The African and Malagasy Common Organization (OCAM) (Organization Commune Africaine et Malgache) is formed as successor to the Afro-Malagasy Union for Economic Cooperation (Union Africaine et Malgache de Cooperation Economique; UAMCE), formerly the African and Malagasy Union (Union Africaine et Malgache; UAM)).
Died:Humberto Delgado, 58, Portuguese air force commander, murdered along with his Brazilian secretary, Arajaryr Moreira de Campos, in an ambush by the Salazar regime's secret police (PIDE) near the border town of Olivenza.
Three prominent public officials in the Republic of the Congo, Lazare Matsocota (prosecutor of the Republic), Joseph Pouabou (president of the Supreme Court) and Massouémé Anselme (director of the Congolese Information Agency), are kidnapped. They are later found dead.
Vung Ro Bay Incident: 1st Lt. James S. Bowers, a United States Army officer flying a MEDEVAC helicopter along the coast of central South Vietnam spots a naval trawler camouflaged with trees and bushes. The 130-foot North Vietnamese trawler is sunk, leading to the discovery of 100 tons of Soviet and Chinese-made war material, including 3,500 to 4,000 rifles and submachine guns, one million rounds of small arms ammunition, 1,500 grenades, 2,000 mortar rounds, and 500 pounds of explosives.
A fire breaks out on the Dutch cargo ship MV Sophocles, when its cargo of fertilizer ignites. The ship later capsizes and sinks in the Atlantic, with three of her 44 crew reported missing. Another Dutch ship, MV Ulysees, rescues the 41 survivors.
In Australia, Freedom Ride participants including Charles Perkins are ejected from the municipal swimming baths at Moree, New South Wales, after protesting against its policy of not admitting Aborigines.
Died:Malcolm X, 39, African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. Malcolm X was shot multiple times by three assailants while preparing to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom.