February 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 22 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Feb. 24

All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 8 (March 7 on leap years) by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For February 23rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 10.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox saints[edit]

New martyrs and confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Michael Edlinsky, Archpriest, of Kiev (1937)[1][note 16] (see also: November 17)
  • New Hieromartyr Alexis Nikolsky, Priest (1938)[11][13]
  • New Hieromartyr Nicholas Dimitrov, Priest (1938)[11][13]
  • New Hieromartyr Michael Razhkin, Priest (1938)[13]
  • Martyr Sergius Borodavkin (1938)[11][13]
  • New Hieromartyr Sergius (Bukashkin), Hieromonk, of Novo-Alexandrovka, Moscow (1938)[1]
  • New Hieromartyr Antipas (Kyrillov), hieromonk, of Tatarintsevo, Moscow (1938)[1]
  • New Hieromartyr Philaret (Pryakhin), Abbot, of Trubino, Tver (1942)[1]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Polycarp (Πολύκαρπος).
  3. ^ "At Sirmium, St. Sirenus, monk and martyr. By order of the emperor Maximian, he was arrested and beheaded, for confessing that he was a Christian. In the same place, the birthday of seventy-two holy martyrs, who ended the combat of martyrdom in that city, and took possession of the everlasting kingdom."[6]
  4. ^ Gregory the Theologian eulogized Saint Gorgonia as "The Diamond of Her Sex".
  5. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Polychronius (Πολυχρόνιος)'
    • Polychronia (Πολυχρονία).
  6. ^ Of Calabrian parentage, he was born in Sicily, where his mother had been taken as a slave by the Saracens. He managed to escape to Calabria while still a child and there became a monk. Theristos, meaning harvester, refers to a miraculous harvest reaped by the saint.[23]
    In December 1994, the Regional Council of Calabria unanimously declared the Byzantine area located between the rivers Stilaro and Aces sacred, in order to allow for the re-establishment of Orthodox monasticism. Thus the Monastery of San Giovanni Theristis was founded. On 24 February 1995, the City of Bivongi officially handed over the Monastery to the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy, thus contributing to the restoration of the ancient ties made between monasticism on Athos and Italo-Greek monasticism. From 1994 until mid-2008 Greek-Orthodox monks from Mount Athos, Greece were living in the monastery praying, studying and working. On July 2008, the city council took the monastery from the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Currently the monks residing there are of the Patriarchate of Romania.[24]
  7. ^ "In the city of Astorga, St. Martha, virgin and martyr, under the emperor Decius, and the proconsul Paternus."[6] Her relics are enshrined at Ribas de Sil and Ters.
  8. ^ "At Rome, St. Polycarp, priest, who with blessed Sebastian converted many to the faith of Christ, and by his exhortations led them to the glory of martyrdom."[6]
  9. ^ "At Todi, St. Romana, virgin, who was baptized by pope St. Sylvester. She led a heavenly life in caves and dens, and wrought glorious miracles."[6]
  10. ^ He was bishop for over forty years during which time he was occupied in fighting Arianism and other heresies.
  11. ^ His relics were enshrined at Bury St Edmunds in England.
  12. ^ Saints Cuthbert and Egbert were among his monks. Both admired him greatly, as did St Bede. His favourite reading was the Gospel of St John.
  13. ^ The elder sister of St Mildred of Minster-in-Thanet in England, and the second Abbess of Wenlock. Archbishop Theodore consecrated her as a nun. She had the gift of miracles and healing of the blind and lepers, as well as power over birds and the natural world.
  14. ^ The son of a wheelwright, he became a priest at Hildesheim in Germany. Two years later he became Archbishop of Mainz. Although a statesman, Willigis was first and foremost a churchman and always remained humble and charitable to others.
  15. ^ See: (Russian) Поликарп Брянский. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  16. ^ See: (Ukrainian) Едлінський Михайло. Вікіпедії. (Ukrainian Wikipedia).
  17. ^ This celebration was entered into the Menologion according to the resolution of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church on July 16, 2013.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r February 23 / March 8. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πολύκαρπος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Σμύρνης. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ Hieromartyr Polycarp the Bishop of Smyrna. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἑβδομήντα Τρεῖς Μάρτυρες. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 56-57.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κλήμης ὁ Μάρτυρας. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Θεὴ ἡ Μάρτυς. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Γοργονία ἀδελφὴ τοῦ Ἁγίου Γρηγορίου τοῦ Θεολόγου. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ St Gorgonia, sister of St Gregory the Theologian. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l March 8 / February 23. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  12. ^ Venerable Alexander the founder of the Monastery, of the “Unsleeping Ones”. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g (Russian) 23 февраля (ст.ст.) 8 марта 2014 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  14. ^ Venerable John, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  15. ^ Venerable Antiochus, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Ἰωάννης, Ἀντίοχος, Ἀντωνίνος καὶ Μωϋσῆς. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Venerable Moses, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ Venerable Zebinas, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. ^ Venerable Polychronius, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  20. ^ Venerable Moses, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Ζεβινᾶς, Πολυχρόνιος, Δαμιανὸς καὶ Μωϋσῆς. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Venerable Damian, Ascetic of the Syrian Deserts. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. ^ February 24. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  24. ^ (Italian) Monastero San Giovanni Theristis. Ortodossia Cristiana. Retrieved: 13 November, 2014.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k February 23. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  26. ^ a b Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p. 81-82.
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Δαμιανὸς ὁ Ἐσφιγμενίτης. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ Venerable Damian of Esphigmenou of Mt Athos. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Μωϋσῆς ἐκ Ρωσίας. 23 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ Monkmartyr Damian of Philotheou. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  31. ^ Venerable Polycarp of Briansk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. February. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources