Faulknor-class flotilla leader

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For other uses, see Faulknor (disambiguation).
HMS Broke
Class overview
Operators:  Royal Navy
 Chilean Navy
Preceded by: Medea class
Succeeded by: Marksman class
Completed: 4
Lost: 1
General characteristics
Type: Faulknor-class destroyer leader
Displacement: 1,700 tons
Tons burthen: 1,850 tons
Length: 331 ft (101 m) o/a
Beam: 32 ft 6 in (9.91 m)
Draught: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Propulsion: 6 White-Forster type water-tube boilers, steam turbines, 3 shafts, 30,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: 403 tons coal, 83 tons oil
Complement: 197 - 205
Armament:

As built: 6 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VI guns, single mounting P Mk. XI
2 × twin tubes for 21-inch torpedoes (4 × single in Botha)
As re-armed:
2 × BL 4.7-inch (120-mm) L/45 Mark I, single mounting CP Mk. VI
2 × QF 2-pounder pom-pom Mk. II, single mounting HA Mk. II
2 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) L/40 QF Mark IV guns, single mounting P Mk. IX

2 × twin tubes for 21-in torpedoes

The Faulknor class were a class of flotilla leaders that were under construction in the United Kingdom for the Chilean Navy at the outbreak of World War I. These ships were purchased by the British, taken over and completed for the Royal Navy for wartime service. In common with Royal Navy convention, they were named after famous Royal Navy captains of the past, in this case the members of the Faulknor family.

Design[edit]

The Almirante Lynch-class destroyers were a private design by J. Samuel White that were significantly larger and heavier armed than their contemporaries. They had four funnels, a tall, narrow fore funnel and three broad, short funnels behind. They were initially armed with six single QF 4-inch guns, unusually arranged with four on the forecastle - two sided in front of the wheelhouse and two sided abreast it - the remaining pair being sided on the quarterdeck. These guns were of a novel Elswick design for the Chileans and when the ships were rearmed they were replaced with standard Royal Navy models. As rearmed in 1918 they carried a BL 4.7-inch gun on the forecastle and another on a bandstand between the after pair of funnels, retained the pair of 4-inch (100 mm) guns abreast the wheelhouse and had two QF 2-pounder pom-poms.

They were returned to the friendly nation of Chile in 1920, at which point the Thornycroft type leader Rooke was renamed Broke to maintain this famous name (that of Admiral Sir Philip Bowes Vere Broke of the Shannon) in the Navy List.

Service[edit]

All of the class were present at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May to 1 June 1916 where Broke collided with and sank the Acasta-class destroyer Sparrowhawk. Also in this action, Tipperary, serving with the 4th Destroyer Flotilla, was hit by 5.9-inch (150 mm) fire from the secondary battery of the German dreadnought Westfalen and sank with the loss of 185 hands from her crew of 197.

In April 1917, Broke took part in an action known as the Battle of Dover Strait with equally large singleton Swift during which she was damaged.

Botha was damaged in the English Channel on 21 March 1918 off the coast of Flanders when she rammed and sank the German torpdeo boat A-19 and was then torpedoed in error by the French destroyer Capitaine Mehl.

Ships[edit]

Name Ship Builder Launched Completed Fate
Faulknor (ex-Almirante Simpson) J S White, Cowes February 26, 1914 Completed 1914 Returned to Chile 1920
Broke (ex-Almirante Goñi) J S White, Cowes May 25, 1914 1914 Returned to Chile 1920
Botha (ex-Almirante Williams Rebolledo) J S White, Cowes 2 December 1914 1915 Returned to Chile 1920
Tipperary (ex-Almirante Riveros) J S White, Cowes March 5 1915 1915 Sunk by gunfire at Battle of Jutland, May 31, 1916

See also[edit]

Almirante Lynch-class destroyers for details after return to Chile.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893-1981, Maurice Cocker, 1983, Ian Allan ISBN 0-7110-1075-7
  • Jane's Fighting Ships, 1919, Jane's Publishing