Federal Civil Defense Administration

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FCDA Seal
FCDA Seal
FCDA Logo
Civil Defense Logo

The Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) was organized by President Harry S. Truman on 1 December 1950 through Executive Order 10186,[1] and became an official government agency via the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 on 12 January 1951.[2] In 1958 the FCDA was superseded by the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization when President Dwight D. Eisenhower merged the FCDA with the Office of Defense Mobilization.[3]

In its early years, the agency attempted to put forward a comprehensive nationwide plan for fallout shelters, but confusion over goals led to insufficient budgets passing Congress, and in later years, the agency focused on evacuation as a strategy.[2][3]

The FCDA was first headed by Millard Caldwell under Truman,[2] then Val Peterson (under Eisenhower).[4]

Background[edit]

See also: United States civil defense

The predecessor to the FCDA, the Office of Civilian Defense was abolished in June 1945 with the end of World War II. In the period between the end of the World War and 1949, when the Soviet Union detonated their first atomic weapon, little was given to the topic of civil defense. After the Soviets demonstration of their first atomic weapon there was a feeling of the need to do something throughout both the American public and government.[5] This lead to, among many actions, the creation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by President Harry S. Truman in 1950.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Executive Order 10186". Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Civil Defense: The Truman Administration (Entry 0113) from The Electronic Encyclopaedia of Civil Defense and Emergency Management edited by Walter G. Green III
  3. ^ a b Civil Defense: The Eisenhower Administration (Entry 0107) from The Electronic Encyclopaedia of Civil Defense and Emergency Management edited by Walter G. Green III
  4. ^ THE FEDERAL CIVIL DEFENSE AGENCY (FCDA) WOMEN DEFEND THE NATION (1950) from The Cold War Museum
  5. ^ "Laura McEnaney on: The Federal Civil Defense Administration". PBS. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "CIVIL DEFENSE: THE TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION". richmond.edu. Retrieved 7 October 2013.