Fayette County, Ohio

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Not to be confused with Fayette, Ohio. ‹See Tfd›
Fayette County, Ohio
Washington Courthouse Ohio.jpg
Seal of Fayette County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1810[1]
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Washington Court House
Largest city Washington Court House
Area
 • Total 407.02 sq mi (1,054 km2)
 • Land 406.36 sq mi (1,052 km2)
 • Water 0.66 sq mi (2 km2), 0.16%
Population
 • (2010) 29,030
 • Density 71.4/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional districts 10th, 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.fayette-co-oh.com

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 29,030, which is an increase of 2.1% from 28,433 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Washington Court House.[3] The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette,[4] a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution, when established on March 1, 1810.

Fayette County comprises the Washington Court House, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 407.02 square miles (1,054.2 km2), of which 406.36 square miles (1,052.5 km2) (or 99.84%) is land and 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2) (or 0.16%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Fayette County was formed on March 1, 1810 from portions of Highland County and Ross County. It was named after Marie-Joseph Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician who took the side of the Colonials during the American Revolutionary War and who played an important role in the French Revolution.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,854
1820 6,316 240.7%
1830 8,182 29.5%
1840 10,984 34.2%
1850 12,726 15.9%
1860 15,935 25.2%
1870 17,170 7.8%
1880 20,364 18.6%
1890 22,309 9.6%
1900 21,725 −2.6%
1910 21,744 0.1%
1920 21,518 −1.0%
1930 20,755 −3.5%
1940 21,385 3.0%
1950 22,554 5.5%
1960 24,775 9.8%
1970 25,461 2.8%
1980 27,467 7.9%
1990 27,466 0.0%
2000 28,433 3.5%
2010 29,030 2.1%
Est. 2012 28,880 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 28,433 people, 11,054 households, and 7,837 families residing in the county. The population density was 70 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 11,904 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.60% White, 2.07% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,054 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,735, and the median income for a family was $43,692. Males had a median income of $31,870 versus $22,662 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,063. About 7.70% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Fayette County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

† Greenfield is partly in Highland and Ross counties.
‡ New Holland is partly in Pickaway County.

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Fayette County Airport is a general aviation facility owned by the county and located northeast of the city of Washington Court House.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fayette County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Fayette County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 194. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 39°34′N 83°27′W / 39.56°N 83.45°W / 39.56; -83.45