Federal Ministry of the Interior (Germany)
|Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI)|
|Formed||1 January 1879 as the Reichsamt des Inneren|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Germany|
|Minister responsible||Thomas de Maizière, Federal Minister of the Interior|
|Agency executive||Ole Schröder, Parliamentary State Secretary|
The Federal Ministry of the Interior (German: Bundesministerium des Innern), abbreviated BMI, is cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its main office is in Berlin, with a secondary seat in Bonn. The current minister of the interior is Thomas de Maizière.
The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for internal security and the protection of the constitutional order, for civil protection against disasters and terrorism, for displaced persons, administrative questions, and sports. It is host to the Standing Committee of Interior Ministers and also drafts all passport, identity card, firearms, and explosives legislation. The ministry also houses the Joint Anti-Terrorism Center formed in 2004 which is an information-sharing and analytical forum for all German police and intelligence agencies involved in the fight against terrorism.
The minister is supported by two parliamentary state secretaries and two state secretaries who manage the ministry's various departments. One of the latter manages "P", "B", "IS" and "M" departments plus the crisis management cell and the working group on counter-intelligence development. The other supervises "Z", "G", "D", "O", "SP" and "V" departments plus the information technology director, data protection and freedom of information office and the doping task force.
- "P" Department (Abteilung P) is the ministry’s police department and has two branches: law enforcement and counter-terrorism. It analyses crime control issues and develops concepts and drafts laws to improve law enforcement and crime prevention efforts. It also manages the Federal Criminal Police Office, coordinates police support group deployments and represents federal interests in the sport and security arena. Due to Germany's federal structure, it can only promote internal security and public safety by cooperating with the state police forces and with agencies within the European Union (EU) and beyond.
- "IS" Department (Abteilung IS) is the internal security department that protects the German state against political extremism. It exercises supervisory control over the Federal Office for Constitution Protection, studies extremist groups and can ban them as a final resort. In addition, the department is responsible for the security of classified information and prevention of sabotage and espionage. It also manages civil defense and emergency management efforts at the national level and exercises supervisory control over the Civil Protection Center and Federal Agency for Technical Relief.
- "B" Department (Abteilung B) supervises and manages German Federal Police operations.
- "M" Department (Abteilung M) is responsible for immigration, integration, refugees and European harmonisation.
- "Z" Department (Abteilung Z) is the central office.
- "G" Department (Abteilung G) is responsible for policy, Europe and international developments
- "D" Department (Abteilung D) is responsible for the civil service.
- "O" Department (Abteilung O) is responsible for administrative modernisation and organisation.
- "SP" Department (Abteilung SP) is responsible for sport.
- "V" Department (Abteilung V) is responsible for constitutional, state, administrative and European law.
|BAA||Federal Equalization of Burdens Office|
|BAMF||Federal Office for Migration and Refugees|
|BAköV||Federal Academy of Public Administration|
|BeschA||Procurement Agency of the Federal Ministry of the Interior|
|BfDI||Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information|
|BfV||Federal Agency for the Protection of the Constitution|
|BiB||Federal Institute for Population Research|
|BISp||Federal Institute of Sport Science|
|BKA||Federal Criminal Police Office|
|BKG||Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy|
|BpB||Federal Agency for Civic Education|
|BSI||Federal Office for Information Security|
|BVA||Federal Office of Administration|
|BBK||Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance|
|SchK||Scientific Advisory Board on Civil Defense and Disaster Protection|
|FH Bund||Federal Public Administration College|
|destatis||StBA||Federal Statistical Office|
|THW||Federal Agency for Technical Relief|
|UKPV||Independent Commission for the Review of Assets of Parties and Mass Organisation of the GDR|
|BDBOS||Federal Agency for Emergency Service Digital Radio|
List of Federal Ministers of the Interior (since 1949)
|Party||Term of Office||Chancellor
|CDU||20 September 1949||11 October 1950||Adenauer
|CDU||11 October 1950||20 October 1953|
|CDU||20 October 1953||13 November 1961||Adenauer
(II • III)
|CSU||14 November 1961||25 October 1965||Adenauer (IV • V)
|CDU||26 October 1965||2 April 1968||Erhard (II)
|CDU||2 April 1968||21 October 1969||Kiesinger
|FDP||22 October 1969||16 May 1974||Brandt
(I • II)
|FDP||16 May 1974||8 June 1978||Schmidt
(I • II)
|FDP||8 June 1978||17 September 1982||Schmidt
(II • III)
|SPD||17 September 1982||1 October 1982||Schmidt
|CSU||4 October 1982||21 April 1989||Kohl
(I • II • III)
|CDU||21 April 1989||26 November 1991||Kohl
(III • IV)
|CDU||26 November 1991||7 July 1993||Kohl
|CDU||7 July 1993||27 October 1998||Kohl
(IV • V)
|SPD||27 October 1998||22 November 2005||Schröder
(I • II)
|CDU||22 November 2005||28 October 2009||Merkel
|Thomas de Maizière
|CDU||28 October 2009||3 March 2011||Merkel
|CSU||3 March 2011||17 December 2013|
|Thomas de Maizière
|CDU||17 December 2013||Incumbent||Merkel