|Motto: "A History with a Future."|
Location in Fayette County and the state of Georgia
|Established||March 28, 1822|
|• Mayor||Greg Clifton|
|• City Manager||Ray Gibson|
|• Total||10 sq mi (25.8 km2)|
|• Land||9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,030 ft (310 m)|
|• Density||1,114.8/sq mi (432.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0314089|
Fayetteville is a city developed along the Flint River in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 15,945. The city is the county seat of Fayette County. Fayetteville is located approximately 22 miles south of downtown Atlanta.
Fayetteville was founded in 1822 as seat of the newly formed Fayette County, organized from territory ceded by the Creek people under a treaty with the United States during the period of Indian removal. Both city and county were named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero, Marquis de Lafayette. Located along the Flint River, Fayetteville was incorporated as a town in 1823 and as a city in 1909.
This area was developed for cotton plantations, with labor provided by enslaved African Americans, who at one time comprised the majority of the county's population. Fayetteville became the trading town for the agricultural area. In the 20th century, as agriculture became more mechanized, many African-American workers left in the Great Migration to northern and midwestern industrial cities, which had more jobs and offered less oppressive social conditions.
As of the 2010 Census, there were 15,945 people, 6,006 households, and 4,264 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 55.0% White, 33.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 6.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.
Out of the 6,006 households, 39.7% had individuals under the age of 18. 51.8% of households were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59, and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city, the age distribution was 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 9.1% from 25 to 34, 15.4% from 35 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 54, 11.4% from 55 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. The population was 54.4% female and 45.6% male.
As of the most recent community survey, the median income for a household in the city was $62,037 and the median income for a family was $81,613. About 6.5% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
Fayette County School District
The Fayette County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of seventeen elementary schools, six middle schools, and six high schools. The district has 1,379 full-time teachers and over 20,756 students.
Points of interest
The Fayette County Courthouse, built in 1825, only four years after the county and town's founding, is the oldest surviving courthouse in Georgia. The courthouse sits in the center of the Fayetteville town square and today houses the local chamber of commerce and the Fayette County Development Authority.
The Holliday-Dorsey-Fife House, built in 1855 by John Stiles Holliday, uncle of the western gambler John Henry "Doc" Holliday.
Pride Gardens-Founded by gay advocate, Niles Carl, the garden is a memorial to those lost to AIDS in Georgia since 1980.
The Margaret Mitchell Library, built in 1948, is today the home of the Fayette County Historical Society and houses Civil War and genealogical records.
Fun Junction USA, formerly Dixieland Fun Park, established in 1990, is the third largest amusement park in Georgia and has received awards for their annual Halloween festival. In 2011, a lawsuit filed by an African American employee prompted the NAACP to boycott the park after the owners were accused of racial profiling. The owner, John Williams, was accused of using racial epithets in reference to black go kart operators in 2013, resulting in a lawsuit.
Pinewood Atlanta Studios—owned and operated by the famed Pinewood Studios in London, GB—is located in Fayetteville. The film and television production studio, largest in the United States outside the state of California, opened in 2014.
- Big Boi, rapper/actor
- Chris Benoit, professional wrestler
- Nancy Benoit, former Professional wrestling manager
- Creflo Dollar, televangelist
- Hugh M. Dorsey, governor of Georgia
- Emmanuel Lewis, actor
- Ann Nesby, Grammy award winning singer/actress
- William Regal, English professional wrestler
- Ferrol Sams, author
- Khosrow Vaziri, former professional wrestler using the stage name "Iron Sheik"
- Gary Anthony Williams, star of "Special Agent Oso" on Disney Channel
- Keshia Knight Pulliam, actress, "The Cosby Show," "Tyler Perry's House of Payne"
- Kandi Burruss, former Xscape member
- Speech (rapper), lead of Arrested Development (group)
- Paul Orndorff, professional wrestler
- Tyler Perry, filmmaker, playwright, actor
- Anna Watson, "The World's Strongest Cheerleader"
- Kelley O'Hara, Professional soccer player for the USWNT
- Brandon Boykin, Professional football player for the Philadelphia Eagles
- Matthew Daniels, Professional football player for the St. Louis Rams
- Christopher Massey Actor, Musician, Director, Film Producer
- Kyle Massey Actor, Musician, Dancing with the Stars
- Paris Bennett American Idol Season 5: Fifth Place Finalist
- Zac Brown Grammy Award Winning Country Music Star
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Fayetteville, Georgia facts
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 229. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- , American FactFinder
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 9, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 9, 2010.
- City of Fayetteville
- Fayetteville Downtown Development Authority
- Fayette County Development Authority