|Founded||February 12, 1999|
|Merger of||People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity, Liberal Movement of Kazakhstan and For Kazakhstan - 2030|
|Succeeded by||Nur Otan|
|Politics of Kazakhstan
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politics and government of
Fatherland (Kazakh: Отан. Otan; from Perso-Arabic: وطن / waṭan) was the largest political party in Kazakhstan, led by Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov with over 700,000 members until December 22. At a subsequent party congress, delegates agreed to incorporate the Civic Party and the Agrarian Party and rename the party to Nur-Otan.
Otan was originally established on February 12, 1999 after the merger of several previously independent pro-presidential parties, including the People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity, the Liberal Movement of Kazakhstan, and the "For Kazakhstan - 2030" Movement. At the uniting congress, the new party outlined a program largely supportive of the government led by President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
In the run-up to previous elections, Otan usually received a majority of domestic media coverage. Before the 1999 election, for example, it was reported that Otan was the main focus in almost 60% of the coverage. Additionally, most of the country's major media outlets had political leanings towards Otan (including those networks such as Khabar, which were formally supportive of Asar).
|Election year||Candidate||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||Result|
|Election||Seats won||±||Total votes||Share of votes||Position||Party leader|
|1999||23||1,622,895||30.90%||Minority gov't||Kassym-Jomart Tokayev|
|2004||19||5,621,436||60.60%||Majority gov't||Daniyal Akhmetov|
- Del Sordi, Adele, Parties of power as authoritarian institutions: The cases of Russia and Kazakhstan (PDF), Spanish Political Science Association (AECPA), retrieved 22 January 2012
- Kazakh pro-presidential parties complete merger RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
- Information on Political Parties Participating on the Basis of Party Slates in Elections to Majilis of Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan
- Media Bias Mars Kazakhstan's Election Campaign EurasiaNet
- Official Otan Party Page (Russian)
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