Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland
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The Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland (FAC; German: Bundesverwaltungsgericht, French: Tribunal administratif fédéral, Italian: Tribunale amministrativo federale; Romansh: Tribunal administrativ federal) is the judicial authority to which decisions of the federal authorities of Switzerland can be appealed. The FAC's decisions can generally be appealed, in turn, to the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland.
The FAC was created with the federal judicial reform in 2005 to replace some thirty boards of appeal that exercised judicial oversight over the various departments of the federal administration. Up until 2007, the Swiss Federal Council, the supreme executive authority of Switzerland, also served as a final court of appeal in certain areas of administrative law. These judicial functions were also taken over by the FAC, ensuring that every decision of the administration can be reviewed in the last instance by an independent court of law.
The FAC is organised in five divisions with 72 judges in total:
- I: infrastructure, finance and personnel (16 judges)
- II: economy, education and competition (15 judges)
- III: foreigners, health and social security (13 judges)
- IV: asylum law (13 judges)
- V: asylum law (15 judges)
Notes and references
- Website of the FAC in German, French or Italian
- English language booklet on the FAC published by the Court
- Federal Law of 17 June 2005 on the Federal Administrative Court in German, French or Italian