Fatima el-Sharif

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Fatimah as-Senussi
Queen consort of Libya
Queen Fatima of Libya.jpg
Queen Fatima of Libya
Reign 24 December 1951 – 1 September 1969
Spouse Idris I of Libya
House Senussi
Father Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi
Mother Khadija [1]
Born 1911
Oasis of Kufra, Italian Libya
Died 3 October 2009 (aged 98)
Cairo, Egypt
Burial Hamza Cemetery, Medina, Saudi Arabia
Religion Islam
Queen Fatimah (left) on a visit to Egypt with Mrs. Tahia Abdel Nasser

Sayyida Fatimah el-Sharif (Arabic: فاطمة الشريف; after marriage Fatimah as-Senussi,[2] or Fatimah Al-Shifa Al-Sinousi; ca. 1911 – 3 October 2009), was Queen consort of King Idris I of Libya until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1969.

Early life[edit]

Fatimah el-Sharif was born in Italian Libya in 1911, the fifth daughter of Sayyid Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi, the former chief of the Senussi religious order. Her father was active in resistance toward the colonial forces. Her mother Khadija (second wife of her father) was a daughter of Ahmad al-Rifi. In 1929, she was forced to flee on camel to Egypt from Marchal Graziani. In 1931, she married her cousin Idris al-Senussi, then Emir of Cyrenaica and her father's successor, in Siwa. Their only son died in 1953 aged one day old.

Queenship[edit]

Upon her husband's accession as King of Libya in 1951, Fatimah became Queen. In 1954, her nephew assassinated Idris' advisor Ibrahim al-Shelhi because of a rumour that Shelhi had convinced the King to divorce Fatima in favour of a marriage with his own daughter. Idris then ordered the execution of Fatima's nephew.[3] When Idris decided to obey the demands to remarry in order to have an heir, Fatima selected two women as prospective brides: he chose neither of them, but instead an Egyptian heir appointed by his premier, Alia Abdel Kader Lamloum,[4] whom he married in 1955. As there was no divorce, Fatimah however refused to leave the royal residence in Tobruk, and after a couple of months, she and Idris reconciled.

Post-revolution and death[edit]

Fatimah was in Turkey with her spouse at the time of Muammar Gaddafi's revolution in 1969. She lived in Cairo from the overthrow of the royal government on 1 September 1969 until her death. Fatimah was later tried in absentia by the Libyan People's Court and sentenced in November 1971 to five years in prison and seizure of her assets. Her house in Tripoli was returned to her in 2007.

Fatimah died on 3 October 2009 in Cairo, aged 98.

Personality[edit]

The relationship between Queen Fatimah and King Idris is described as a mutually happy one, and they became foster-parents to several children of relatives, as well their adopted daughter Suleima, whose father had been killed fighting against France.[3] Fatimah was described as humorous and tactful, with an ability to make people relax, especially children. She also was a most loyal supporter of Idris, with a simple but elegant style. Fatimah also became a role model for a new way of life for the women of Libya by her role as a queen.[3] Fatimah neither wore a veil, nor did she live in seclusion; as a queen, she played a visible role in society, and was present regularly at various public events.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Fatima el-Sharif
Senussi dynasty
Born: 1911 Died: 3 October 2009
Regnal titles
New title
New state created
Queen consort of Libya
24 December 1951 – 1 September 1969
Vacant