Fatimah bint Amr

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Fatimah bint Amr (/ˈfætəmə, ˈfɑːtˌmɑː/; Arabic: فاطمة بنت عمر‎) (died 576) was the grandmother of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and one of the wives of Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. She was from the Banu Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe, unlike her co-wives, who were all from outlying tribes and had relatively little influence in Mecca.[1]

Her full name was Fatimah bint `Amr ibn `A'idh ibn `Imran ibn Makhzum. Her mother was Sakhrah bint Abd ibn `Imran, also from Banu Makhzum; Sakhrah's mother was Takhmur bint `Abd ibn Qusai.[2]

Children of Fatimah bint Amr[edit]

With Abdul-Muttalib, Fatimah was the mother of three sons and five daughters:

  1. ‘Abd Manāf (Abu Talib) - Married to Fatimah bint Asad ibn 'Amr al-ʻUlā (Hashim) and father of Ṭālib, Ja’far, Ali, Aqeel, Jumanah, Fakhitah (Umm Hani).
  2. Az-Zubayr
  3. Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib - Married to Āminah bint Wahab and father of Muḥammad.
  4. Barrah bint Abdul Muttalib[3] - Married to Abul Asad ibn Hilāl of Banu Makhzūm[3] and mother of Abdullah (Abu Salama),[4] Sufyān and Aswad. Her second husband was Abu Ruhm ibn ‘Abd al- ‘Uzzā from the ‘Āmir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh. Their son was Abu Sabra.[5]
  5. Arwā[6] - Married at first to ‘Umayr ibn Wahb or to 'Umayr ibn 'Abd al-'Uzza ibn Qusayy, by whom she had a son, Tulayb. Her second husband was Arta ibn Sharahbil ibn Hāshim, by whom she had a daughter, Fāṭimah.[7]
  6. Umaimah or Umamah - Married to Jahsh ibn Riyab of Banu Asad[8] and mother of Abd-Allah, Ubayd-Allah, Abd (Abu Ahmad), Hamna or Hammanah, Zaynab, Habiba (Umm Habib).
  7. ‘Ātikah - Married to Abu Umaiyah ibn al-Mughīrah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn Makhzum ibn Yaqaẓah Banu Makhzūm, mother of 'Abdullah, Zuhayr & Qurayba and the step-mother of Hind (Umm Salamah)
  8. Umm Ḥakīm (al-Baiḍā) - Married to Quraiz ibn Rabī‘ah of Banu ‘Abdu Shams and mother of ‘Āmir, Arwā (the mother of the future Caliph ‘Uthmān), Ṭalḥah and Umm Ṭalḥah.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. George Allen & Unwin. p. 13. 
  2. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "Abdu’l Muttalib’s Oath". Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 33. 
  4. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (2013). Tabaqat vol. 3: The Companions of Badr. p. 183. 
  5. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 385. 
  6. ^ Abdulmalik ibn Hisham (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford University Press. p. 707. 
  7. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 30. 
  8. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq (1955). Sirat Rasul Allah(The Life of Muhammad). Oxford University Press. p. 116. 

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