Faubourg Marigny

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Coordinates: 29°57′53″N 90°03′19″W / 29.96472°N 90.05528°W / 29.96472; -90.05528
Marigny
New Orleans Neighborhood
MarignyAcrossFromSpigaJuly08.jpg
Residential architecture in Faubourg Marigny
Country United States
State Louisiana
City New Orleans
Planning District District 7, Bywater District
Elevation 1 ft (0.3 m)
Coordinates 29°57′53″N 90°03′19″W / 29.96472°N 90.05528°W / 29.96472; -90.05528
Area 0.3378 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 - land 0.31 sq mi (1 km2)
 - water 0.02 sq mi (0 km2), 5.92%
Population 2,128 (2010)
Density 6,300 / sq mi (2,432 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 504
Sign indicating the neighborhood

Faubourg Marigny (sometimes called The Marigny) is a neighborhood of the city of New Orleans. Its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are North Rampart Street and St. Claude Avenue to the north, Press Street to the east, the Mississippi River to the south and Esplanade Avenue to the west.

Geography[edit]

Faubourg Marigny is located at 29°57′53″N 90°03′19″W / 29.96472°N 90.05528°W / 29.96472; -90.05528[1] and has an elevation of 1 foot (0.3 m).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the district has a total area of 0.33 square miles (0.9 km2). 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2) of which is land and 0.02 square miles (0.1 km2) (6.06%) of which is water.

In the 19th century, Faubourg Marigny was the old Third Municipality of New Orleans. The triangular area between Esplanade and Elysian Fields Avenue is sometimes called "The Marigny Triangle", and is part of the 7th Ward of New Orleans. The remainder is in the 8th and 9th wards of New Orleans.

Adjacent Neighborhoods[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

The City Planning Commission defines the boundaries of the Faubourg Marigny as these streets: North Rampart Street, St. Claude Avenue, Press Street, the Mississippi River and Esplanade Avenue.[3]

The area further back from Rampart/St. Claude to Claiborne Avenue is sometimes called "New Marigny", the name dating back to the early 19th century. The lower boundary, with the Bywater neighborhood, is either Press Street (a traditional boundary that is along the railroad tracks) or Franklin Avenue (the upper boundary of the city's 9th Ward).

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,145 people, 1,960 households, and 391 families residing in the neighborhood.[4] The population density was 10,145 /mi² (3,931 /km²).

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,973 people, 1,881 households, and 359 families residing in the neighborhood.[5]

History[edit]

Faubourg Marigny was laid out in the first decade of the 19th century by eccentric Creole millionaire developer Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville on land that had been his family plantation just down river from the old city limits of New Orleans. The portion of Faubourg Marigny closer to the river was built up first; the area on the side of St. Claude Avenue (formerly "Goodchildren Street") away from the river was sometimes called "New Marigny." In the early 19th century, New Marigny was where white Creole gentlemen set up households for their mistresses of color (and their offspring) in the tradition of "plaçage."[6]

Wide Elysian Fields Avenue, named after the Champs-Élysées in Paris, was designed to be the main street of the Faubourg Marigny. It was the first street in New Orleans to extend all the way from the riverfront straight to Lake Pontchartrain 8 km (5.0 mi) away. In 1830-31 the Pontchartrain Railroad was built with tracks down the center of Elysian Fields. The area at the other end of the rail line developed into Milneburg.

The neighborhood declined badly in the mid 20th century, and the area around Washington Square was nicknamed "Little Angola" (after the prison of that name) for the dangerous criminals there. It came back strongly in the late 20th century. Profiteering around the 1984 World's Fair drove many long-term residents from the French Quarter into Marigny. Frenchmen Street developed one of the city's premier collections of live music venues and restaurants, and is a popular destination with music lovers from other parts of the city and knowledgeable out-of-town visitors in the early 21st century.

Faubourg Marigny is one of the centers for homegrown New Orleans Mardi Gras (see Faubourg Marigny Mardi Gras costumes). The neighborhood is also home to the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts Riverfront facility.

Notable people from Faubourg Marigny include jazz composer/musician Jelly Roll Morton and singer Lizzie Miles.

Faubourg Marigny is one of the most colorful neighborhoods in New Orleans, the architecture borrows heavily from the colonial French and Spanish and has elements of the Caribbean, this unique blending of architectural elements over the last three centuries has resulted in an architectural style unique to the city of New Orleans.

Hurricane Katrina, which had a disastrous effect on the majority of New Orleans (see Effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans), had a less severe aftermath here than in much of the city. The section on the river side of Rampart experienced some wind damage, but was at a high enough elevation to escape the great flood. The lower lying areas of New Marigny flooded, but not as deeply as elsewhere. A good portion of the 19th century style raised houses were elevated enough so that the flood waters did not reach high enough to cause significant damage, even as far back as Claiborne Avenue. A free community kitchen and goods exchange camp was set up in Washington Square for a couple months after the storm. The official reopening of Marigny was delayed in September and early October by the fact that at first decisions were made to reopen areas by ZIP code, and Marigny shares a ZIP code with more badly damaged areas. However after reopening, the area rebounded quickly.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. "Marigny Neighborhood". Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Marigny Neighborhood". Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Marigny Neighborhood". Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Faubourg Marigny Historical Marker". 

External links[edit]