Fauske

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Fauske kommune
Fuossko
Municipality
Fauske sentrum.jpg
Coat of arms of Fauske kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Fauske kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Fauske within Nordland
Fauske within Nordland
Coordinates: 67°13′14″N 15°48′31″E / 67.22056°N 15.80861°E / 67.22056; 15.80861Coordinates: 67°13′14″N 15°48′31″E / 67.22056°N 15.80861°E / 67.22056; 15.80861
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Salten
Administrative centre Fauske
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Siv Anita Johnsen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 1,209.68 km2 (467.06 sq mi)
 • Land 1,108.42 km2 (427.96 sq mi)
 • Water 101.26 km2 (39.10 sq mi)
Area rank 82 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total 9,508[1]
 • Rank 103 in Norway
 • Density 8.6/km2 (22/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -1.2 %
Demonym Fauskeværing[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1841
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.fauske.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Fauske  is a town and municipality located in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Salten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Fauske with approximately 6,000 inhabitants. Other villages include Nystad, Straumsnes, and Sulitjelma.

The municipality borders Sweden in the east and the municipalities of Sørfold to the north, Bodø to the west, and Saltdal to the southeast. The town is located on the northern shore of the Skjerstadfjorden.

General information[edit]

Municipality of Fauske, with lowland near the fjord and mountains to the east

On 1 January 1905, the northern district of the municipality of Skjerstad was separated to become the new municipality of Fauske. Initially, the population of Fauske was 4,646. The municipal borders haven't changed since that time. In 1998, the municipality declared township for its administrative centre.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Fauske farm (Old Norse: Fauskar), since the first church, Fauske Church, was built there (in 1867). The name is the plural form of fauskr which means "old and rotten tree".[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Fauske. It is part of the Salten deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Fauske
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Location
of the Church
Year Built
Fauske Fauske Church Fauske 1867
Sulitjelma Sulitjelma Church Sulitjelma 1899
Sulitjelma Chapel Sulitjelma 1996
Valnesfjord Valnesfjord Church Valnesfjord 1905

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1988). The arms show a red reef knot on a gray background. It was chosen to represent Fauske as a center of commerce and transportation for the region.[5]

Economy[edit]

Several power companies have offices in Fauske

Several marble quarries are located in the municipality. The marble is exported to many countries, where it can be observed in many monumental buildings, among them the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. There are also dolostone quarries in Fauske, as well as some agriculture. Salten Kraftsamband and Fauske Lysverk are important employers in Fauske. The town is a commercial centre for parts of the inland areas of Salten, and has hotel and camping facilities. FK Fauske/Sprint is the local soccer team. Historically, mining in Sulitjelma was very important.

Transportation[edit]

Railway station in Fauske; an important junction for many travellers. Fauske and Bodø are the most northerly stations on the main railway network in Norway.
Photo: Lars Røed Hansen
The E6 - Rv 80 road junction in the centre of Fauske

The Nordlandsbanen railroad passes through the municipality, reaching Bodø west of Fauske. Travellers going further north usually leave the train in Fauske, and travel by express bus to Narvik or further, using European route E6 which goes through the center of Fauske. The E6 from Mo i Rana north to Fauske crosses over the Saltfjellet mountains, and the E6 further north to Narvik also goes through very rugged terrain; these are among the most scenic drives in Norway, although there are many tunnels in the Sørfold area. The Norwegian national road Rv 80 to Bodø, about 62 kilometres (39 mi) to the west, departs from E6 in the centre of Fauske.

The Norwegian County Road 830 runs from the town of Fauske to the east to the village of Sulitjelma. The road passes through several tunnels: Grønnlifjell Tunnel, Hårskolten Tunnel, Sjønståfjell Tunnel, and Stokkviknakken Tunnel. The road follows the old Sulitjelma Line railroad.

Nature[edit]

There are two large glaciers in Fauske: Blåmannsisen and Sulitjelmaisen; covering about 14% of the municipality. The highest mountain is Suliskongen at 1,907 metres (6,257 ft) above sea level. There are many lakes in the municipality, such as Blåmannsisvatnet, Kjelvatnet, Låmivatnet, Langvatnet, Muorkkejávrre, Nedrevatnet, Øvrevatnet, and Vuolep Sårjåsjávrre.

Junkerdal National Park and Sjunkhatten National Park are partly located in Fauske.[6] Sulitjelma, located 44 kilometres (27 mi) by road east of Fauske, is a good starting point for hiking in the mountains and hikes to the glaciers. There are several DNT lodges in this area.

There are many nature reserves in the municipality, such as Veten nature reserve with calcareous pine forest and a rich understory[7] and Fauskeeidet wetland area with rich bird life and observation tower.[8]

There are several caves in the municipality. The fairly easy accessible Svarthamarhola (Svarthamar cave) is one of the largest caves in northern Europe, also hosting one of the worlds most northerly bat colonies.[9]

Early July and summer in the highlands at Jakobsbakken, near Sulitjelma.

Climate[edit]

Fauske is located inside the Arctic circle and has 24-hr of daylight from early May to the beginning of August, with midnight sun from the beginning of June to the second week of July. Average 24-hour temperatures in Fauske is below freezing from mid-November to the last part of March, but the ice-free Skjerstadfjorden moderates winter temperatures. Summer starts in June with moderate summer temperatures lasting until early September. Precipitation is heaviest from September to December (usually as snow in December); average annual precipitation is 1,040 millimetres (41 in). Daytime temperatures are usually significantly warmer than the 24-hr average from March to September, while there is very little diurnal temperature variation from November to early February as the sun is very low or below the horizon all day. However, temperatures varies considerably with the weather; there might be cool westerly winds with temperatures of 10 °C (50 °F) and rain both night and day in July, and the next day might be sunny with daytime temperature reaching 25 °C (77 °F). Southwesterly winds can bring thaws anytime in winter, but not in the mountains, which usually get large amounts of snow in winter—the main reason for the large glaciers and the hydropower in the area.

Climate data for Fauske
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.1
(35.8)
7.4
(45.3)
11.2
(52.2)
13.0
(55.4)
12.5
(54.5)
8.5
(47.3)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
3.8
(38.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 98
(3.86)
81
(3.19)
75
(2.95)
53
(2.09)
45
(1.77)
53
(2.09)
78
(3.07)
79
(3.11)
110
(4.33)
147
(5.79)
105
(4.13)
116
(4.57)
1,040
(40.94)
Source: [10]

Notable residents[edit]

Fauske marble, known as Norwegian Rose; can also be green-white ([1]).

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ssb.no/en/befolkning/statistikker/folkendrkv/kvartal/2013-05-14?fane=tabell&sort=nummer&tabell=112361 Norwegian population statistics showing for Fauske excess of deaths over births of 1 and excess of emigration over immigration of 4 during Q1 2013, giving a net decline of 5 in the registered population since 1 January 2013
  2. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 225. 
  5. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Fauske" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  6. ^ "Junkerdal Nasjonalpark". Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  7. ^ "Veten naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  8. ^ "Fauskeeidet naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  9. ^ "Svarthammarhola cave research". Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  10. ^ "Temperaturnormaler for Fauske i perioden 1961 - 1990". Met.no. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 

External links[edit]