A typical (Group III) fax transmission requires a two-way conversation between two modems (that is, each participant must both transmit and receive). Each modem may be part of a “fax machine” incorporating an image scanner and a printer. A demodulator can only be used to observe a conversation between two fax modems, usually to record the image transmitted. It cannot be used to receive a fax transmission in the usual sense, because a sending modem cannot transmit an image without first negotiating a connection with a receiving modem.
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