Farwana

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Farwana
Farwana is located in Mandatory Palestine
Farwana
Farwana
Arabic فرونه
Also spelled Khirbet Farwana, Rohob, Rehob, Tel Rehov
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°27′0″N 35°29′50″E / 32.45000°N 35.49722°E / 32.45000; 35.49722Coordinates: 32°27′0″N 35°29′50″E / 32.45000°N 35.49722°E / 32.45000; 35.49722
Population 330[1] (1945)
Area 4,996[1] dunams
Date of depopulation 11 May 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Rechov

Farwana (Arabic: فرونه‎) was a Palestinian village, located 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) south of Bisan, depopulated in 1948.

History[edit]

Identified with the ancient city of Rehov, extant during Egyptian rule over Canaan in the second millennium BCE, archaeological sites located on the former village's lands include Tell es-Sarem (i.e. Tel Rehov)[3] and the remains of a synagogue from the third century CE.[4]

Identification of Tel Rehov with the Rehob of the Egyptian texts was based on the preservation of the name at the nearby Islamic holy tomb of esh-Sheikh er-Rihab (1 kilometer to the south of the tel) and the existence of the ruins of a Byzantine era Jewish town of the same name (Rohob), 1 kilometer northwest of Tel Rehov, mentioned by Eusebius as being in the fourth mile from Bisan.[3] Khirbet Farwana (Khirbet meaning "site of ruins" in Arabic) is also associated with Rohob.[3]

At the time of the 1931 census, Farwana had 72 occupied houses and a population of 286 Muslims.[5]

1948 war and its aftermath[edit]

Farwana had a population of over 300 people when it was depopulated in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[4] Its Arab inhabitants, along with those of the neighbouring village of al-Ashrafiyya fled to Jordan with the approach of the pre-state Israeli forces of the Golani Brigade during Operation Gideon on 11 May 1948.[4][6] The following day, the more than 72 houses that made up the village were completely destroyed.[4] Farwana's inhabitants never returned to the village, and they and their descendants make up one small part of the current population of more than 4 million Palestinian refugees worldwide.

The Jewish localities of Rechov, Chawwat Eden, and Ein HaNatziv were established on the former lands of Farwana.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.43
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p xvii village #128. Also give cause for depopulation
  3. ^ a b c Amihai Mazar (1999). "The 1997-1998 Excavations at Tel Rehov: Preliminary Report". Israel Exploration Journal 49: 1–42. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Welcome to Farwana". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  5. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 78. 
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 227

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]