Federal Employees' Compensation Act

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The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), is a United States federal law, enacted on September 7, 1916.[1][2][3] Sponsored by Sen. John W. Kern (D) of Indiana and Rep. Daniel J. McGillicuddy (D) of Maine, it established compensation to federal civil service employees for wages lost due to job-related injuries.[1][3] This act became the precedent for "disability insurance" across the country and the precursor to broad-coverage health insurance.[citation needed]

President Woodrow Wilson signed H.R. 15316 into law on September 7, 1916.[citation needed]

The Federal Employees' Compensation Commission was the original administrator of the FECA. However, the Commission did not exist at the time the FECA went into effect and claims accumulated for more than six months while members were selected and sworn into office. The Federal Employees' Compensation Commission officially began its duties on March 14, 1917. The Commission was abolished on May 16, 1946 by President Harry S. Truman as part of the Reorganization Act of 1939. Its duties were transferred to the Federal Security Agency on July 16, 1946.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Summary of the Major Laws of the Department of Labor". U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  2. ^ "Kern–McGillicuddy Act (See Federal Employees' Compensation Act (1916))". Documents Collection Center – Yale Law School. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  3. ^ a b "The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA)". U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  4. ^ Nordlund, W. J. (1991). "The Federal Employees' Compensation Act. (Cover story)". Monthly Labor Review 114 (9): 3–13.