Federal Ministry of the Interior (Germany)

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Federal Ministry of the Interior
Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI)
DEgov-BMI-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1 January 1879 as the Reichsamt des Inneren
Jurisdiction Government of Germany
Headquarters Alt-Moabit 101D
10559 Berlin
52°31′26″N 13°20′50″E / 52.52389°N 13.34722°E / 52.52389; 13.34722Coordinates: 52°31′26″N 13°20′50″E / 52.52389°N 13.34722°E / 52.52389; 13.34722
Employees 1,500
Minister responsible Thomas de Maizière, Federal Minister of the Interior
Agency executive Ole Schröder, Parliamentary State Secretary
Website http://www.bmi.bund.de
BMI in Berlin
BMI in Bonn

The Federal Ministry of the Interior (German: Bundesministerium des Innern), abbreviated BMI, is cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its main office is in Berlin, with a secondary seat in Bonn. The current minister of the interior is Thomas de Maizière.

Responsibilities[edit]

The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for internal security and the protection of the constitutional order, for civil protection against disasters and terrorism, for displaced persons, administrative questions, and sports. It is host to the Standing Committee of Interior Ministers and also drafts all passport, identity card, firearms, and explosives legislation. The ministry also houses the Joint Anti-Terrorism Center formed in 2004 which is an information-sharing and analytical forum for all German police and intelligence agencies involved in the fight against terrorism.

Organization[edit]

State Secretaries[edit]

The minister is supported by two parliamentary state secretaries and two state secretaries who manage the ministry's various departments. One of the latter manages "P", "B", "IS" and "M" departments plus the crisis management cell and the working group on counter-intelligence development. The other supervises "Z", "G", "D", "O", "SP" and "V" departments plus the information technology director, data protection and freedom of information office and the doping task force.

Departments[edit]

  • "P" Department (Abteilung P) is the ministry’s police department and has two branches: law enforcement and counter-terrorism. It analyses crime control issues and develops concepts and drafts laws to improve law enforcement and crime prevention efforts. It also manages the Federal Criminal Police Office, coordinates police support group deployments and represents federal interests in the sport and security arena. Due to Germany's federal structure, it can only promote internal security and public safety by cooperating with the state police forces and with agencies within the European Union (EU) and beyond.
  • "IS" Department (Abteilung IS) is the internal security department that protects the German state against political extremism. It exercises supervisory control over the Federal Office for Constitution Protection, studies extremist groups and can ban them as a final resort. In addition, the department is responsible for the security of classified information and prevention of sabotage and espionage. It also manages civil defense and emergency management efforts at the national level and exercises supervisory control over the Civil Protection Center and Federal Agency for Technical Relief.
  • "Z" Department (Abteilung Z) is the central office.
  • "G" Department (Abteilung G) is responsible for policy, Europe and international developments
  • "D" Department (Abteilung D) is responsible for the civil service.
  • "O" Department (Abteilung O) is responsible for administrative modernisation and organisation.
  • "SP" Department (Abteilung SP) is responsible for sport.
  • "V" Department (Abteilung V) is responsible for constitutional, state, administrative and European law.

Special agencies[edit]

Name Abbrev. Translation
BAA Federal Equalization of Burdens Office
BAMF Federal Office for Migration and Refugees
BAköV Federal Academy of Public Administration
BeschA Procurement Agency of the Federal Ministry of the Interior
BfDI Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information
BfV Federal Agency for the Protection of the Constitution
BPOL Federal Police
BiB Federal Institute for Population Research
BISp Federal Institute of Sport Science
BKA Federal Criminal Police Office
BKG Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy
BpB Federal Agency for Civic Education
BSI Federal Office for Information Security
BVA Federal Office of Administration
BBK Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance
SchK Scientific Advisory Board on Civil Defense and Disaster Protection
FH Bund Federal Public Administration College
KBSt
destatis StBA Federal Statistical Office
THW Federal Agency for Technical Relief
UKPV Independent Commission for the Review of Assets of Parties and Mass Organisation of the GDR
VBI
BDBOS Federal Agency for Emergency Service Digital Radio

List of Federal Ministers of the Interior (since 1949)[edit]

Political Party:       CDU       CSU       FDP       SPD

Name
(Born-Died)
Party Term of Office Chancellor
(Cabinet)
Gustav Heinemann
(1899–1976)
CDU 20 September 1949 11 October 1950 Adenauer
(I)
Robert Lehr
(1883–1956)
CDU 11 October 1950 20 October 1953
Gerhard Schröder
(1910–1989)
CDU 20 October 1953 13 November 1961 Adenauer
(II • III)
Hermann Höcherl
(1912–1989)
CSU 14 November 1961 25 October 1965 Adenauer (IV • V)
Erhard (I)
Paul Lücke
(1914–1976)
CDU 26 October 1965 2 April 1968 Erhard (II)
Kiesinger (I)
Ernst Benda
(1925–2009)
CDU 2 April 1968 21 October 1969 Kiesinger
(I)
Hans-Dietrich Genscher
(b. 1927)
FDP 22 October 1969 16 May 1974 Brandt
(III)
Werner Maihofer
(1918–2009)
FDP 16 May 1974 8 June 1978 Schmidt
(I • II)
Gerhart Baum
(b. 1932)
FDP 8 June 1978 17 September 1982 Schmidt
(II • III)
Jürgen Schmude
(b. 1936)
SPD 17 September 1982 1 October 1982 Schmidt
(III)
Friedrich Zimmermann
(1925–2012)
CSU 4 October 1982 21 April 1989 Kohl
(IIIIII)
Wolfgang Schäuble
(b. 1942)
CDU 21 April 1989 26 November 1991 Kohl
(IIIIV)
Rudolf Seiters
(b. 1937)
CDU 26 November 1991 7 July 1993 Kohl
(IV)
Manfred Kanther
(b. 1939)
CDU 7 July 1993 27 October 1998 Kohl
(IVV)
Otto Schily
(b. 1932)
SPD 27 October 1998 22 November 2005 Schröder
(III)
Wolfgang Schäuble
(b. 1942)
CDU 22 November 2005 28 October 2009 Merkel
(I)
Thomas de Maizière
(b. 1954)
CDU 28 October 2009 3 March 2011 Merkel
(II)
Hans-Peter Friedrich
(b. 1957)
CSU 3 March 2011 17 December 2013
Thomas de Maizière
(b. 1954)
CDU 17 December 2013 Incumbent Merkel
(III)


External links[edit]