Fauquier County, Virginia
|Fauquier County, Virginia|
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton Virginia
Location in the state of Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Francis Fauquier|
651 sq mi (1,686 km²)
650 sq mi (1,683 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.26%
105/sq mi (40.4/km²)
Fauquier (pron.: //) is a county located in the United States Commonwealth of Virginia. As of 2010, the county's population was 65,203. Fauquier County's county seat is Warrenton, and the county is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. It is in the heart of Virginia wine and horse country as well as rich in history and the preservation of agriculture. In 2011, Fauquier county was number eight on the U.S. Census Bureau list of highest-income counties in the United States.
At the time of European encounter, a sub-group of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe, the Whonkentia, inhabited the area. They were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area. The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699. The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.
Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.
American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Battle of Kelly's Ford, Battle of Aldie, Battle of Middleburg, Battle of Upperville, First and Second Battle of Auburn, Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.
Fauquier County celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2009. The county celebrated by having year-long events. The festivities were kicked off with the African-American Historical Association celebrating Black History Month in February. The grand events took place on May 1 when Main Street was filled with guests and residents who enjoyed entertainment by historians, demonstrations, performances, contests, activities, lectures, Kid’s Corner, and live music. Birthday cakes were assembled and shared with the Fauquier Food Distribution Coalition. There were historical site visits including some of the confederate battlefields. Many of the local churches participated in this event with homecoming celebrations. Festivities were concluded with the First Night Warrenton on December 31. This family oriented event included musical performances, puppet shows and a magician.
Elementary schools 
- C. M. Bradley Elementary School
- James G. Brumfield Elementary School
- W. G. Coleman Elementary School
- Grace Miller Elementary School
- H. M. Pearson Elementary School
- C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary School
- P. B. Smith Elementary School
- Claude Thompson Elementary School
- Mary Walter Elementary School
- Greenville Elementary School
- M. M. Pierce Elementary School
Middle schools 
- Auburn Middle School
- Cedar Lee Middle School
- W. C. Taylor Middle School
- Marshall Middle School
- Warrenton Middle School
High schools 
- Fauquier High School
- Liberty High School
- Southeastern Alternative School
- Kettle Run High School
- Mountain Vista Governor's School
Higher education 
- Lord Fairfax Community College
- Thorpe House Adult Learning Center
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 651 square miles (1,686.1 km2), of which 650 square miles (1,683.5 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.26%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Clarke County (north)
- Loudoun County (north)
- Prince William County (east)
- Stafford County (southeast)
- Culpeper County (southwest)
- Rappahannock County (west)
- Warren County (northwest)
Major highways 
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,139 people, 19,842 households, and 15,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km2). There were 21,046 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.39% White, 8.79% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
By 2005 non-Hispanic whites were 84.5% of the population of the county. African-Americans were still 8.8% of the population. Native Americans were 0.3% while the Asians population was 1.1% of the county total. The Latino population had more than doubled as a percentage of the total population of the county to 4.4%.
In 2000 there were 19,842 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $61,999 (this figure had risen to $93,762 respectively as of a 2011 estimate). Males had a median income of $45,484 versus $31,738 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,757. About 3.70% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
The county is primarily rural and agricultural. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the County is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county.
Incorporated towns 
Unincorporated communities 
Notable residents 
- Turner Ashby, born in Fauquier County, Confederate Army general in the American Civil War.
- Martin Berkofsky, classical pianist and philanthropist.
- Walter Chrysler Jr, son of the automobile pioneer, owned North Wales Farm in Warrenton.
- Irv Cross, American footballer and sportscaster.
- Susan Cummings, an heiress infamous for killing Argentine polo player Roberto Villegas.
- Robert Duvall, American-born actor who maintains a farm in The Plains.
- Bertram and Diana Firestone, owners of Newstead Farm.
- George B. Fitch, American businessman, Mayor of Warrenton, founder of Jamaican Bobsled Team.
- Rear Admiral Cary Travers Grayson, owner of historic Blue Ridge Farm.
- Eppa Hunton, U.S. Representative and Senator from Virginia, born and lived in Warrenton.
- Charles Marshall, born in Warrenton, assistant adjutant general, aide de camp and military secretary to Gen. Robert E. Lee. Great nephew of Chief Justice John Marshall.
- James K. Marshall, Colonel in the Confederate States Army, killed in action during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg while leading the brigade of J. Johnston Pettigrew, grandson of Chief Justice John Marshall.
- John Marshall, born in Fauquier County, Chief Justice of the United States.
- Paul Mellon, philanthropist, an Exemplar of Racing and owner of Rokeby Farm.
- John S. Mosby, lived in Warrenton, was a Confederate partisan ranger and cavalryman during the American Civil War. Buried in Warrenton cemetery.
- Michaele Salahi and Tareq Salahi, the White House Gate Crashers.
- Willard Scott, an American media personality best known for his work on NBC's The Today Show who lives in Paris, Virginia.
- Scott Shipp, born in Warrenton, Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute from 1890-1907.
- Isabel Dodge Sloane, owner of Brookmeade Stud.
- William "Extra Billy" Smith, died in Warrenton, was a lawyer, congressman, two time Governor of Virginia and one of the oldest Confederate generals in the American Civil War.
- Liz Whitney Tippett, owner of the Llangollen estate.
- Karen O'Connor and David O'Connor, Olympic eventing riders.
See also 
- Fauquier County Sheriff's Office
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Fauquier County, Virginia
- . Weldon Cooper Center 2010 Census Count Retrieved January 26, 2011
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Top 100 counties - Median household income, 2011
- Swanton, John R. (1952), The Indian Tribes of North America, Smithsonian Institution, pp. 61–62, ISBN 0-8063-1730-2, OCLC 52230544
- Harrison Williams, Legends of Loudoun, pp. 20-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- American FactFinder
- "Fauquier Times-Democrat: Get A Life, Lose The Commute, August 30, 2007".[dead link]
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
7. The Civil War in Fauquier by Eugene M Scheel
- Visit Fauquier County
- Fauquier County Government Site
- Fauquier County Public Library
- Fauquier County Public Schools
- Fauquier County Chamber of Commerce
- Greater Warrenton Chamber of Commerce
- Fauquier Times-Democrat
- Fauquier County Fair
- Fauquier County Historical Society
- Fauquier County Businesses
- Fauquier County / Opal Weather Station
- Town of Remington Police Department
- Civil War in Fauquier County
||Warren County||Clarke County and Loudoun County|
|Rappahannock County||Prince William County|
|Culpeper County||Stafford County|