Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy

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Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
BMWI Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 23 October 1917 as the Reichswirtschaftsamt
Jurisdiction Government of Germany
Headquarters Berlin
Employees 1,500
Minister responsible Sigmar Gabriel, Federal Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy
Website http://www.bmwi.de/

The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (German: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie), abbreviated BMWi, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. It was previously known as the "Ministry of Economy". It was recreated in 2005 as "Ministry of Economics and Technology" after it had previously been merged with other ministries to form the Federal Ministry for Economy and Labour between 2002 and 2005.

History[edit]

The historical predecessor of the current Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy was the Reichswirtschaftsamt (Reich Economic Office), founded in 1917. In 1919, this became the Reichswirtschaftsministerium (Reich Ministry of Economy), which existed until 1945.

In postwar occupied Germany, its functions were exercised by the Administrative Office of Economy (German: Verwaltungsamt für Wirtschaft) between 1946 to 1949. After the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Federal Ministry of Economics (German: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft) existed from 1949 to 1998. From May 1971 to December 1972, it was temporarily merged with the Federal Ministry of Finance, in the Federal Ministry of Economics and Finance. In 1998 the technology section of the Ministry of Research was added, making it the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. Between 2002 and 2005, it was merged with parts of the former Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, in Federal Ministry for Economics and Labour. In the cabinet under Angela Merkel, the two parts were once again split up in 2005, so that there was, once again, a Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.

Structure[edit]

The Ministry is organised into 8 departments and one central department.

  • Central department – Z
  • Europe – E
  • Economy – I
  • Middle class – II
  • Energy – III
  • Industry – IV
  • Foreign economic policy – V
  • Communication and post – VI
  • Technology - VII

The ministry is headquartered in Berlin.

Ministers and Secretaries of State[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       CDU       CSU       SPD       FDP       No party

Name
(Born-Died)
Party Term of Office Chancellor
(Cabinet)
Federal Minister for Economics
Ludwig Erhard
(1897–1977)
CDU 20 September 1949 16 October 1963 Adenauer
(I • II • III • IV • V)
Kurt Schmücker
(1919–1996)
CDU 17 October 1963 30 November 1966 Erhard
(I • II)
Karl Schiller
(1911–1994)
SPD 1 December 1966 7 July 1972 Kiesinger (I)
Brandt (I)
Helmut Schmidt
(b. 1918)
SPD 7 July 1972 15 December 1972 Brandt (I)
Hans Friderichs
(b. 1931)
FDP 15 December 1972 7 October 1977 Brandt (II)
Schmidt (I • II)
Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
FDP 7 October 1977 17 September 1982 Schmidt
(II • III)
Manfred Lahnstein
(b. 1937)
SPD 17 September 1982 1 October 1982 Schmidt
(III)
Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
FDP 4 October 1982 27 June 1984 Kohl
(III)
Martin Bangemann
(b. 1934)
FDP 27 June 1984 9 December 1988 Kohl
(IIIII)
Helmut Haussmann
(b. 1943)
FDP 9 December 1988 18 January 1991 Kohl
(III)
Jürgen Möllemann
(1945–2003)
FDP 18 January 1991 21 January 1993 Kohl
(IV)
Günter Rexrodt
(1941–2004)
FDP 21 January 1993 26 October 1998 Kohl
(IVV)
Federal Minister for Economics and Technology
Werner Müller
(b. 1946)
No party 27 October 1998 22 October 2002 Schröder
(I)
Federal Minister for Economics and Labour
Wolfgang Clement
(b. 1940)
SPD 22 October 2002 22 November 2005 Schröder
(II)
Federal Minister for Economics and Technology
Michael Glos
(b. 1944)
CSU 22 November 2005 10 February 2009 Merkel
(I)
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
(b. 1971)
CSU 10 February 2009 28 October 2009
Rainer Brüderle
(b. 1945)
FDP 28 October 2009 12 May 2011 Merkel
(II)
Philipp Rösler
(b. 1973)
FDP 12 May 2011 17 December 2013
Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy
Sigmar Gabriel
(b. 1958)
SPD 17 December 2013 Incumbent Merkel
(III)

Secretaries[edit]

Ministry for Economy (1949–1998)[edit]

Parliamentary Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State

Ministry for Economics and Technology (1998–2002)[edit]

Parliamentary Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State

Ministry for Economics and Labour (2002–2005)[edit]

Parliamentary Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State

Ministry for Economics and Technology (since 2005)[edit]

Parliamentary Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State