Fatehpur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh.
Fatehpur(Haswan) district
फ़तेहपुर ज़िला
فتح پور ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Fatehpur(Haswan) district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Fatehpur(Haswan) district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Allahabad
Headquarters Fatehpur, Fatehpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Niranjan Jyoti
 • Assembly seats Syed Qasim Hasan
Area
 • Total 4,152 km2 (1,603 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,675,384
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 58.6%
Major highways NH 2
Website Official website

Fatehpur District (Hindi: फ़तेहपुर ज़िला, Urdu: فتح پور ضلع‎) is one of the 71 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The district covers an area of 4,152 km². The district has a population of 2,308,384 (2001 Census). Fatehpur city is the administrative headquarters of the district. Located on the banks of the sacred rivers Ganges and Yamuna, Fatehpur was mentioned in the puranic literature. The ghats of Bhitaura and Asani were described as sacred in the puranas. Bhitaura, the site of the sage Bhrigu, was an important source of learning. Fatehpur district is a part of Allahabad Division.

This district is situated between two important cities: Allahabad, which is also known as "Prayag", and Kanpur of the state Uttar Pradesh. Fatehpur is well connected with those cities by train routes and roads. The distance from Allahabad is 117 km and from Kanpur is 76 km by railway. The north boundary of the district is limited by the river Ganges and its southern boundary is the river Yamuna.

In the Vedic era the region of this district was known as "Antardesh", which means the fertile area between two big rivers. Later, it was known as "Madhyadesh" which means central region. The northern region of the district is influenced with "Avadhi" culture while the southern part shows effect of the "Bundelkhand". The territory covered by the present-day Fatehpur district was part of Vatsa, which was one among sixteen mahajanapadas described in the Buddhist literature.

History[edit]

The known history of Fatehpur is as old as the Vedic era. General Karningham has written about "Bhitaura" and "Asani" places of this district, while discussing the heritage of the Vedic Period. There is evidence that the Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited the Asani area within this district.

In village Renh, which is 25 km in the south-west of Fatehpur town, some articles of archaeological interest have been found, which date from 800 B.C. Many artifacts, including coins, bricks and idols of the Maurya period, 'Kushan period & Gupta period have been found throughout the district. Many temples of the Gupta period still exist in village Tenduli, Korari and Sarhan Bujurg which are important archaeological sites. Golden coins of period of Chandragupta II have been recovered from the village of Bijauli. The bricks used in the fort of Asani are also of the Gupta Period.

There is an old decaying fort in Ayah said to have been built by the martial Arakhs (also called 'Arkawanshi kshatriyas'), who ruled this region (including Khaga) before the 11th century. The Arakh rulers were the worshippers of the Sun God ('Lord Arka' अर्कदेव) and Lord Shiva, hence many ancient Sun and Shiva idols have been found in and around the region. The British chronicles the fort.

Khajuha town, situated on Mughal road is a very old town. Its description has been found in the old Hindu scripture "Brahm Puran", which is 5000 years old.

In 1561 A.D., Moghal emperor Humayun passed through this town while invading Jaunpur state. On January 5, 1659 A.D., Mughal emperor Aurangzeb had a fierce battle with his brother prince Shah Shuja (Mughal), and killed him near this place. To celebrate the victory, he constructed a large beautiful garden "Badshahi Bagh" and a big lodge having 130 rooms. During the Mughal regime, the control of Fatehpur changed hands between rulers of Jaunpur, Delhi and Kannauj.

In 1801 A.D., this region came under the control of East India Company. In 1826 A.D., Fatehpur was redesignated as the District headquarters. It has many historic places like "Bawni(52) Imli in which English men were allegedly hanged on a tree[citation needed] during excesses in the Great Indian Mutiny. It is situated on Bindiki.

In 1966 this was given the status of a sub-division (Paragana), while the headquarters was at Bhitaura, which is now a block office.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Fatehpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions[edit]

The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions, namely, Fatehpur, Bindki and Khaga. These sub-divisions are further divided into 13 development blocks: Airaya, Amauli, Asothar, Bahua, Bhitaura, Deomai, Dhata, Haswa, Hathgam, Khajuha, Malwan, Teliyani and Vijayipur.

Dilawal pur - This village is in a Deomai block and 13 km from Bindiki tahsil. Dilawalpur is located on bank of Ram ganga nahar.

Belwara is a small Village in Telyani Tehsil. It is located on a road connecting Fatehpur to Adampur. 130 km from south of State capital Lucknow. It comes under Belwara Panchayath. It belongs to Allahabad Division. total population is more than 1500.

Belwara is surrounded by Ramnagar Tehsil towards East, Masauli Tehsil towards South, Sirauli Gauspur Tehsil towards South, Suratganj Tehsil towards North .

Zaidpur, Lucknow, Rudauli, Bahraich,Budwan are the nearby Cities to Belwara.

According to the 2011 census Fatehpur district has a population of 2,632,684,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[3] or the US state of Nevada.[4] This gives it a ranking of 154th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 634 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,640/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.05%.[2] Fatehpur has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 68.78%.[2]

Korari: is a very important place from archaeological view point. This place has two brick temples, having amazing carving on the outer faces. The temple is tilted in its own axis about 4°. Every panel has different design.

Bawan Imali: This monument is the symbol of sacrifices offered by freedom fighters. On April 28, 1858, fifty two freedom fighters were hanged on an "Imali" tree by the British army. The "Imali" tree still exists, people believe that the growth of tree has stopped after the massacre. This place is very near to town Khajuha in Bindki Subdivision of the district.

Bhitaura: This block headquarters is situated at the bank of holy river Ganges. This is the place where renowned saint Bhrigu worshipped for a long time that's why called Bhrigu Thaura. Here, flow of river Ganges is towards the north, which is very important from the religious point of view.

Ghazipur: This is a very large and ancient town which have a lot of historical account. Ghandhiji, Indira Gandhi, Syam Lal Gupta ‘Parsad’, Hema Malini, Chinese traveller Huan Tsuang, Raj Babbar, Mayawati, Mulayam Singh yadav, Rajesh Pilot, Sushma Swaraj, Jagdambica pal, etc. visited here. Paina Quila (Fort), Ghazipur quila (Fort; now it’s converted into Police station), Dargah, Tuglaki Maszid (Mosque), Murchaura (Battle field) are few monuments. Mevati muhalla, Kanchanpur, Puranathana, Premnagar, Subhas Market, Purani bazaar, Chauk, Dera, etc. are famous areas here. General Information:

Parks: Gandhi Park (in Fatehpur road). Pounds and Nahar (canal): Bhitar, Sonarantala, Mandirva, nichle ganga nahar, etc. Stay Places: Dharamsala. (In Fatehpur road).

How to reach there: By Aeroplane/ Train/ Bus Delhi to Kanpur or Allahabad airport then arrive Fatehpur.

Caste distribution: Hindu-Thakur, Pandit, Soni, Gupta, ST, SC, OBC & others. Muslim-Mevati, Broachers, Raeen, Behna & Pathan.

Total Temple: Above 25 (including small and big temples)

Total Mosque: Four-1. Badi Maszid 2. Purani Maszid (in Bahua road) 3. Tuglaki Maszid (in Fatehpur road; also called Eid gah) 4. Asfi Maszid (in Banda road; Dera region).

Hindu festivals: celebrations of Dussehra, Shivratri, Bharat melap, Khichdi mela, Holi Dewali, Rakshabandhan, etc.

Muslim festivals: Chahallum, Rabio-awwal juloos, Muharram, Eid and Bakaraeid, etc.

Special festivals: New year celebration, Independence Day and republic day, etc.

Colleges: 1. Janata Intermediate College (JIC) Fatehpur road. 2. Balika Intermediate College (BIC) Bahua road. 3. Lallu Khan Muslim Inter college (MIC) Banda road, etc. Schools: 1. Mother Teresa Public school (CBSE Board). 2. Primary-I (Bhua road), Primary-II (Fatehpur road). 3. Kamala nursery Gunear High school (Fatehpur). 4. Ram sing Uchtar maddayamic vidyalaya (BAhua road). 5. Ahillaya Bai School 6. Government girls high school (Ashother road). 7. Rama Bai Public school (girls & boys) Fatehpur bypass road. 8. Gurukul public school. 9. Rajesh nursery school. 10. Saraswati Gyan Mandir. 11. Dharmshala vidyalaya, etc. Coaching’s: NASA coaching institute (for 10th, 12th, B.Sc., M.Sc. All boards & Also for all competitive exams); Math by Azaz Ahmad, chemistry by Mohammad azhar Khan, English by Mohammad Haeem Life science by Gulnaz Jahan & Others (Having a good faculty and laboratory, Library, Tour facility is also available).

Banking: 1. State Bank of India (SBI) Banda road 2. Fatehpur district co-operative bank 3. Grameen bank, etc.

Hospitals: 1. Community health centre (CHC) (30 beds) 2. Homeopathic Hospital 3. Vetnary Hospital and other private hospitals.

Water supply by Jal nigam Storage tank, Hand pump and Wells, RCC roads in this town; four dammar (tar) roads 1. Ghazipur to Fatehpur (14 km; NH -71), 2. Ghazipur to Ashother (14 km) 3. Ghazipur to Banda (65 km) 4. Ghazipur to Bahua (13 km) Entertainments: Akhada (for fighting purpose every year celebrate a compition like WWE) Khan Pitch (For Cricket).

Hathgaon: This is also block headquarters and birthplace of great freedom fighter Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi & renowned Urdu poet Shri Iqbal Verma. It is said, this was populated by Saint Parashar.

Renh: A very old village situated in the bank of river Yamuna. Two decades ago, a very old idol of Lord Vishnu, made up of precious alloy, was found in this village. Now that idol is in a temple in village Kirtikheda on Bindki Lalauli road.

Shivrajpur: This village is situated at the bank of river Ganges near Bindki, which is a sub-division. In this village, there is a very old temple of Lord Krishna, which is known as "Mirabai Ka Mandir" (temple of Mirabai). It is said that idol of Lord Krishna was founded by Mirabai, a renowned devotee of Lord Krishna and a member of royal family of Mewar state.

Tenduli: A village situated on Chaudagara-Bindki road. It is believed that victims of snake/dog biting, persons suffering from parapsychological problems get relief from the temple of Baba Jhamdas in this village.

Bindiki: A very old city about 15 miles off Fatehpur which was named after its emperor Raja Venuki. A very rich city by its secularism having fertile land lying in between river Ganges and river Yamuna. Thus, this is among a few oldest tehsil in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Besides having a grand religious and historical background, this is motherland of Martyr Jodha Singh Ataiya, and many other freedom fighters and Hindi poet Rashtra-kavi Sohan Lal Dwivedi.

Khajuha: In the ancient time Khajuha was known as Khajuha Garh. It had great importance in Mughal era, in that time of Aurangzeb it was the main cantonement of Allahabad region. Khajuha is also known as the Lord Shiva Nagari. There are 86 Shiva temples in this small town.

Asothar: Asothar is situated between Ghazipur and Kishanpur, to the south of Fatehpur and 14 km from Khaga. A lot of Jain sculptures were discovered here like smaller mound bearing five large Digamber Jain figures which people call the five Pandavas. It is also believed that Shiv Ling from Mahadev temple emerged from the ground.

Dhamna Khurd: An age old brick temple of Lord Surya (Chaturbhuj) temple is situated in village Dhamna Khurd (Amauli) Dist. Fatehpur (U.P.). An ASI enlisted historic brick temple is situated in Dhamna Khurd, about 5 km west of Amauli Block H.Q. of distt Fatehpur. It is said that this temple was developed automatically during nights having six months duration. Still the uppermost portion of the curvlinear Shikhar, embellished with Chandrasalas and bhumi amatakas, is lost besides a large mutilated image of Lord Surya (God Chaturbhuj) is installed in the Garbh Griha along with broken figures of his family members and some other divinities. On the architectural and sculptural grounds this temple may be assigned to the last quarter of the eighth century AD. In last years, villagers voluntarily collected some money and rejuvenated its outer foundation as well as structure. It is said that during Aurangjeb reign, Murties of the temple were destroyed. The temple is situated in the heart (Centre) of the village from where lord Surya observes villagers activities. All the villagers have more faith on the God. The temple is made from square bricks which is deteriorating day by day. It may be well rejuvenated only with the Govt aid and assistance. The village is situated in the Ganges and Yamuna Doaba plains, about 65 km from its distt H.Q. on Amauli-Ghatampur road. It lies between the parallel of 35°26′ north latitude and 80°14′ east longitude having semi arid climate with maximum and minimum temperatures of 42–44°C and 6–7°C, respectively, with average annual rainfall of 90–95 cm. Villagers depends on agriculture only for their livelihood. Irrigation facilities are very poor, depending upon rain and tube wells or on the blesses of Lord Chaturbhuj.

Notable people[edit]

  • Sohan Lal Dwivedi. A poet, who has said "Rashtrakavi" by Gandhi ji. He was born in 1905 in Bindki sub-division of this district.
  • Deep Narayan Singh. He was a freedom fighter, an ex M.L.A. and an advocate of Supreme Court of India. He was involved in the freedom struggle in his very early stage of his life and went to jail many times. He was also a scholar and was awarded Sahityaratna. His statue has been installed at Dhata town.
  • Niaz Fatehpuri (1884-1966) was a fiction-writer of repute, whose Urdu short-stories, which are poems in prose, are considered to be on a par with those of Munshi Premchand and find a prominent place in Urdu literature. He was also an Urdu poet and critic, and a polemicist who dared to raise his voice against fundamentalism. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1962 for his services to Urdu.

Major institutions[edit]


Mandir

Tambeshwar Mandir, Fatehpur
  • Sri Hanuman Mandir, Ladigawan, Fatehpur: Founded and Built by Late Sri Bishun Kant Srivastava, Father of Sri Rajesh Srivastava-Bhaiyaji
  • Bharat Mata Mandir situated At CPS School Fatehpur
  • Shri Tambeshwar Baba Mandir
  • Shkti Peeth Kalikaan Mandir
    Kalikan Mandir, Fatehpur
  • Shri Sai Mandir, Verma Chauraha
    Sai Mandir, Fatehpur
  • Shri Moteshwar Mahadev Mandir
  • Shri Shakti Peeth Durga Mandir
  • Shri Panch Mukhi Hanuman Mandir
  • Shri Hanuman mandir, Chowk
  • Shri Hanuman mandir, Murain tola
  • Shri Hanuman mandir, Patel Nagar
  • Shri Shive Mandir, Purani Chungi Chauki
  • Shri Sai Mandir, Maswani
  • Shri Jai Gurudev Sai Mandir, Lalauli Road Bindaki founder Mr. Babu Soni Mumbai
  • OM Ghant, Shri Shiv Mandir (Nirmanadheen), Bhitaura
  • Shri Shani Mandir, Aboo Nagar
  • Shri Thawaishwar Baba Dham Mandir, Thawai

Mosques

  • Eidgaah
  • Masjid E Takiya Chand Shah Chowk station road
  • Masjid-E-Ayesha, Chaudhrana, A.K Road, Fatehpur
  • Masjid-E-Noori,(Ansari) Near Yusuf Zai, Fatehpur
  • Masjid-E-Khizra
  • Peeli Masjid
  • Masjid-e-Dalalan
  • Unchi Masjid
  • Masjid Baradari, Mahajri
  • Masjid shah Raza Ali
  • Masjid aik Minara
  • Masjid Madeen Paharipur
  • Masjid Nawab Bakar Ali Khan, Bakarganj
  • Masjid Noorani Paharipur
  • Masjid-E- Gharib Nawaz, Imamganj, Aaboonagar-Fatehpur)

× Jama Masjid Kotwali Fatehpur × Choti Masjid Joshiyan Fatehpur

"Churches"

  • Evanglical Church Of India, Hariharganj, Fatehpur
  • Indian Presbyterian Church, Deviganj, Fatehpur

Schools and Colleges* Playway English School, Fatehpur * Shri Pal Dixit Public School, Dhakauli Fatehpur

  • Mahatma Gandhi Degree College Fatehpur
  • Rajkiya Mahila Mahavidyalaya
  • Yugraj Singh Law College
  • Yugraj singh Management College.

• Government Inter College Fatehpur

  • St. John's School
  • Muslim Inter College, sayyedwara
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Fatehpur
  • Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Fatehpur
  • Noorul Huda Sr. Sec. School,
  • Mother Suhag Inter College, Fatehpur
  • Govt. Polyechnic
  • Saini Computer Center Fatehpur
  • RVS International School
  • Basant Lal Academy ( An English Medium School), Gopalpur Shah.
  • CPS, (Children Public Senior Secondary School) Fatehpur, Other branches are situated at Binki, Jahanabad, Pratapgarh, and Noida
  • M Brilliant Oriental School, Pakka Talab & BaquerGanj
  • Fatehpur Public School
  • Chacha Nehru Bal Vidyalaya, Yusuf Zai, Fatehpur
  • Thakur Yugraj Singh Degree College, G.T Road, Fatehpur
  • Police Modern School, PAC Railway Crossing, Fatehpur
  • Sadashiv Inter College, Rail Bazar, Fatehpur
  • ASIC Anglo Sanskrit Inter College Fatehpur

Homoeopathy clinic[edit]

  • Jamal Homeopathic Hospital
  • Shuchi Homoeopathy Clinic
  • Anurag Homeo Clinic
  • Hanemann Homeo Clinic
  • sachan homeoclinic

Newspapers[edit]

  • Dainik Jagran Fatehpur Edition
  • Inext
  • Amar Ujala Compact
  • Satvik Vichar
  • Daily Times
  • Fatehpur Rangshala Hindi weekly
  • Mulk E Haalat Urdu weekly
  • Upvan ke pusp Hindi weekly
  • prantpath Hindi weekly
  • universe Time Hindi weekly

Transport[edit]

Fatehpur is fairly well connected to other parts of Uttar Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The national highway (NH2) (Grand Trunk Road known as G.T. Road) passes through Fatehpur. Fatehpur is 72 km from Kanpur, 121 km from Allahabad and state capital Lucknow is 120 km away. There are frequent buses to Kanpur, Allahabad, Banda, Uttar Pradesh, and Lucknow.

Fatehpur is a historic region in the context of the Great Indian Mutiny of 1857.

Railways[edit]

This city is connected with important cities by train. Fatehpur Station is on the main route of New Delhi-kolkata. Trains are available frequently. It has longest platform of any station on the route from Howrah to Delhi. This fact is disputed as the longest platforms are Jhansi (not on Delhi-Howrah route) followed by Dehri-on-Son (on Delhi-Howrah route).

On 10 July 2011, a derailment near Malwan killed 70 passengers, and injured at more than 300.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kuwait 2,595,62" 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nevada 2,700,551" 
  5. ^ "India Train Crash Death Toll Climbs to 68". The Guardian. Associated Press. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 

External links[edit]