Fayette County, Indiana

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Fayette County, Indiana
Fayette County Courthouse in Connersville.jpg
Fayette County Courthouse in Connersville
Map of Indiana highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for Marquis de la Fayette
Seat Connersville
Largest city Connersville
Area
 • Total 215.16 sq mi (557 km2)
 • Land 215.01 sq mi (557 km2)
 • Water 0.15 sq mi (0 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 24,277
 • Density 113/sq mi (43.61/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 21
A round barn in Fayette County

Fayette County is one of 92 counties in U.S. state of Indiana located in the east central portion of the state. As of 2010, the population was 24,277.[1] The county seat and only incorporated town is Connersville which holds a majority of the county's population.[2]

History[edit]

The County[edit]

Fayette County was created by act of the Indiana General Assembly in Dec. 1818 from portions of Wayne and Franklin counties and unincorporated ("New Purchase") territory in the northern portion of the county. It was named for the Marquis de la Fayette, a French hero of the Revolutionary War.[3][4] Connersville, then a small village of less than a hundred inhabitants, was designated the county seat. The county was divided into 5 townships (Harrison, Connersville, Jennings, Columbia and Brownsville) in Feb. 1819, "Connersville" containing the namesake town. In 1821, the organization of Waterloo Township subsumed the portion of Brownsville Township remaining in Fayette County, along with a portion of Harrison Township west of the Whitewater River.

The part of Fayette lying between the treaty line of 1795 and the present eastern boundary line of Waterloo and Jennings townships remained a part of Fayette county until it was split off into the newly created Union county in 1821. In 1826, a small part in the southeastern portion of Jackson township not included in the limits of the county in 1818, being left a part of Franklin county was attached to Fayette County.

In 1841, Connersville became the first, and remains the only, incorporated town (chartered as a city in 1869) in the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 215.16 square miles (557.3 km2), of which 215.01 square miles (556.9 km2) (or 99.93%) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) (or 0.07%) is water.[5] The county is located in the northern portion of the Whitewater River Valley running south and southeasterly from Wayne County to Cincinnati on the Ohio River. The only major waterway in the county is the West Fork of the Whitewater River running north to south through the center of the county. There is only a single tiny lake in the county, Manlove's lake in Posey Township. The county is mostly flat with low, rolling hills. The county (and all of Indiana) is part of the Eastern (U.S.) Broadleaf Forest biome dominated by deciduous trees including over 175 native species of oak.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Political subdivisions[edit]

Townships[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The county is distant from major cities/markets. The nearest large cities are Cincinnati 58 miles to the southeast, Indianapolis 66 miles to the west, Louisville 127 miles to the south, and Columbus, Ohio 135 miles to the northeast.

Major highways[edit]

The accessible state roads are all narrow 2-lane roads subject to closure during winter snowstorms and ice-overs. The nearest major highways are U.S. 40 12 miles to the north, and Interstate 70 14 miles to the north, both in Henry and Wayne Counties.

Airport, rail and bus[edit]

There is no commercial air port, rail (Freight) or bus service in the county. Amtrack passenger trains serve Connersville.

Waterways[edit]

While the Whitewater River is navigable, it's not commercially significant because it doesn't intersect any major cities.

Economy[edit]

In 2010, the county ranked 92nd out of 92 Indiana counties in median household income. Most of the economic activity is local manufacturing, retail trade and healthcare services, concentrated in Connersville. Commercial and economic development remains constrained due to lack of commercial airport, freight rail service, and major (Interstate and U.S. highway) access.

Climate and weather[edit]

Connersville, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
 
32
15
 
 
2.3
 
 
37
18
 
 
3.4
 
 
48
27
 
 
4.2
 
 
60
36
 
 
4.9
 
 
71
48
 
 
4.4
 
 
79
57
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
61
 
 
3.5
 
 
81
58
 
 
2.8
 
 
75
50
 
 
2.8
 
 
64
38
 
 
3.6
 
 
50
30
 
 
3.1
 
 
38
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in Connersville have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1952. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.33 inches (59 mm) in February to 4.89 inches (124 mm) in May.[6]

Schools and Colleges[edit]

The county is served by the Fayette County School system including elementary, middle and high schools. There are also a few parochial elementary schools in Connersville. There are no institutions of higher learning in the county.

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[7][8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[8]

Fayette County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 42;[9] and Indiana House of Representatives district 55.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,950
1830 9,112 53.1%
1840 9,837 8.0%
1850 10,217 3.9%
1860 10,225 0.1%
1870 10,476 2.5%
1880 11,394 8.8%
1890 12,630 10.8%
1900 13,495 6.8%
1910 14,415 6.8%
1920 17,142 18.9%
1930 19,243 12.3%
1940 19,411 0.9%
1950 23,391 20.5%
1960 24,454 4.5%
1970 26,216 7.2%
1980 28,272 7.8%
1990 26,015 −8.0%
2000 25,588 −1.6%
2010 24,277 −5.1%
Est. 2013 23,861 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

2010 Census Data[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 24,277 people and 9,719 households residing in the county. The population density was 113 people per square mile (44/km²). There were 10,898 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.93% White, 1.37% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 Census Data[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 25,588 people, 10,199 households, and 7,149 families residing in the county. The population density was 119 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 10,981 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.16% White, 1.67% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.2% were of American, 18.9% German, 10.6% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,199 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,840, and the median income for a family was $46,111. Males had a median income of $34,493 versus $23,082 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,624. About 6.00% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

For further reading[edit]

  • History of Fayette County, Indiana, Warner, Beers & Co. 1885

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fayette County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 557. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Connersville, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ "George Washington Steele". Ancestry.com. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 

Coordinates: 39°38′N 85°11′W / 39.64°N 85.18°W / 39.64; -85.18