Fasci Italiani di Combattimento

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Italian Fasci of Combat
Historic Leader Benito Mussolini
Founded March 23, 1919
Dissolved November 9, 1921
Preceded by Fasci d'Azione Rivoluzionaria
Succeeded by National Fascist Party
Headquarters Milan, Italy
Newspaper Il Popolo d'Italia
Paramilitary wing Camicie Nere (CCNN)
Ideology Italian Fascism
Politics of Italy
Political parties
The platform of Fasci italiani di combattimento, as published in Il Popolo d'Italia

The Fasci Italiani di Combattimento (English: Italian Fasci of Combat) was an Italian fascio organization, created by Benito Mussolini in 1919. After World War I had ended, he reconstituted the Milan fascio, renaming it Fasci Italiani di Combattimento. In 1921, this fascio would be transformed into the Partito Nazionale Fascista, the National Fascist Party. Mussolini combined ideologies from a few different political parties. He started his political life as a socialist, eventually editor of the socialist magazine Avanti, but was expelled when he supported intervention in World War I. He then started a group called the Fascio di Combattimento (League of Combat), which at first didn't gain much popularity. In 1919, a three-party government was formed, leaning toward a democratic side of government (National Fascist Party).

In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles resulted in Italy obtaining Southern Tyrol, Trentino, Istria and Trieste from Austria. However, Italy also wanted Fiume and the region of Dalmatia on the Adriatic coast, hence they felt treated unfairly. In March 1919, Mussolini set up the Fasci di Combattimenti (the fighting group), which galvanised the support of the disgruntled, unemployed war veterans. The Arditi, (The blackshirts, from the Italian commandos) were angry about the problems in Italy. Mussolini sympathised with them, claiming he shared their war experiences, hence they joined the Fasci, eventually becoming the MVSN.