Fauna of China

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One of seventeen megadiverse countries,[1] China lies in two of the world's major ecozones, the Palearctic and the Indomalaya. In the Palearctic zone are found such mammals as the horse, camel, tapir, and jerboa. Among the species found in the Indomalaya region are the Leopard Cat, bamboo rat, treeshrew, and various species of monkeys and apes. Some overlap exists between the two regions because of natural dispersal and migration, and deer or antelope, bears, wolves, pigs, and rodents are found in all of the diverse climatic and geological environments. The famous giant panda is found in the mountains of northern Sichuan, eastern Gansu and southern Shaanxi province. There is a continuing problem with trade in endangered species, although there are now laws to prohibit such activities.



The avifauna of China includes a total of 1314 species, of which 52 are endemic, two have been introduced by humans, and 55 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in China and is not included in the species count. Eighty seven species are globally threatened.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Biodiversity Theme Report". Environment.gov.au. 10 Dec 2009. Retrieved 27 Apr 2010.