Federal Criminal Police Office (Germany)
|Federal Criminal Police Office
|Main logo of the BKA|
|Formed||March 15, 1951|
|Preceding agency||Criminal Police Office for the British Zone|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Legal jurisdiction||As per operations jurisdiction.|
|Constituting instrument||Law on the Establishment of the Federal Criminal Police Office (German: BKA Gesetz)|
|Agency executive||Jörg Ziercke, President|
|Reference for infobox data|
The Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (in German: Bundeskriminalamt (help·info), abbreviated BKA (help·info)) is the federal investigative police agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Federal Ministry of the Interior. It is headquartered in Wiesbaden, Hesse, and maintains major branch offices in Berlin and Meckenheim near Bonn. It is headed by Jörg Ziercke since 2004.
Primary jurisdiction of the agency includes coordinating cooperation between the federation and state police forces; investigating cases of international organized crime, terrorism and other cases related to national security; counterterrorism; the protection of members of the constitutional institutions, and of federal witnesses. When requested by the respective state authorities or the federal minister of the interior, it also assumes responsibility for investigations in certain large-scale cases. Furthermore, the Attorney General of Germany can direct it to investigate cases of special public interest.
The Federal Criminal Police Office was founded in Germany in 1951. From the very beginning it was dominated by former SS leaders (the SS, along with the Nazi Party, was declared a criminal organization by the International Military Tribunal, and officially banned in Germany after 1945). The first leaders were the former SS-Members Paul Dickopf and Rolf Holle. They employed a majority of former SS and Nazi-Party members. Even in 1959 two thirds of the leading officials of the Office were former SS-leaders, 75% were former supporters / members of the Nazi-party (NSDAP). Only two of 47 leading officials of the German Federal Criminal Police Office had no Nazi background.
The BKA's missions include:
- Coordinating cooperation between the federation and state police forces (especially state criminal investigation authorities) and with foreign investigative authorities.
- Collecting and analyzing criminal intelligence, managing the INPOL (de) database of all important crimes and criminals.
- Investigating cases of terrorism or other areas of political motivated crime, as well as narcotics, weapons and financial/economical crime.
- Protection of federal witnesses.
- Acting as a clearing house for identifying and cataloging images and information on victims of child sexual exploitation, similar to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children in the United States.
The BKA provides assistance to the states in forensic matters, research and organized crime investigations. It is Germany's national central bureau for the European Police Office (Europol), International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol), Schengen Information System, and the German criminal Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS).
The DVI-Team (in German: Identifizierungskommission or more common IDKO) is an event driven organisation of mainly forensic specialists dedicated to identification of disaster victims. The DVI's past missions include several airplane crashes, the Eschede train disaster and the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
The Close Protection Group protects the members of Germany's constitutional bodies and their foreign guests of state and is often the most visible part of the BKA. Specially selected and trained officers with special equipment and vehicles provide round-the-clock personal security to those they protect. The Protection Group is now headquartered in Berlin.
Approximately 5,200 BKA personnel operate nationwide and (e.g. as liaison officers) in 60 countries around the globe.
- Dr. Max Hagemann (1951–1952)
- Dr. Hanns Jess (1952–1955)
- Reinhard Dullien (1955–1964)
- Paul Dickopf (1965–1971)
- Horst Herold (1971 – March 1981)
- Heinrich Boge (March 1981 – 1990)
- Hans-Ludwig Zachert (1990 – April 1996)
- Klaus Ulrich Kersten (April 1996 – February 26, 2004)
- Jörg Ziercke (since February 26, 2004)
Treptowers in Berlin with offices of the BKA
- "The Bundeskriminalamt – The Profile". Bundeskriminalamt – Public Relations. Retrieved 2008-04-07.[dead link]
- "Law on the Federal Criminal Office and on the Cooperation of the Federation and the States in Criminal Police Matters, (German: Gesetz über das Bundeskriminalamt und die Zusammenarbeit des Bundes und der Länder in kriminalpolizeilichen Angelegenheiten)". Federal Ministry of Justice website (in German). Retrieved 2013-05-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bundeskriminalamt.|
- BKA official website (English)