|Operas by Louis Spohr|
Faust is an opera by the German composer Louis Spohr. The libretto, by Josef Karl Bernard, is based on the legend of Faust; it is not influenced by Goethe's Faust, though Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy had been published in 1808. Instead, Carl Bernard's libretto draws mainly on Faust plays and poems by Maximilian Klinger and Heinrich von Kleist. Spohr's Faust is an important work in the history of German Romantic opera.
Spohr had left his court appointment at Gotha and taken up a post in Vienna at the Theater An der Wien, which had recently been purchased by Count Ferdinand Palffy von Erdöd. He composed the opera in less than four months, May to September 1813 but had difficulties with count Palffy that interfered with getting it staged in Vienna. Though he took the manuscript score privately to Giacomo Meyerbeer, who played it, with Spohr singing— supplementing his vocal range by whistling— it was not until Carl Maria von Weber took an interest in the score that it received its premiere. Weber conducted the first performance of Faust at the Ständetheater, Prague on 1 September 1816. Meyerbeer introduced it at Berlin.
In its original form, the opera was a Singspiel in two acts. In 1851, Spohr turned the piece into a grand opera in three acts, replacing the spoken dialogue with recitative. This "version (in an Italian translation) received its premiere at the Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden, London on 15 July 1852. The Bielefeld Opera rediscovered Faust in 1993 in the first staged production world-wide since 1931. Conducted by Geoffrey Moull and directed by Matthias Oldag, the opera was given 8 performances and subsequently recorded for CPO.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast
Conductor: Carl Maria von Weber
|Faust||baritone||Johann Nepomuk Schelble|
|Kunigunde his fiancée||soprano||Therese Grünbaum|
|Röschen a young girl||soprano|
|Kaylinger a friend of Faust||baritone|
|Wohlhardt a friend of Faust||tenor|
|Wagner a friend of Faust||tenor|
|Moor a friend of Faust||baritone|
|Sycorax a witch||soprano|
|Count Hugo's page||spoken role|
Faust is torn between his love for the young Röschen and his desire for Kunigunde, the fiancée of Count Hugo. He makes a pact with the devil Mefistofeles which allows him to rescue Kunigunde from the clutches of the evil knight Gulf. Faust obtains a love potion from the witch Sycorax which he gives to Kunigunde during her wedding celebrations. Outraged at the sudden passion his bride shows for Faust, Count Hugo challenges him to a duel. Faust kills Hugo and flees. Meanwhile, Faust's first love, Röschen, drowns herself in despair. Mefistofeles seizes Faust and drags him down to Hell.
- Faust (1852 revision) Bielefeld Opera, Soloists, Chorus, Bielefeld Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Geoffrey Moull (CPO, 1994).
- Faust- Soloists (Bo Skovhus, Franz Hawlata, Robert Swensen, Brigitte Wohlfarth, Hillevi Martinpelto, others; Südfunkchor Stuttgart; Rundfunkorchester des SWF Kaiserslautern; Klaus Arp conducting; Capriccio CD label.) (1994) This recording is of the original version.
- Carl Bernard's libretto draws mainly on Faust plays and poems by Maximilian Klinger and Heinrich von Kleist., in Opera News October 1995 (review of Bielefeld Philharmonic Orchestra recording of the two versions).
- Joseph Bennett, excerpts from Spohr's memoirs, "The Great Composers, Sketched by Themselves. No. VII. Spohr (Continued)" The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular, 21 (August 1, 1880)., pp.394.
- A steel engraving of the duel scene was featured on the cover of the Illustrated London News Supplement, 31 July 1852.
- Theater in Bielefeld 1975-1998, Kerber Verlag, Bielefeld, Redaktion Heidi Wiese, Heiner Bruns, Alexander Gruber, Fritz Stockmeier 1998, ISBN 3-933040-03-5
- JW (December 1994). "Gramophone Review of Capriccio Faust". Gramophone (London, UK: Haymarket): 138. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- "OCLC Reference for Capriccio Faust". Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- The Viking Opera Guide ed. Holden (Viking, 1993)
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera ed. Parker (OUP, 1994)
- Del Teatro (in Italian)
- Amadeus Online