Faubion Bowers (29 January 1917 – 17 November 1999) was a noted academic and writer in the area of Asian Studies, especially Japanese theatre. He also wrote the first full-length biography of Russian composer Alexander Scriabin. During the Allied Occupation of Japan, he was General Douglas MacArthur's personal Japanese language interpreter and aide-de-camp.
After the surrender of Japan, he was the interpreter for the advance party of 150 US personnel which flew into the Atsugi airfield on 28 August 1945. As MacArthur's interpreter he lived at the American Embassy with the MacArthur family, and served as interpreter at the initial meeting between MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito. While an official censor for Japanese theater he became its champion.
After the war he taught at the New School for Social Research, and at Kansas University as Distinguished Professor of Asian Studies. He also served as music editor or reviewer for various periodicals.
Bowers became a respected authority on oriental art and culture, writing scholarly monographs on such subjects as Indian dance and Japanese theatre, as well as a definitive two-volume biography of the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin. His book, Japanese Theatre, was published in 1952 and is highly recommended by James Michener, in his book on Japanese ukiyo-e prints, The Floating World, as "one of the foremost works of scholarship dealing with Japanese culture to come out of the occupation."
Bowers was interviewed for Columbia University's Oral History Project in 1960. He wrote the first full-length biography of Russian composer Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915) in two volumes (1970, 2nd edition 1996) and was a member of the Bagby Foundation for the Musical Arts in New York City. He died in New York City on 17 November 1999.
Bowers is known as The Man Who Saved Kabuki in Japan. While on his way to Indonesia in 1940, he visited Tokyo's Kabuki-za where he watched the famous Kanadehon Chūshingura kabuki play, and was very moved by kabuki as an art form. Four years later he returned to Japan as General MacArthur's secretary during the American Occupation of Japan. At this time the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers thought kabuki should be banned for its portrayal of feudal values. Bowers was strongly against this, stating that "Kabuki is not only Japanese culture but world culture and must be preserved for the future." He promoted kabuki plays and instructed that a "Dream Team" cast of big kabuki stars should be assembled to perform "Kanadehon Chūshingura" in 1947. This performance and many others performed at the Tokyo Army College were a success, and the cast later performed the play in 1950 in East Coast venues across the US.
- Bowers, Faubion (1952). Japanese theatre. New York: Hermitage House.
- Bowers, Faubion (1953). The Dance In India. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Bowers, Faubion (1954a). Japanese Theatre: Origin - Noh Drama - Puppets - Kabuki Spectacle. New York: Hermitage House.
- Bowers, Faubion; et. al, eds. (1954b). Perspective of Japan: An Atlantic Monthly Supplement. New York: International Publishers.
- Bowers, Faubion (1959). Broadway USSR: Ballet, Theatre, and Entertainment in Russia Today. Thomas Nelson and Sons.
- Champdor, Albert; Bowers, Faubion (trans.) (1966). The Book Of The Dead: Based on the Ani, Hunefer, and Anhai Papyri in the British Museum. New York: Garrett Publications.
- Bowers, Faubion; Fieger, Erwin (1972). Japan:Islands of the Rising Sun. New York: H. N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-0208-7.
- Bowers, Faubion (1974). The New Scriabin: Enigma and Answers. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-7153-6578-6.
- Sarabhai, Mrinalini; Mitchell, John D.; Bowers, Faubion (1992). Staging a Sanskrit Classic: Bhasa's Vision of Vasavadatta. New York: Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-1-882763-02-3.
- Iyengar, K.R. Srinivasa; Meserve, Walter J.; Meserve, Ruth L.; Bowers, Faubion (1995). Appreciations of Asif Currimbhoy. Calcutta: Writers' Workshop. ISBN 81-7189-299-X.
- Bowers, Faubion (1996). Scriabin, a Biography (2nd, revised ed.). New York: Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-28897-0. (1st pub. 1970)
- Bowers, Faubion (1996). The Classic Tradition of Haiku: An Anthology. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-29274-6.
- Michener, James (1983). The Floating World. University of Hawaii Press. p. 430.
- Weber, Bruce (24 April 2009). "Santha Rama Rau, Who Wrote of India’s Landscape and Psyche, Dies at 86". New York Times: A18.
- Pace, Eric. "Faubion Bowers, 82, Defender Of Kabuki in Occupied Japan", New York Times. November 22, 1999.
- Brandon, James R. "Myth and Reality: A Story of Kabuki during American Censorship, 1945-1949," Asian Theatre Journal, Volume 23, Number 1, Spring 2006, pp. 1–110.
- Okamoto, Shiro. "The Man Who Saved Kabuki: Faubion Bowers and Theatre Censorship in Occupied Japan," translation by Samuel L. Leiter. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 0-8248-2441-5
- Faubion Bowers - biography found at the Japanese American Veterans Association website
- Bowers' impressions of Gen. MacArthur as found on the Japanese-American Veterans Association website