Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2011)|
|Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge|
Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge (1988) in Istanbul, connecting Europe and Asia.
|Official name||Fatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü|
|Carries||8 lanes of Motorway O-2|
|Maintained by||Turkish State Highways|
|Designer||Freeman Fox & Partners|
|Total length||1,510 m (4,950 ft)|
|Width||39 m (128 ft)|
|Height||105 m (344 ft)|
|Longest span||1,090 m (3,580 ft)|
|Vertical clearance||64 m (210 ft)|
|Construction end||July 3, 1988|
|Preceded by||Bosphorus Bridge|
The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, also known as the Second Bosphorus Bridge (in Turkish: Fatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü, F.S.M. Köprüsü or 2. Köprü), is a bridge in Istanbul, Turkey spanning the Bosphorus strait (Turkish: Boğaziçi). When completed in 1988, it was the 5th longest suspension bridge span in the world; today it is the 19th.
The bridge is named after the 15th century Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, who conquered Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453 from the Byzantine Empire. It carries the European route E80, Asian Highway 1, Asian Highway 5, and Otoyol 2 highways.
The bridge is situated between Hisarüstü (European side) and Kavacık (Asian side). It is a gravity-anchored suspension bridge with steel pylons and vertical hangers. The aerodynamic deck is hanging on double vertical steel cables. It is 1,510 m long with a deck width of 39 m. The distance between the towers (main span) is 1,090 m and their height over road level is 105 m. The clearance of the bridge from sea level is 64 m.
The bridge was designed by Freeman Fox & Partners and BOTEK Bosphorus Technical Consulting Corp., who had previously also designed the Bosphorus Bridge. An international consortium of three Japanese companies (including IHI Corporation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries), one Italian (Impregilo) and one Turkish company (STFA) carried out the construction works. The bridge was completed on July 3, 1988 and opened by Prime Minister Turgut Özal who drove his official car by himself as the first to pass. The cost of the bridge amounted to US$130 million.
The bridge is on the Trans-European Motorway between Edirne and Ankara. The highway bridge has four lanes for vehicular traffic plus one emergency lane in each direction. On weekday mornings, commuter traffic flows mostly westbound to the European part, so five of the eight lanes run westbound and only three eastbound. Conversely, on weekday evenings, five lanes are dedicated to eastbound traffic and three lanes only to westbound. No pedestrians are allowed to use the bridge. Nowadays, around 150,000 vehicles are passing daily in both directions, almost 65% being automobiles.
Fatih Sultan Mehmet is a toll bridge, but payment is required from only the vehicles passing from Europe to Asia (as in the First Bosphorus Bridge, no payment is required while passing from Asia to Europe.) Since April 2008, cash payments are no longer accepted, having been replaced by a remote payment system. In addition to OGS the contactless smart sticker HGS system is in use.
An OGS device or HGS sticker can be obtained at various stations before the toll plaza of highways and bridges.
- Bosphorus Bridge, also called the First Bosphorus Bridge.
- Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, also called the Third Bosphorus Bridge, currently under construction.
- Eurasia Tunnel, undersea tunnel, crossing the Bosphorus for vehicular traffic, currently under construction.
- Marmaray, undersea rail tunnel, crossing the Bosphorus and connecting the Asian and European sides of Istanbul.
- Public transport in Istanbul
- Turkish Straits
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge.|
- Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge at Structurae
- Google aerial image of bridge
- 3D-model ″Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge″ for Google Earth