Faulkner Act (mayor–council–administrator)

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For other uses, see Faulkner (disambiguation).
New Jersey municipal government Flag of New Jersey
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Borough Township
City Town Village
Modern forms
Walsh Act commission
1923 municipal manager
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Mayor–council–administrator
Nonstandard forms
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Changing form of municipal government
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The Faulkner Act, or Optional Municipal Charter Law, provides for New Jersey municipalities to adopt a mayor–council–administrator form of government.

Voters elect a mayor and six council members at large for staggered terms with partisan elections. The mayor serves a four-year term; council members serve three-year terms. An organization meeting is held on January 1. Up to six administrative departments may be created by ordinance. In this "weak mayor" form[1] of government, the mayor votes only to break ties, and the township administrator supervises the departments.[2]

As in all Faulkner Act municipalities, citizens in the OMCL mayor–council–administrator system enjoy the right of initiative and referendum, meaning that proposed ordinances can be introduced directly by the people without action by the local governing body. This right is exercised by preparing a conforming petition signed by 10% of the registered voters who turned out in the last general election in an odd-numbered year. Once the petition is submitted, the local governing body can vote to pass the requested ordinance, and if it refuses, it is then submitted directly to the voters.

The following municipalities have adopted the mayor–council–administrator form of government under the Faulkner Act.

Municipality County Note
Berkeley Heights Union County Effective January 1, 2007
North Brunswick Township Middlesex County
West Milford Township Passaic County Effective January 1, 2004

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor–Council–Administrator (NJSA 40:69A-149-1)". Forms of Government. New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Faulkner Act (OMCL) Mayor–Council–Administrator". Types And Forms Of New Jersey Municipal Government. New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Retrieved 2007-11-14.