Faya-Largeau

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This article is about the city in Chad. For the plant, see Myrica faya. For the R&B duo, see Faya.
Faya-Largeau
Faya-Largeau is located in Chad
Faya-Largeau
Faya-Largeau
Location in Chad (Borkou Region highlighted)
Coordinates: 17°55′01″N 19°7′0″E / 17.91694°N 19.11667°E / 17.91694; 19.11667Coordinates: 17°55′01″N 19°7′0″E / 17.91694°N 19.11667°E / 17.91694; 19.11667
Country  Chad
Region Borkou (since 2008)
Department Borkou
Sub-Prefecture Faya-Largeau
Elevation 245 m (804 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 48,090
Time zone +1

Faya-Largeau[2] (also known as Faya)[3] is the largest city in northern Chad and was the capital of the region of Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti.[4] It is now in the Borkou Region, which was formed in 2008 from the Borkou Department of the former Bourkou-Ennedi-Tibesti region.

History[edit]

LARAF MiG-23MS with empty missile rails rolling along the runway at Faya Largeau AB, some time in the mid-1980s. Also note the radome of an Il-76MD in the foreground left. Faya Largeau was the main Libyan base in northern Chad until the building of Ouadi Doum.

Originally called Faya, the town was renamed Largeau after French Colonel Étienne Largeau;[3] upon Chadian independence from France, it assumed the name Faya-Largeau. The town was captured by Libya when Libya annexed the Aouzou Strip in 1975, but was retaken by Hissène Habré's forces in 1980.[5] Libya recaptured Faya-Largeau in 1983, but retreated in 1987.[5]

Economy[edit]

Due to the considerable underground water supply in the town, the main industry is agriculture, while three lakes lie immediately north of Faya-Largeau.[citation needed] The town is serviced by Faya-Largeau Airport (IATA: FYTICAO: FTTY)[6] with a paved runway.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[7]
1993 9,867
2008 14,123

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Faya-Largeau
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
40
(104)
44
(111)
43
(109)
43
(109)
40
(104)
39
(102)
39
(102)
33
(91)
28
(82)
37.2
(98.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
23
(73)
27
(81)
30.5
(86.9)
34
(93)
33.5
(92.3)
33.5
(92.3)
32
(90)
31.5
(88.7)
30.5
(86.9)
25.5
(77.9)
20.5
(68.9)
28.5
(83.32)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
13
(55)
19.8
(67.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
11
(0.43)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
16
(0.63)
Source #1: BBC Weather [8]
Source #2: Annales de Géographie[9]

Faya-Largeau has a hot desert climate typical of the Borkou Region lying on the heart of the Sahara Desert. Average maximum temperatures in Faya-Largeau are consistently over 40 °C (104 °F) from April to August, reaching a maximum of 44 °C (111 °F) in May. The coolest months are December and January with average maximum temperatures between 28 and 29 °C (82 and 84 °F). Annual precipitation averages only 16 millimetres (0.63 in) and generally only occurs from June to September, although some years have no rainfall at all. The sunshine duration is one of the highest found in the world with some 4,000 hours of bright sunshine annually, and every month gets an average sunshine duration above 300 hours.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". 
  2. ^ Atlas of the World (Eighth edition ed.). Washington, D.C., United States: National Geographic Society. 2005. 
  3. ^ a b "Faya". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  4. ^ "Circonscriptions administrative". Archive du Ministère de l’Administration du territoire. Archived from the original on 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Libyan Intervention in Chad, 1980-Mid-1987". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  6. ^ "Faya-Largeau". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-03-18. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  7. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad
  8. ^ "Average Conditions Faya-Largeau". BBC Weather. Archived from BBC Weather Centre the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b Mainguet, Monique (1968). "Le Borkou. Aspects d'un modèle éolien". Annales de Géographie (in French) 77 (421): 296–322.