Fateh Singh of Udaipur and Mewar

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Maharaja Fateh Singh, portrait by Raja Ravi Varma.

Maharana Sir Fateh Singh , GCSI, GCIE, (16 December 1849 – 24 May 1930), ruled Mewar for 46 years from 1884 to 1930, with Udaipur as capital, and resided in the City Palace, Udaipur.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

He was born on 16 December 1849 at Shivrati, son of Maharaj Dal Singh of the Shivrati branch of Mewar dynasty - A descendant of the fourth son, Arjun Singh, of the Rana Sangram Singh II (AD 1710-1734). First he was adopted by his elder brother, Gaj Singh who had no heir, subsequently Maharana Sajjan Singh of Udaipur, who too had no heir, adopted him, he eventually became the Maharaja of Udaipur in 1884. In 1887, he received G.C.S.I.[3][4][5]

In 1889, he built the "Connaught Dam" on Lake Dewali to mark the visit of Duke of Connaught, son of Queen Victoria, this enlarged the lake, and it was later renamed, Fateh Sagar Lake.[2] [6]

He also built Fateh Prakash Palace in Chittorgarh fort, which is an edifice with a tower on each of its four corners crowned by domed chhattris. This palace is a grand specimen of modern Indian architecture and at present houses a museum.

The Shiv Nivas Palace at Udaipur was also built by him. The palace was reserved exclusively for visiting dignitaries and guests of the House of Mewar during British Raj. However, now it has been turned into a luxury hotel.[7]

Maharaja Fateh Singh on royal barge, Lake Pichola, Udaipur, early 1900s

He was the only Maharaja to not attend the Delhi Durbar, both of 1903 and 1901. Then in 1921, when Edward, Prince of Wales, son of King George V and Queen Mary, visited Udaipur, he refused to receive him, citing illness and instead sent his son. This left him at odds with the British, thereafter, under the garb of ignoring a social unrest in Mewar, on 28 July 1921, his powers were curtailed and he was formally deposed, he was however allowed to retain his titular title, the effective power was handed to his son and heir, Bhupal Singh.[2][8][9]

Personal life[edit]

Maharaja Fateh Singh Bahadur

He was first married in 1867, to Rani Phool Kumari, daughter of the Thakur of Khod in Marwar, who died in 1877. Subsequently he was married in 1878, a daughter of Thakur Chanda Kol Singh of Varsoda, and had son, Bhupal Singh, and daughters, Ankaran Bai, married in 1904 to Madan Singh of Kishangarh, and Kishor Kunwar, married 1908 to Sardar Singh of Jodhpur.

He died on May 24, 1930 at Udaipur.

Further reading[edit]

  • Maharana: the story of the rulers of Udaipur, by Brian Masters. Mapin Pub., 1990. ISBN 0-944142-28-1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Complete title: HH 108 Sri Maharaj Adhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Ravi Kula Bushana-Mahi Mahindra Yavadarya Kula Kamaldhivakara Chattis Rajkul Singar Maharana Shri Sir Fateh Singh Hindua Suraj Hindupati.
  2. ^ a b c Gupta, p. 256
  3. ^ "Shivrati Genealogy". Queensland University. 
  4. ^ "Udaipur State: History". The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 1909. pp. v. 24, p. 93. 
  5. ^ Solomon, p. 128
  6. ^ Fateh Sagar Lake: Lakes
  7. ^ Shiv Niwas Palace, Udaipur The crescent-shaped palace was built in the early 20th century, in the reign of Maharana Fateh Singh (period of reign: 1884-1930)
  8. ^ Warren, p. 50
  9. ^ "Maharana Fateh Singh (1884-1930)". 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sajjan Singh
Ruler of Mewar
1884—1930
Succeeded by
Bhupal Singh