti,FYM Samiti is Registered By The Government and MUPCA-Miss Uttar Pradesh Contest Association, MPICA-Miss Pretty India Contest Association, IYA-Indian Youth Army (Social Army -For Social Work)are the Wings Of Farrukhabad Yuva Mahotsav Samiti.

District administration[edit]

Currently, Shri N.K.S.Chauhan, I.A.S. is the District Magistrate. Shri Vijay Yadav, I.P.S, is the Superintendent of Police. Shri Rajendra Chaudhary, H.J.S, is the District Judge. Manoj Kumar Singhal, P.C.S, is the Additional District Magistrate. Mehmud Alam Ansari, P.C.S, is the City Magistrate.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Farrukhabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Agriculture[edit]

Farrukhabad is one of the biggest producers of potatoes and a significantly producer of wheat, watermelon, pulses, vegetables and oil seeds.[citation needed] The Ganges plays an important role in irrigation system of district. Most of the regions in district are capable of producing three crops per year and all with very high acreage yield. Kaimgaj tahseil is a noted producer of mangoes and guava.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lesotho 1,924,886" 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "West Virginia 1,852,994" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°30′N 79°30′E / 27.500°N 79.500°E / 27.500; 79.500