Fasciolidae

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Fasciolidae
Fasciola hepatica.JPG
Fasciola hepatica - adult worm
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Trematoda
Order: Echinostomida
Suborder: Echinostomata
Family: Fasciolidae
Railliet 1895
Genera

Fasciolidae is a family of trematodes and includes several veterinary and medical important parasites. Family Fasciolidae is divided into 5 genera. Flukes of the family are localized in liver, gall bladder, and the intestine. The life cycle of fasciolid flukes includes one intermediate host – freshwater snails from family Lymnaeidae.[1]

Morphological features[edit]

  • length of adults: 2 (Parafasciolopsis) up to 10 cm (Fasciola gigantica, Fascioloides magna)
  • suckers: oral and ventral sucker are closely located [1]
  • cercariae: gymnocephalic shape [2]

Systematics within family[edit]

According to Olson et al. 2003 [3] the family has five genera:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jurášek, V., Dubinský, P., 1993. Veterinárna parazitológia. Príroda a.s., Bratislava, 382 pp.
  2. ^ Pybus, M.J., 2001. Liver flukes. In: Samuel, W.M., Pybus, M.J., Kocan, A.A. (eds.), Parasitic diseases in wild mammals, Iowa State Press, Iowa City, pp 121–149.
  3. ^ Olson, P.D., Cribb, T.H., Tkach, V.V., Bray, R.A., Littlewood, D.T.J., 2003. Phylogeny and classification of the Digenea (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda)1. Int. J. Parasitol. 22, 733-755.