Fatehpuri Masjid

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Fatehpuri Masjid in Old Delhi
Historic map of Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi), in 1863. Musjid Futtepoori is just south of the Lahauri Gate in the North

Fatehpuri Masjid is a 17th-century mosque located at the western end of the oldest street of Delhi, Chandni Chowk. It is opposite the Red Fort on the opposite end of Chandni Chowk.

History[edit]

Fatehpuri Masjid was built in 1650 by Fatehpuri Begum, one of emperor Shah Jahan's wives who was from Fatehpur Sikri,[1] and the mosque at Taj Mahal is also named after her.[2]

The British had auctioned the mosque after the 1857 war to Rai Lala Chunnamal for Rs. 19,000[3](whose descendants still live in the Chunnamal haveli in Chandni Chowk[4]), who preserved the mosque. Later in 1877 it was acquired by the government in exchange for four villages and was restored to the Muslims at the Delhi Durbar when the British allowed the Muslims back in Old Delhi. A similar mosque, called Akbarabadi Masjid built by the Akbarabadi Begum was destroyed by the British.[5]

The Khari Baoli, which is today Asia's largest spice market, gradually developed after the construction of the mosque.

Muslim festivals Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Zuha are celebrated with great enthusiasm at the mosque.

Mufti Mukarram Ahmad is the chief mufti and imam of the mosque and has been Imam there for almost 42 years and before him his father Maulana Mufti Mohammad Ahmad (d. 21 October 1971/1391 AH) was imam and mufti of the mosque.

Architecture[edit]

The mosque is built using red sandstone and has a fluted dome with mahapadma and kalash on the top. Flanked by minarets, the mosque has a traditional design with the prayer hall having seven-arched openings. The mosque has single and double-storeyed apartments on the sides.

The central iwan in the middle is flanked by three arches on each side.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Mughal Architecture, By R. Nath, Published by Abhinav Publications, 2006
  2. ^ The History of the Taj and the Buildings in Its Vicinity: With 3 Illustrations from Photographs and 2 Plans, By Muḣammad Muʻīn al-Dīn, Akbarābādī Muḣammad Muʻīn al-Dīn Published by Moon press, 1905
  3. ^ Fatehpuri Shahi Masjid: A mute witness to the travails of Dillee milligazette. May 1, 2000.
  4. ^ Beyond the WALL The Hindu, September 25, 2003.
  5. ^ In memory of a pious Begum The Hindu, October 3, 2005.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fatehpuri Masjid at Wikimedia Commons