Fayette County, Iowa

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Fayette County, Iowa
CourthouseSquare.jpg
Fayette County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat West Union
Largest city Oelwein
Area
 • Total 731.45 sq mi (1,894 km2)
 • Land 730.92 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Water 0.52 sq mi (1 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 20,880
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website fayettecountyiowa.org

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 20,880 in the 2010 census, a decline from 22,008 in the 2000 census.[1] The county seat is West Union.[2]

History[edit]

Fayette County was founded in 1837. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette,[3] a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731.45 square miles (1,894.4 km2), of which 730.92 square miles (1,893.1 km2) is land and 0.52 square miles (1.3 km2) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 825
1860 12,073 1,363.4%
1870 16,973 40.6%
1880 22,258 31.1%
1890 23,141 4.0%
1900 29,845 29.0%
1910 27,919 −6.5%
1920 29,251 4.8%
1930 29,145 −0.4%
1940 29,151 0.0%
1950 28,294 −2.9%
1960 28,581 1.0%
1970 26,898 −5.9%
1980 25,488 −5.2%
1990 21,843 −14.3%
2000 22,008 0.8%
2010 20,880 −5.1%
Est. 2012 20,793 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.[1]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Fayette County

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 91°50′58″W / 42.86500°N 91.84944°W / 42.86500; -91.84944