Fayetteville town Square
|Motto: Where tradition meets tomorrow|
Location of Fayetteville, Tennessee
|• Mayor||Jon Law|
|• Total||7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)|
|• Land||7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||952.2/sq mi (367.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1647829|
Fayetteville is a city in and the county seat of Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 6,994 at the 2000 census, at the 2010 census the population was 6,827 and a census estimate from 2012 showed 7,072.
Fayetteville is the largest city in Lincoln County. The city was established in 1809 by an Act of the General Assembly of Tennessee, which met in Knoxville, TN. The act became effective on January 1, 1810.
Before Fayetteville’s establishment, the lands that make up Lincoln County were under the control of North Carolina. These lands had been ceded to the United States by the Cherokee and Chickasaw Indians in 1806.
The city was named for Fayetteville, North Carolina, where some of its earliest residence had lived before moving to Tennessee. The earlier town was named for Marquis de Lafayette, a general who fought for the United States during the American Revolution. Lincoln County was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, second in command of the U.S. Army at the end of the Revolutionary War.
The earliest white settler was Ezekiel Norris, who gave the one hundred acres upon which the city was built. In addition to Ezekiel Norris, other founding fathers of Fayetteville include: Alexander and Andrew Greer, William Edmonson, and Matthew Buchanan.
In 1995, the International Gospel Hour radio broadcast, founded in Texarkana, Texas, by the clergyman V. E. Howard was transferred to the West Fayetteville church of Christ in Fayetteville under the minister Winford Claiborne.
Old Stone Bridge
One of the most famous landmarks of Fayetteville is the remains of the Stone Bridge, commonly known by the locals of Fayetteville as the “Old Stone Bridge”. It was in 1860 that John Markum and Patrick Flannery, the architects and contractors, began the building of the bridge. The bridge, consisting of six arches, was completed in January 1862 with a final cost of $40,000. In 1863, the bridge was ordered burned by General Sherman, but this order was disobeyed because the river was easily forded at the base of the bridge. Despite being saved this time, the bridge did eventually collapse due to flooding in 1969, after having stood for 108 years.
The Court House
Camp Blount Monument
The Camp Blount marker is found on the side of the road outside of Wal-Mart shopping center. In 1998 the highway marker was put on the highway where Camp Blount was located to tell what happened at this site.
Camp Blount was located along the Elk River and was a meeting point for the Tennessee soldiers who were serving under General Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813-1814. Camp Blount also was a meeting point for soldiers during the Seminole Wars in 1818 and 1836, and for both Confederate and Federal troops during the Civil War.
Fayetteville is located at (35.152750, -86.571356).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), all land.
Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
|Climate data for Fayetteville, Tennessee|
|Average high °C (°F)||9
|Average low °C (°F)||−3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||132
|Source: Weatherbase |
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,994 people, 3,054 households, and 1,804 families residing in the city. The population density was 952.2 people per square mile (367.9/km²). There were 3,370 housing units at an average density of 458.8 per square mile (177.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.39% White, 26.22% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.
There were 3,054 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 76.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,830, and the median income for a family was $32,477. Males had a median income of $26,957 versus $22,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,391. About 15.1% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.
Lincoln County Fair
The Lincoln County Fair grounds are located in Fayetteville Tennessee. The Lincoln County Fair Association was issued its charter in 1906 and is a nonprofit organization with all profits going back into maintaining the fair grounds. In 1980, the fair became a District Fair, serving five counties and paying over $10,000 in agriculture premiums.
As far back as 1889, there are records for the harness horse racing that takes place still today at the fairgrounds. The racetrack was made of red clay until 1978 when it was converted to an all weather track by grading it and covering it in limestone dust. Other elements of the fair include a demolition derby, rides, such as ferris wheel, bumper cars, etc., food venders, a cattle showing, pageants, art competition, and concerts.
- Bob Higgins, professional baseball player
- Frank Kelso, admiral in the U.S. Navy.
- Anthony Shelton, NFL and CFL player
- Rick Dempsey, former professional baseball player
- Kelly Holcomb, former NFL quarterback
- Edward Townsend, co-wrote “Let’s Get It On” with Marvin Gaye
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Forrester, Charlette; Stevenson, Jean; Whisemant, Dora; Throneberry, Pat (2005). Heritage of Lincoln County Tennessee. Waynesville, NC: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
- "Verna Elisha Howard (1911-2000)". therestorationmovement.com. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- "County Courthouse", Fayetteville Main Street
- Kanon, Tom (2001). "Camp Blount, Public Memory, and the Paving of History". Tennessee Historical Quarterly.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Fayetteville, Tennessee
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on July 13, 2013.
- "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Lindquist, Patricia (c. 1994). The pictorial history of Fayetteville & Lincoln County, Tennessee. Virginia Beach, Va. : Donning Co. ISBN 0898659264.
- United States Navy-Admiral Frank Kelso
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fayetteville, Tennessee.|
- Official website of Fayetteville.