Federal Penitentiary Service
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|Federal Penitentiary Service|
|Flag of the Federal Penitentiary Service.|
|Formed||1960 / 2004|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Headquarters||Zhitnaya 14, Moscow|
|Agency executive||Gennady Kornienko, Director|
|Parent agency||Russian Ministry of Justice|
Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN of Russia, in Russian: Федеральная служба исполнения наказаний, ФСИН России "Russian Federal Service for Punishment Execution") - is the official name of the Russian federal prison authority responsible for security and maintenance of prisons in Russia. The organization was founded in 2004 as the successor to the Main Directorate of the Penitentiary (Главное управление исполнения наказаний, ГУИН) of the MVD, which has been transferred to the Ministry of Justice.
The first body that was dealing with maintenance and security of detention and prison facilities in Russian Empire was the Main Prison Administration of the Russian Interior Ministry which was first established on February 27, 1879.
On December 13, 1895 the Department was part of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire, and in April 1917 the prison system become to the Main Administration Penalties Sites (GUMZ). On 25 December 1917, the Prisons Administration was organized and in January 1918 became to the prisons directorate.
In April 7, 1930 the Gulag was established, which existed until 1958.
In 1960, the Main Administration for Execution of Punishments(GUIN) was born under the Soviet Interior Ministry.
In 2006 the organization became the Federal Service for Executions of Punishments and was placed under the Russian Ministry of Justice.
The main tasks of the FSIN are:
- the execution, in accordance with Russian legislation penal, detention of persons suspected or accused of committing crimes, and defendants;
- control the behavior of probationers and prisoners, which the court granted a deferment sentence;
- ensuring the protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of convicts and persons in custody;
- ensuring law and order in the institutions, enforcing criminal penalties of imprisonment (hereinafter - institutions executing punishment), and in detention centers, security contained in them convicts, persons in custody, as well as employees of the correctional system, officials and citizens in the territories of these institutions and detention facilities;
- protecting and escorting prisoners and persons detained on the specified routes escort, convoy of Russian citizens and stateless persons on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign citizens and stateless persons in the case of their extradition;
- a prisoners and detainees in detention, detention conditions, in accordance with international law, provisions of international treaties and federal laws;
- The organization of the activities to provide assistance to convicted in social adaptation;
- management of the territorial bodies of the FSIN directly subordinate agencies.
- The FSIN Diggers use the Metro-2, when they need to Transfer high-risk prisoners.
The FSIN is headed by the Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service, who appointed and dismissed by the President of Russia on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
The Director is authorized to have six deputies, including one first deputy. Deputies director are appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russia.
- Yuri Kalinin (2004-2009)
- In 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev appointed Alexander Reimer to head the federal prison system and he was the first citizen who never served before in the arms of the Russian prison, and to be a Director of the Russian prisons systems.
- In June 2012, Alexander Reimer was resigned from office by President Vladimir Putin, and was replaced with Gennady Korienko.
Rate of Russian prisoners population
Until 2000, Russia was in first place in the world in the number of prisoners per 1,000 population. However, currently the first place belongs to the United States, and Russia after China is in the third place.
Currently in Russia's prisons system is about 1.5 million prisoners.
Chief Rabbi of the federal prison system
In 2007, in the first time since 1917 was established the Military Rabbinate of Russia, Rabbi Aharon Gurevich was appointed to the chief military Rabbi, Rabbi Gurevich has served as the chief rabbi of the Russian Federal Prison system and Security forces.
- Federal Bureau of Prisons - The American counterpart
- Aharon Gurevich
- Saturn (detachment) - Moscow FSIN department Special purpose unit "Saturn"
- Lgov Prison
- Official website (Russian)
- The official news FSIN (Russian)
- Official Community VKontakte (Russian)
- Unofficial website of workers of The Russian Federal Penitentiary Service (Russian)