German Fatherland Party
|German Fatherland Party
|Founded||September 2, 1917|
|Dissolved||December 10, 1918|
|Succeeded by||None (de jure)
DNVP and DAP (de facto)
The party was founded close to the end of 1917 and represented political circles supporting the war. Among founding members were Wolfgang Kapp (of the Kapp Putsch fame) and Alfred von Tirpitz (naval minister and post-war party leader). Walter Nicolai, head of the military secret service, was also supportive. Its political influence peaked in summer 1918 when it had around 1,250,000 members. Its main source of funding was the Third Supreme Command. The party was dissolved after the German Revolution (December 10, 1918).
One member, Anton Drexler, went on to form a similar organization, the German Workers Party, which later became the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) that came to power in 1933 under Adolf Hitler.
Notes & Bibliography
- on Nicolai, see Höhne and Zolling, p 290
- Höhne, Heinz, and Zolling, Hermann (1972). The General Was a Spy. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc, New York. (Published in Germany as Pullach Intern, 1971, Hoffman and Campe Verlag, Hamburg)
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