Fayette County, Illinois
|Fayette County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
725.34 sq mi (1,879 km²)
716.48 sq mi (1,856 km²)
8.86 sq mi (23 km²), 1.22%
30/sq mi (12/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 22,140, which is an increase of 1.6% from 21,802 in 2000. Its county seat is Vandalia. Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area is located in the northwest part of this county.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 725.34 square miles (1,878.6 km2), of which 716.48 square miles (1,855.7 km2) (or 98.78%) is land and 8.86 square miles (22.9 km2) (or 1.22%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Shelby County - northeast
- Effingham County - east
- Clay County - southeast
- Marion County - south
- Clinton County - southwest
- Bond County - west
- Montgomery County - northwest
Major highways 
- Interstate 57
- Interstate 70
- US Route 40
- US Route 51
- Illinois Route 33
- Illinois Route 128
- Illinois Route 140
- Illinois Route 185
- Bayle City
- Bluff City
- St. Paul
Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:
|IL Counties 1900-1990|
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,802 people, 8,146 households, and 5,653 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,053 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.02% White, 4.88% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.7% were of German, 23.5% American, 11.6% English and 9.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.2% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.
There were 8,146 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 108.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,873, and the median income for a family was $39,044. Males had a median income of $29,478 versus $20,254 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,357. About 8.40% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.
Climate and weather 
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vandalia have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.41 inches (61 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in May.
See also 
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "Fayette County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Vandalia, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
||Montgomery County||Shelby County|
|Bond County||Effingham County|
|Clinton County||Marion County||Clay County|