Male voters in Switzerland voted overwhelmingly against allowing women the right to vote, by a margin of 654,924 to 323,306. It was not until 1971 that Swiss women were granted full suffrage. The cantons of Vaud and Neuchâtel approved women voting in local elections.
Schools in Norfolk and Arlington County, Virginia, integrated peacefully, as 21 African American students began classes at formerly all-white schools. At Stratford Middle School, with 1,076 white and 4 black pupils, in Arlington, there were fewer absences than usual despite threats of a boycott, and white students volunteered to escort the new students to class. In Norfolk, 7,000 of 10,000 students, including 17 African-Americans, returned to senior and junior highs after four months of attending private schools or being tutored.
The U.S. State Department released tapes that showed that Soviet jets had shot down an unarmed American C-130 transport plane on September 2, 1958. Transmissions between the two fighter planes, identified as "201" and "218", had been intercepted in Turkey. The Soviets denounced the tapes as a "clumsy fake". On the same day, Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev invited U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower to visit Moscow, adding that he could bring anyone, and go anywhere, he chose. In his speech, Khrushchev referred to the Secretary of State and said,"Mr. Dulles, if you so desire, then for the sake of ending the Cold War, we are even prepared to admit your victory in this war that is unwanted by the peoples. Regard yourselves, gentlemen, as victors in this war, but end it quickly." 
The title E-1 for Air Force personnel was revised from Basic Airman to Airman Basic.
Jack Kilby, working for Texas Instruments, filed for a patent for the first integrated circuit, which was granted as U.S. Patent 3,138,743 on June 23, 1964. Kilby had recorded his inspiration on July 24, 1958, writing "The following circuit elements could be made on single slice: resistors, capacitor, distributed capacitor, transistor" and put these on a silicon wafer.
After spending a record 64 days, 22 hours and 21 minutes aloft, two fliers landed their Cessna 172 in Las Vegas. Pilot John Cook and businessman Bob Timm had taken off on December 4, 1958, and on January 23, had broken the previous record of 50 days. They refueled twice each day at Blythe, California, from a truck that would drive 90 miles per hour (140 km/h) beneath the plane.
Former SS Colonel Sepp Dietrich was released from prison in Munich after serving half of a sentence for assisting in the execution of high ranking German officers in 1934.
The first ICBM, the R-7 Semyorka missile, became operational at Plesetsk in the Soviet Union. The missile, capable of hitting targets at a range of 12,000 kilometres (7,500 mi) was first tested on December 15, 1959.
The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South was created as a British protectorate on the Arabian peninsula, with a merger of the states of Audhali, Beihan, Dhala, Fadhli, Lower Yafa, and Upper Aulaqi.
The United States Weather Bureau released a report that concluded "that the world is in the midst of a long-term warming trend", based on data gathered in Antarctica. Dr. H.E. Landsberg, director of the bureau's office of climatology, said that the cause of the global warming was unknown, but added "One theory is that the change is man-made, that a blanket of carbon dioxide given off by the burning of coal and oil retards the radiation of heat by the earth." 
In Guatemala, President Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes acted to put down an Indian uprising that had been organized by his opponent Raul Estuardo Lorenzana. Ydiogras would later write in his 1963 autobiography My War with Communism that the rebellion was the first of several Communist Cuban plots against his government.
Police in New York City concluded what was, at the time, the second-largest drug bust in American history, arresting 27 people between 8:30 Saturday night at 5:00 Sunday morning, and seizing 32 pounds (15 kg) of heroin with a "street value of $3,660,800". A January 1958 roundup in Elmont, New York, had netted 35 pounds (16 kg) and 17 arrests.
Nine persons in a single car were killed when their vehicle was hit head-on by another vehicle on United States Highway 281 south of Alamo, Texas. The driver of the other vehicle, whose speedometer was frozen at 80 miles (130 km) per hour after the collision, also died.
Adnan Menderes, the Prime Minister of Turkey, was among 20 people on board an airplane en route from Rome to London and crashed on its approach to Gatwick Airport. Menderes was scheduled to meet with Prime Ministers Macmillan of Britain and Karamanlis of Greece for an agreement concerning the island of Cyprus. Menderes survived the crash, but was deposed the following year and executed on September 17, 1961.
The Douglas DC-8 30 Series, a longer range version of the DC-8 passenger jet, made its first flight.
"On the Sidewalk", John Updike's parody of On the Road, was published in the New Yorker.
The Ben Hecht Show, a live television program on New York's WABC-TV, was cancelled permanently after Hecht's guest, surrealist painter Salvador Dalí, used the word "orgasm" in an interview. Ben Hecht, a screenwriter whom Mike Wallace described as "a trifle profane" on the air, had already been in trouble with the station. Wallace would later describe the episode as "the 'Orgasm and Out!' show" 
It was reported that the United States might put a man into space as early as February 26, with Scott Crossfield, a test pilot for North American Aviation, flying the X-15 to a point 200 miles (320 km) above the Earth. The X-15 would be carried to 40,000 feet (12,000 m) abe Wendover Air Force Base by a B-52 jet, then separate and ignite rocket fuel to climb into space. Crossfield was one of seven X-15 astronauts, as was Neil A. Armstrong. The X-15 was tested in March 1959, but was not launched into space.
In San Luis, Mexico, seven children were killed, and 23 people injured, when a packed grandstand collapsed during a school festival.
The pilot of an American Airlines flight from Newark to Detroit reported that he and 35 passengers saw flying saucers. Captain Peter Killian, a 15 year veteran pilot, said that the objects were spotted over Pennsylvania at 8:45 and paralleled the DC-6's path for 45 minutes. Other pilots reported by radio that they had seen the craft as well.
The Navy destroyer USS Roy O. Hale intercepted and boarded a Russian fishing trawler off of Newfoundland, "to check whether it was responsible for damage five days earlier to five transatlantic cables". The Novorossisk, with a crew of 54, was released after a five-man team conducted an inspection.
In Boston, the Celtics beat the Lakers (at that time a Minneapolis team) 173 to 139 for the highest score by a team in a regulation NBA game; and, at the time, the highest ever for a losing team. NBA President Maurice Podoloff said that he would ask officials of both teams whether the players were faithfully defending, or just "goofing off". The record was tied on November 10, 1990, by Phoenix Suns (173–145 vs. Denver) for highest number of points in a regulation game. The record, set in overtime on December 13, 1983, is Detroit 186, Denver 184.
The wreckage of the American B-24 bomber Lady Be Good, was found nearly 16 years after the plane had crashed in the Libyan desert. The Lady Be Good and its crew of nine had become lost on April 4, 1943 while returning from a bombing raid during World War II, and then had to ditch in the desert sands. The men had died of thirst and exposure within a few days, and the bodies would be located a year later, on February 11, 1960.
At 1:49 PST, Discoverer 1 was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base to serve as a "north–south polar satellite". The launch was actually the first of the Project CORONAreconnaissance satellites used by the CIA to spy on the Soviet Union. The first launch, and the next 11, were failures. A declassified CIA report concluded that "Today, most people believe the DISCOVERER I landed somewhere near the South Pole." 
^"Last Male Haven", Winnipeg Free Press, February 2, 1959, p1; Robert W. Jackman and Ross A. Miller, Before Norms: Institutions and Civic Culture (University of Michigan Press, 2004), p153
^"Schools Calm At Virginia Integration", Oakland Tribune, February 2, 1959, p1
^"At Surf", Mason City (Ia.) Globe-Gazette, January 31, 1959, p14. A photograph of Holly included the caption, "Buddy Holly, twice a guest on The Ed Sullivan Show, will be appearing with his group at the Surf Ballroom Monday evening. Holly's vocal recordings of 'Peggy Sue', 'Early in the Morning', 'Heartbeat' and others have made him a popular in-person attraction." [surfballroom.com/surfhistory.html| Surf Ballroom History]
^Ron Owens, Medal of Honor: Historical Facts & Figures (Turner Publishing Company, 2004), p96
^"19 Dead, 265 Hurt in St. Louis Tornado", Oakland Tribune, February 10, 1959, p1
^"Fidel Castro In Power as Cuba Premier", Oakland Tribune, February 14, 1959, p1
^"World in Midst of Warming Trend", Oakland Tribune, February 15, 1959, p1
^Robert L. Scheina, Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Professional Soldier, 1900–2001 (Brassey's 2003) p461
^"27 Big Fry Arrested in Dope Raids", Syracuse Herald-Journal, February 16, 1959, p28
^"10 Killed in 2-Car Crash On Rain-Slick Vallev Road", San Antonio Express, February 16, 1959, p1
^"'Weather' Vanguard Satellite Put in Orbit", Oakland Tribune, February 17, 1959, p1
^"12 Die, Turk CHief Safe in Plane Crash", Oakland Tribune, February 17, 1959, p1
^"Nepal Casts Vote For First Time", Oakland Tribune, February 18, 1959, p2
^"Debbie Divorced; 'Triangle' Blamed", Oakland Tribune, February 19, 1959, p1
^"Platform Falls Down Shaft; 17 Die", Oakland Tribune, February 21, 1959, p1
^Gunter Endres, The Illustrated Directory of Modern Commercial Aircraft (Zenith Imprint, 2001), p392
^James Campbell, This Is the Beat Generation: New York-San Francisco-Paris (University of California Press, 2001), p272
^Emily Toth, Inside Peyton Place (Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2000), pp215–16
^"U.S. Ready To Fire Man Into Space", Oakland Tribune, February 22, 1959, p1
^Gerland Home, Black and Red: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War, 1944–1963 (SUNY Press, 1986), pp324–25
^"7 Pupils Die as Grandstand Falls", Oakland Tribune, February 25, 1959, p3
^AP report, "Three 'Saucers' Follow Airliner", from Ironwood (Mich.) Daily Globe, February 25, 1959, p1; Leonard G. Cramp, UFOs and Anti-Gravity: Piece for a Jig-Saw (Adventures Unlimited Press, 1997), pp143–45
^Avner Cohen, Israel and the Bomb (Columbia University Press, 1999), pp62–63
^"British Jail Hundreds in Rhodesia", Oakland Tribune, February 26, 1959, p2
^"No U.S. Apology For Ship Boarding", Oakland Tribune, February 27, 1959, p1
^"NBA President Will Probe Celtics' 173 to 139 Triumph", Oakland Tribune, February 28, 1959, p13
^Mario Martinez, Lady's Men: The Story of World War Ii's Mystery Bomber and Her Crew (Naval Institute Press, 1999) p85
^Clayton K. S. Chun, Thunder Over the Horizon: From V-2 Rockets to Ballistic Missiles (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006), pp74–75
^David L. Hancock, Corona: America's First Satellite Program, By CIA Cold War Records, (Morgan James Publishing, LLC, 2005), p16