Federal electoral districts of Mexico

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The federal electoral districts (Spanish: distritos electorales federales) of Mexico are the 300 constituencies or electoral districts into which Mexico is divided for the purpose of federal elections. Each district returns one federal deputy (diputado), who sits in the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados), the lower house of the Federal Congress. An additional 200 deputies are elected by proportional representation.

Electoral districts are identified by Roman numerals and by federal entity (state or the Federal District). The number of electoral districts was set at 300 in 1979, when the number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies was increased from 196. The demarcation of the districts depends on the results of the previous electoral census, and adjustments to the 1979 districts were made in 1996 and 2005.

Irrespective of population, no state may be represented by fewer than two electoral districts. This is the case with Baja California Sur (population: 512,000), Campeche (population: 755,000) and Colima (population: 568,000), which, as a result, return more senators than deputies to Congress. The states with the most electoral districts are the state of México (population: 14 million), with 40, and Veracruz (population: 7.1 m), with 21. The Federal District, with a population of 8.8 m, has 27.

On 11 February 2005, the Federal Electoral Institute established the districts to be used in the 2006 general election and the 2009 mid-term election, in accordance with the following criteria:

  • Each district to belong to only one federal entity.
  • Balanced distribution of population between districts.
  • Presence of indigenous populations.
  • Geographical continuity.
  • Journey times.

Under this scheme, the current electoral districts are the following:

Electoral districts[edit]

The numbers indicate the number of districts in each federal entity for the 2006 and 2009 elections. MexicoDistritosElectorales2006.gif

Aguascalientes[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Aguascalientes Jesús María
II Federal Electoral District of Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
III Federal Electoral District of Aguascalientes Aguascalientes

Baja California[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Baja California Mexicali
II Federal Electoral District of Baja California Mexicali
III Federal Electoral District of Baja California Ensenada
IV Federal Electoral District of Baja California Tijuana
V Federal Electoral District of Baja California Tijuana
VI Federal Electoral District of Baja California Tijuana
VII Federal Electoral District of Baja California Mexicali
VIII Federal Electoral District of Baja California Tijuana

Baja California Sur[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Baja California Sur Santa Rosalía
II Federal Electoral District of Baja California Sur La Paz

Campeche[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Campeche Campeche
II Federal Electoral District of Campeche Ciudad del Carmen

Chiapas[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Palenque
II Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Bochil
III Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Ocosingo
IV Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Ocozocoautla de Espinosa
V Federal Electoral District of Chiapas San Cristóbal de las Casas
VI Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez
VII Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Tonalá
VIII Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Comitán
IX Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez
X Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Villaflores
XI Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Huixtla
XII Federal Electoral District of Chiapas Tapachula

Chihuahua[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez
II Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez
III Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez
IV Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez
V Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Delicias
VI Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Chihuahua
VII Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Cuauhtémoc
VIII Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Chihuahua
IX Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Hidalgo del Parral
X Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua Defunct as of 1996

Coahuila[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Piedras Negras
II Federal Electoral District of Coahuila San Pedro de las Colonias
III Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Monclova
IV Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Saltillo
V Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Torreón
VI Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Torreón
VII Federal Electoral District of Coahuila Saltillo

Colima[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Colima Colima
II Federal Electoral District of Colima Manzanillo

Distrito Federal[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Gustavo A. Madero
II Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Gustavo A. Madero
III Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Azcapotzalco
IV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztapalapa
V Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Tlalpan
VI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Gustavo A. Madero
VII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Gustavo A. Madero
VIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Cuauhtémoc
IX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Venustiano Carranza
X Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Miguel Hidalgo
XI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Venustiano Carranza
XII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Cuauhtémoc
XIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztacalco
XIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Tlalpan
XV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Benito Juárez
XVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Álvaro Obregón
XVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Cuajimalpa de Morelos
XVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztapalapa
XIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztapalapa
XX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztapalapa
XXI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Milpa Alta
XXII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Iztapalapa
XXIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Coyoacán
XXIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Coyoacán
XXV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Xochimilco
XXVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District La Magdalena Contreras
XXVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Tláhuac
XXVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 2005
XXIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 2005
XXX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 2005
XXXI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXV Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XXXIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996
XL Federal Electoral District of the Federal District Defunct as of 1996

Durango[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Durango Durango
II Federal Electoral District of Durango Gómez Palacio
III Federal Electoral District of Durango Guadalupe Victoria
IV Federal Electoral District of Durango Durango
V Federal Electoral District of Durango Defunct as of 2005
VI Federal Electoral District of Durango Defunct as of 1996

Guanajuato[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato San Luis de la Paz
II Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato San Miguel de Allende
III Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato León
IV Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Guanajuato
V Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato León
VI Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato León
VII Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato San Francisco del Rincón
VIII Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Salamanca
IX Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Irapuato
X Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Uriangato
XI Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Pénjamo
XII Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Celaya
XIII Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Valle de Santiago
XIV Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Acámbaro
XV Federal Electoral District of Guanajuato Defunct as of 2005

Guerrero[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Ciudad Altamirano
II Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Iguala
III Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Zihuatanejo
IV Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Acapulco
V Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Tlapa de Comonfort
VI Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Chilapa de Álvarez
VII Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Chilpancingo
VIII Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Ayutla de los Libres
IX Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Acapulco
X Federal Electoral District of Guerrero Defunct as of 2005

Hidalgo[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Huejutla
II Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Ixmiquilpan
III Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Actopan
IV Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Tulancingo
V Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Tula
VI Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Pachuca
VII Federal Electoral District of Hidalgo Tepeapulco

Jalisco[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Tequila
II Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Lagos de Moreno
III Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Tepatitlán
IV Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Zapopan
V Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Puerto Vallarta
VI Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Zapopan
VII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Tonalá
VIII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Guadalajara
IX Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Guadalajara
X Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Zapopan
XI Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Guadalajara
XII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Tlajomulco de Zúñiga
XIII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Guadalajara
XIV Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Guadalajara
XV Federal Electoral District of Jalisco La Barca
XVI Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Tlaquepaque
XVII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Jocotepec
XVIII Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Autlán de Navarro
XIX Federal Electoral District of Jalisco Ciudad Guzmán

State of México[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Jilotepec
II Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Teoloyucan
III Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Atlacomulco
IV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad Nicolás Romero
V Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Teotihuacán
VI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Coacalco
VII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Cuautitlán Izcalli
VIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Tultitlán
IX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ixtlahuaca
X Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ecatepec
XI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ecatepec
XII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ixtapaluca
XIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ecatepec
XIV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad López Mateos
XV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Tlalnepantla de Baz
XVI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ecatepec
XVII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ecatepec
XVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Huixquilucan
XIX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Tlalnepantla de Baz
XX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Naucalpan
XXII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Naucalpan
XXIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Valle de Bravo
XXIV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Naucalpan
XXV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Chimalhuacán
XXVI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Toluca
XXVII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Metepec
XXVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Zumpango
XXIX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXXI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXXII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Valle de Chalco Solidaridad
XXXIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Chalco
XXXIV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Toluca
XXXV Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Tenancingo
XXXVI Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Tejupilco
XXXVII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Cuautitlán
XXXVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Texcoco
XXXIX Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico La Paz
XL Federal Electoral District of the State of Mexico Zinacantepec

Michoacán[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Lázaro Cárdenas
II Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Puruándiro
III Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Zitácuaro
IV Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Jiquilpan
V Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Zamora de Hidalgo
VI Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Ciudad Hidalgo
VII Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Zacapú
VIII Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Morelia
IX Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Uruapan
X Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Morelia
XI Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Pátzcuaro
XII Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Apatzingán
XIII Federal Electoral District of Michoacán Defunct as of 2005

Morelos[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Morelos Cuernavaca
II Federal Electoral District of Morelos Jiutepec
III Federal Electoral District of Morelos Cuautla
IV Federal Electoral District of Morelos Jojutla
V Federal Electoral District of Morelos Yautepec

Nayarit[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Nayarit Santiago Ixcuintla
II Federal Electoral District of Nayarit Tepic
III Federal Electoral District of Nayarit Compostela

Nuevo León[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Santa Catarina
II Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Apodaca
III Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León General Escobedo
IV Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León San Nicolás de los Garza
V Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Monterrey
VI Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Monterrey
VII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Monterrey
VIII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Guadalupe
IX Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Linares
X Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Monterrey
XI Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Guadalupe
XII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo León Cadereyta de Jiménez

Oaxaca[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Tuxtepec
II Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Teotitlán del Camino
III Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Huajuapan de León
IV Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Tlacolula de Matamoros
V Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Santo Domingo Tehuantepec
VI Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Heroica Ciudad de Tlaxiaco
VII Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Juchitán de Zaragoza
VIII Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Oaxaca de Juárez
IX Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Zimatlán de Álvarez
X Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz
XI Federal Electoral District of Oaxaca Santiago Pinotepa Nacional

Puebla[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Puebla Huauchinango
II Federal Electoral District of Puebla Zacatlán
III Federal Electoral District of Puebla Teziutlán
IV Federal Electoral District of Puebla Zacapoaxtla
V Federal Electoral District of Puebla San Martín Texmelucan
VI Federal Electoral District of Puebla Puebla de Zaragoza
VII Federal Electoral District of Puebla Tepeaca
VIII Federal Electoral District of Puebla Ciudad Serdán
IX Federal Electoral District of Puebla Puebla de Zaragoza
X Federal Electoral District of Puebla San Pedro Cholula
XI Federal Electoral District of Puebla Puebla de Zaragoza
XII Federal Electoral District of Puebla Puebla de Zaragoza
XIII Federal Electoral District of Puebla Atlixco
XIV Federal Electoral District of Puebla Izúcar de Matamoros
XV Federal Electoral District of Puebla Tehuacán
XVI Federal Electoral District of Puebla Ajalpan

Querétaro[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Querétaro Cadereyta de Montes
II Federal Electoral District of Querétaro San Juan del Río
III Federal Electoral District of Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro
IV Federal Electoral District of Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro

Quintana Roo[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Quintana Roo Playa del Carmen
II Federal Electoral District of Quintana Roo Chetumal
III Federal Electoral District of Quintana Roo Cancún

San Luis Potosí[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí Matehuala
II Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí Soledad de Graciano Sánchez
III Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí Rioverde
IV Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí Ciudad Valles
V Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
VI Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
VII Federal Electoral District of San Luis Potosí Tamazunchale

Sinaloa[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa El Fuerte
II Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Los Mochis
III Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Guamúchil
IV Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Guasave
V Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Culiacán
VI Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Mazatlán
VII Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Culiacán
VIII Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Mazatlán
IX Federal Electoral District of Sinaloa Defunct

Sonora[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Sonora San Luis Río Colorado
II Federal Electoral District of Sonora Nogales
III Federal Electoral District of Sonora Hermosillo
IV Federal Electoral District of Sonora Guaymas
V Federal Electoral District of Sonora Hermosillo
VI Federal Electoral District of Sonora Ciudad Obregón
VII Federal Electoral District of Sonora Navojoa

Tabasco[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Macuspana
II Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Heroica Cárdenas
III Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Comalcalco
IV Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Villahermosa
V Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Paraíso
VI Federal Electoral District of Tabasco Villahermosa

Tamaulipas[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Nuevo Laredo
II Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Reynosa
III Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Río Bravo
IV Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Heroica Matamoros
V Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Ciudad Victoria
VI Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Ciudad Mante
VII Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Ciudad Madero
VIII Federal Electoral District of Tamaulipas Tampico

Tlaxcala[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Tlaxcala Apizaco
II Federal Electoral District of Tlaxcala Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
III Federal Electoral District of Tlaxcala Zacatelco

Veracruz[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Pánuco
II Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Tantoyuca
III Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Tuxpan
IV Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Veracruz
V Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Poza Rica de Hidalgo
VI Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Papantla
VII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Martínez de la Torre
VIII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Xalapa
IX Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Coatepec
X Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Xalapa
XI Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Coatzacoalcos
XII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Veracruz
XIII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Huatusco
XIV Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Minatitlán
XV Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Orizaba
XVI Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Córdoba
XVII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Cosamaloapan
XVIII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Zongolica
XIX Federal Electoral District of Veracruz San Andrés Tuxtla
XX Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Acayucan
XXI Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Cosoleacaque
XXII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Defunct as of 2005
XXIII Federal Electoral District of Veracruz Defunct as of 2005

Yucatán[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Yucatán Valladolid
II Federal Electoral District of Yucatán Progreso
III Federal Electoral District of Yucatán Mérida
IV Federal Electoral District of Yucatán Mérida
V Federal Electoral District of Yucatán Ticul

Zacatecas[edit]

District Head town
I Federal Electoral District of Zacatecas Fresnillo
II Federal Electoral District of Zacatecas Jerez
III Federal Electoral District of Zacatecas Zacatecas
IV Federal Electoral District of Zacatecas Guadalupe
V Federal Electoral District of Zacatecas Defunct as of 2005

See also[edit]

External links[edit]