Fateh-110

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Fateh 110
Fateh-110-new-TEL.jpg
Fateh-110 missiles on Zolfaghar TEL in a parade
Type Tactical SRBM
Service history
In service 2002–present
Used by  Iran
 Syria
 North Korea
Wars Syrian civil war
Production history
Manufacturer Iran
Unit cost Unknown
Specifications
Weight 3,450 kg
Length 8.86 m
Diameter 0.61 m
Warhead One
Blast yield Not applicable

Engine Solid (single stage)
Operational
range
300 km
Speed Mach 3.5
Guidance
system
Inertial & electro-optical terminal

Fateh-110 (Persian: فاتح-۱۱۰‎, "conqueror") is a single-stage solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran by the Aerospace Industries Organization, including the solid fuel propellant. Iran successfully flight tested the final version of the Fateh-110 in September, 2002. Several weeks later in mid-September 2002 the Aerospace Industries Organization opened a plant to mass-produce the Fateh-110. The initial range of the missile was 200 km but in September 2004 it was announced that it had been extended to 250 km and if needed it could be increased further. Fateh-110 has a range of 300 km in its fourth generation which was unveiled in 2012. [1]

History[edit]

After the Iran-Iraq war, Iran found out that it needed an accurate short-range missile, as its Zelzal and Naze'at rockets were unguided rockets and thus very inaccurate. Thus, 200 Chinese CSS-8 short-range missiles were bought in 1989.[2] But those missiles did not satisfy Iranians because of their short range, relatively light warhead and bulky structure. So a project was assigned to Shahid Bagheri Industries to design and produce a guided short-range missile.

Left:Fateh-110, Right:Khalij Fars

Developments began in 1995 and Zelzal 2 was chosen for the basis of the missile. Reportedly Syria also joined the program and produced its version called M-600. North Korea also gained some missiles.[3] First tests occurred in 2002 which were successful, and the missile was put into production.

In 2004, a version with extended range of 250 km was unveiled. This version is probably the one offered for export.[4]

Fateh-110 on single rack TELs

It seemed that Syrians were still trying to produce their M-600 in 2008 based on the version unveiled in 2004.[5] In 2010 the Israeli press claimed that Syria has given hundreds of M-600 missiles to Hizbullah.[6]

In 2010, an upgraded version, dubbed "Third Generation of Fateh-110" was tested by Iran. Iranian defense minister Ahmad Vahidi stated that accuracy, range, reaction time and storage capability in different parts of the country are increased. After that Iranian TV provided footage of the test and the impact.[7] Some times later, it was delivered to IRGC.[8] The range of the missile was stated as 300 km.[9]

In 2011, Iran unveiled its first anti-ship ballistic missile called Khalij Fars. It is clearly based on Fateh-110 and shares the range of 300 km with the later versions.

On August 2012 Iran successfully test-fired the fourth generation of Fateh-110 missiles.

Fateh-110 during a 2012 military exhibition in Tehran, Iran

On the 3rd and 5th of May 2013, Israel claimed it had hit an alleged shipments of Fateh-110 in Syria that it claimed were "destined for Hezbollah". Israel said that it would not tolerate "game changing weapons" falling into the hands of the Hezbollah.[10][11]

On 18 May Israeli media reported that the Syrian army had trained a battery of Tishreen missiles, Syria's version of Iran’s Fateh-110, at Tel Aviv according to reconnaissance satellites. These missile are believed to be possible to used as a deterrent against any further Israeli airstrikes on Syrian targets.[12]

Design[edit]

Missile body is very similar to that of Zelzal 2. It has the same diameter of 610 mm and a length of 8.86 m.

It has three sets of fins. Four at the end of it near the exhaust, four other triangular shaped fins just above them and four small ones in front of missile near the nosecone. Of the three sets of fins on the missile, only the front ones are movable.

Transporting[edit]

Fateh 110 uses three different TELs. The first one has a similar mechanism with SA-2 and is based on a Mercedes-Benz 6x6 truck. The second one is the TEL that is used by newer versions of Zelzal rockets that again uses the Mercedes-Benz platform. The third one is a new indigenous TEL called Zolfaghar that is able to carry two missiles instead of one.

Variations[edit]

Variant Range Warhead Weight Speed Notes
Fateh-110 200 km 650 kg Mach 3.5 First variant
Fateh-110 Second Generation 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Announced in 2004
Fateh-110 Third Generation 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Announced in 2010. Reports say that accuracy is also increased.[13]
Fateh-110-D1 (Fourth Generation) 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Addition of a new guidance system with "100% precision". Shown in 2012.[14]
Khalij Fars 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Anti-ship ballistic missile based on Fateh-110. Unveiled in 2011.[15]
M-600 or Tashreen 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Syrian variant

Combat record[edit]

Syrian civil war[edit]

According to two unnamed U.S. military officials, the Syrian Government has fired at least two Fateh A-110 missiles in late December 2012. The firing of these missiles appeared to be an effort to more precisely target Syrian rebels.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]