Federal Medical Center, Lexington
|Location||Fayette County, Kentucky|
|Security class||Administrative facility (with minimum-security prison camp)|
|Population||1,950 (330 in prison camp)|
|Opened||1935 (designated as federal prison in 1974)|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
The Federal Medical Center, Lexington (FMC Lexington) is a United States federal prison in Kentucky for male inmates requiring medical or mental health care. It is designated as an administrative facility, which means that it holds inmates of all security classifications. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. The facility also has an adjacent minimum-security satellite camp for female inmates.
The site opened on May 15, 1935 on 1,000 acres (400 ha) under the name "United States Narcotic Farm" then changed shortly after to "U.S. Public Health Service Hospital". In 1967 it changed its name again to "National Institute of Mental Health, Clinical Research Center". Its original purpose was to treat people that "voluntarily" were admitted with drug abuse problems and treat them, with mostly experimental treatments; it was the first of its kind in the United States. The 1,050-acre (420 ha) site included a farm where patients would work.
Throughout the life of the institution as a prison/hospital, approximately two-thirds of those sent to the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital were considered volunteers. While many traveled to the institution on their own to volunteer for treatment, other so-called volunteers were in fact motivated to go there in lieu of federal sentencing. The remaining one-third of the prison's population - which at its peak capacity as a prison/hospital housed 1,499 men and women - were there due to federal charges either directly or indirectly related to drug use.
In 1974, the institution became a federal prison but maintained a "psychiatric hospital" title until 1998, the year 2 inmates killed another with a fire extinguisher. Most psychiatric patients were subsequently moved to other federal medical centers, although the change in mission was due to the psychiatric function being transferred to a new Federal Medical Center in Devens, Massachusetts, and not the homicide.
- In Nelson Algren's novel The Man With the Golden Arm and the 1955 screen adaptation, the main character Frankie the Machine, a morphine addict, returns to his Chicago neighborhood after being detoxed at the Lexington Medical Center.
- In William S. Burroughs' book Junkie, the autobiographical main character spends a period of time at "Lexington," where he checks himself in voluntarily in order to quit his heroin addiction. Burroughs himself was a patient at the facility.
- In Alexander King's book Mine Enemy Grows Older, King recounts his sojourns at "Lexington Bluegrass Hospital," where he "heard the best jazz ever played anywhere" by a continually changing lineup of famous jazz musicians, all there voluntarily for treatment for heroin addiction.
Notable inmates (current and former)
† Inmates released from custody prior to 1982 are not listed on the Federal Bureau of Prisons website.
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Susan Rosenberg||03684-016||Released in 2001 after her sentence was commuted by President Bill Clinton; served 16 years of a 58-year sentence.||Political activist and former member of the May 19th Communist Organization, a terrorist group which carried out bombings of government facilities and bank robberies in the 1980s; convicted of possessing explosives in 1984.|
|Silvia Baraldini||05125-054||Transferred to an Italian prison in 1999 while serving a 40-year sentence.||Political activist from Italy; convicted of racketeering in 1982 for taking part in two armored truck robberies, as well as for aiding convicted murdered Assata Shakur escape from prison.|
|Wayne Kramer||Unlisted†||Held at FMC Lexington in the 1970s; served 2 years.||Guitarist and co-founder of the Detroit rock band MC5; convicted of selling cocaine to undercover police officers.|
|Red Rodney||Unlisted†||Held at FMC Lexington in the 1970s; served 27 months.||Bop and hard bop trumpeter; convicted of fraud and theft for impersonating an Army officer in order to steal $10,000 from the Atomic Energy Commission of San Francisco.|
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Riccardo Tolliver||07999-032||Serving a 32-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2033.||Leader of an international firearms trafficking ring which acquired and smuggled firearms from the United States into Canada in exchange for Canadian drugs; pleaded guilty in 2009 to weapons and narcotics charges.|
|Kinde Durkee||57860-112||Serving an 8-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2020.||Former campaign treasurer for 400 Democratic candidates, including US Senator Dianne Feinstein; pleaded guilty to mail fraud for siphoning $7 million in campaign funds and using the money to subsidize her private business.|
|Mark Williams||66101-066||Serving a 16-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2025.||Former Philadelphia Police officer; convicted in 2011 of drug trafficking conspiracy and Hobbs Act violations for masterminding the robbery of heroin and money from a drug dealer, and attempting to sell the heroin and launder the money.|
|Apollo Nida||65725-019||Serving a 8-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2022.||Former Real Housewives of Atlanta star; convicted in 2014 of mail fraud, conspiracy and various other financial crimes, Nida is due to report to prison September 10, 2014. Previously convicted of car theft and RICO offenses and served six years in Georgia Prison.|
- List of U.S. federal prisons
- Federal Bureau of Prisons
- Incarceration in the United States
- Abraham Wikler, an associate director of the center, known for his conditioning-based theory of addiction
- Marie Nyswander, an employee of the center who later became known for her research on methadone treatment of heroin addicts
- Thomas R. Kosten and David A. Gorelick (January 2002). "The Lexington Narcotic Farm" (PDF). American Journal of Psychiatry 159 (22): 22–22. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.1.22. PMID 11772684.
- Joe Spillane, "Lessons from the Narcot Farm, Part One," Points: The Blog of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society, February 29, 2012, http://pointsadhsblog.wordpress.com/2012/02/29/lessons-of-narco-part-one/, and "Lessons of the Narcot Farm, Part Four: The Literature of Lexington", May 14, 2012, http://pointsadhsblog.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/lessons-of-the-narcotic-farm-part-four-the-literature-of-lexington/, both retrieved 12-18-2014.
- "Ex-Inmate Musician Returns To Jail With Guitars". Huffington Post. March 4, 2012.
- "LEADER OF INTERNATIONAL FIREARMS TRAFFICKING NETWORK SENTENCED TO 32 YEARS IN PRISON". US Department of Justice. April 24, 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Treasurer Who Defrauded Feinstein, Others, Sentenced". Huffington Post. November 28, 2012.