Federal Identity Program
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The Federal Identity Program (FIP) is the Canadian government's corporate identity program. The purpose of the FIP is to clearly identify each program and service of the government or the government of Canada in general. Managed by the Treasury Board Secretariat, this program, and the government's communication policy, help to shape the public image of the government. In general, logos – or, in the parlance of the policy, visual identifiers – used by government departments other than those specified in the FIP must be approved by the Treasury Board.
In 1969, the Official Languages Act was established to ensure the equality of English and French in all federal jurisdictions. That same year, a task force found that the Canadian government was conveying a confused image to the populace through a hodge-podge of symbology and typefaces (fonts). In 1970, the FIP was created to standardize a corporate identity for the Canadian government.
The Federal Identity Program covers approximately 160 institutions and over 20,000 facilities across Canada and worldwide. Among the applications are stationery, forms, vehicular markings, signage, advertising, published material, electronic communications, audio-visual productions, expositions, personnel identification, awards, plaques, packaging, buildings, labelling, and identification of equipment.
There are three basic components of the Federal Identity Program: the Canada wordmark and two corporate signature types with national symbols and bilingual titles, all of which are rendered consistently.
Official and signage colours, including the national colours of Canada, are specified in technical specification T-145 as hexadecimal triplets, RGB values, CMYK colors, and Pantone Color Matching System..
Canada wordmark 
The Canada wordmark is mandatory on virtually all of the applications mentioned above. Established in 1980, the Canada wordmark is essentially a logo for the government of Canada: it consists of the word "Canada" written in a serif font, a modified version of Baskerville, with a Canadian flag over the final 'a'. In a 1999 study commissioned by the federal government, 77% of respondents remembered seeing the Canada wordmark at some point in the past. Television viewers may be familiar with the logo from seeing it in the credits of Canadian television programs, where it is used to indicate government funding or tax credits.
Corporate signatures 
There exist two basic types of FIP corporate signatures, each having a bilingual title and one of two symbols. The title is rendered in one of three typefaces of the sans serif Helvetica family, selected for its simplicity and modernity.
- One signature variant, with the national flag symbol, is used to identify all departments, agencies, corporations, commissions, boards, councils, and any other federal body and activity. In such signatures, the flag typically appears to the left of a bilingual title. When the FIP was first implemented, a similar signature without the pale on the flag's 'fly' (right) was used until 1987.
- The other variant, with the Coat of Arms of Canada, is used to identify ministers and their offices, parliamentary secretaries, institutions whose heads report directly to Parliament, and institutions with quasi-judicial functions. When applied within the context of the FIP, the coat of arms is often flanked on each side by an official's or department's bilingual title. Use of the coat of arms, instead of the flag signature, requires authorization by the Governor General as advised by the appropriate minister with agreement of the President of the Treasury Board.
Exemptions to the Federal Identity Program 
Certain federal entities were listed as exempt from FIP in the 1990 FIP Policy:
- Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
- Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
- Bank of Canada
- Canada Council
- Canada Development Investment Corporation
- Canada Labour Relations Board
- Canada Lands Company Limited
- Canada Lands Company (Le Vieux-Port de Montréal) Limited
- Canada Lands Company (Vieux-Port de Québec) Inc.
- Canada Lands Company (Mirabel) Limited
- Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
- Canada Ports Corporation
- Canada Post Corporation
- Canadian Forces
- Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
- Canadian Centre for Management Development
- Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
- Canadian Commercial Corporation
- Canadian General Standards Board
- Canadian Human Rights Commission
- Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat
- Canadian National Railway Company
- Canadian Patents and Development Limited
- Canadian Saltfish Corporation
- Canadian Wheat Board
- CORCAN (industrial work program of Correctional Service Canada)
- Economic Council of Canada
- Enterprise Cape Breton Corporation
- Export Development Corporation
- Federal Business Development Bank
- Freshwater Fish Marketing Corporation
- Halifax Port Corporation
- Harbourfront Corporation
- House of Commons
- International Centre for Ocean Development
- Judicial branch
- Language Training Canada (component of the Public Service Commission of Canada)
- Marine Atlantic Inc.
- Montreal Port Corporation
- National Arts Centre Corporation
- National Capital Commission
- National Film Board
- National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy
- Office of the Secretary to the Governor General
- Port of Quebec Corporation
- Prince Rupert Port Corporation
- Public Service Staff Relations Board
- Royal Canadian Mint
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
- Saint John Port Corporation
- Science Council of Canada
- Senate of Canada
- Standards Council of Canada
- St. John's Port Corporation
- St. Lawrence Seaway Authority
- Vancouver Port Corporation
- VIA Rail Canada Inc.
- "Colour Values". Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Canada Wordmark Study
- Institutions not subject to the Federal Identity Program, 1990 Policy Reference