Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

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Federal Reserve System, U.S. 9th District, seen from Hennepin Avenue
Part of the Fed complex seen from under the Hennepin Avenue Bridge, from Nicollet Island, across the Mississippi River
Part of the Fed complex seen from the Hennepin Avenue Bridge
Map of the Ninth District

The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in the United States, covers the 9th District of the Federal Reserve, including Minnesota, Montana, North and South Dakota, northwestern Wisconsin, and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Although its geographical territory is the third largest in the Federal Reserve system, it serves a population base of only 8,349,261 (2000 census), the smallest in the system. It has one branch in Helena, Montana. Narayana Kocherlakota became president and chief executive officer on Oct. 8, 2009 (Gary H. Stern was the previous president). The Minneapolis Fed has strong ties to the economics department at the University of Minnesota. Nobel laureate economist Edward Prescott was affiliated with both institutions for a long time. The Bank publishes The Region, a magazine featuring articles about economic policy and interviews with famous economists.

Current Board of Directors[edit]

The following people are on the board of directors as of 2013:[1]

Class A (elected by member banks to represent member banks)[edit]

Class A
Name Title Term Expires
Julie Causey Chairman
Western Bank
St. Paul, Minnesota
2013
Kenneth A. Palmer Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer
Range Financial Corporation & Range Bank, NA
Negaunee, Michigan
2014
Randy L. Newman Chairman and CEO
Alerus Financial, NA and Alerus Financial Corp.
Grand Forks, North Dakota
2015

Class B (elected by member banks to represent the public)[edit]

Class B
Name Title Term Expires
Lawrence R. Simkins Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
The Washington Companies
Missoula, Montana
2013
Howard A. Dahl President and Chief Executive Officer
Amity Technology, LLC
Fargo, North Dakota
2014
Christine Hamilton Managing Partner
Christiansen Land and Cattle, Ltd.
Kimball, South Dakota
2015

Class C (appointed by the Board of Governors to represent the public)[edit]

Class C
Name Title Term Expires
Mary K. Brainerd

(Chair)

President and Chief Executive Officer
HealthPartners
Minneapolis, Minnesota
2013
MayKao Y. Hang President and Chief Executive Officer
Amherst H. Wilder Foundation
St Paul, Minnesota
2014
Randall J. Hogan

(Deputy Chair)

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Pentair, Inc.
Minneapolis, Minnesota
2015

Bank buildings[edit]

Several sculptures on the Federal Reserve grounds depict growth along the river front area of Minneapolis

Three buildings have served as headquarters for the district, all within a few blocks of each other.

1915-1973[edit]

Today renovated past recognition, 510 Marquette was the first headquarters of the bank

The first was designed by Cass Gilbert and completed in 1915. It was unusual in that there were no windows on the lower walls close to the street—from the start, large bricks filled in the spaces where windows would be expected. Only up at the top was anyone able to look out from the building. The structure only became more strange in the 1950s, when a small skyscraper 8 stories tall was added on top. The modern superstructure clashed with the granite Roman columns on the building's façade. After the Fed moved to its second building in 1973, the new owner, a partnership of New York developers, Peter V. Tishman and Jay Marc Schwamm, had the lower portion covered with something that was a better match to the skyscraper "hat" on top. The 3-foot-thick (0.91 m), windowless, lower floors were stripped of the granite and replaced with a "bird cage" limestone facade (designed by Minneapolis architect Robert Cerny) and a totally artificially sustained natural 3,000-square-foot (280 m2) garden of ficus trees and pools of water (designed by landscape architectural firm of Lawrence Halprin of San Francisco). At the time it was the largest totally artificially sustained garden within an office building in the United States- modeled after the Ford Foundation Building in New York City, which has a larger garden, but also one that relies to some extent on outside natural light. There was also the need to remove the interior, independently supported five story vault so that the building could be connected to the adjacent F&M Bank Building, and also become part of the second floor, Minneapolis "skyway" system. After a three year development the owners persuaded the National City Bank of Minneapolis (now part of M&I Bank)to move to the building and become the principal tenant, the building became known as "The National City Bank Building" until the bank moved out some years later. On completion of the renovation, the building received the Minneapolis CUE (Committee on the Urban Environment) award for having done the most for the urban environment of Minneapolis. The building still exists as 510 Marquette at the corner of Marquette Avenue and 5th Street South in Minneapolis, right next to the Nicollet Mall station of the METRO Blue and Green light rail lines.

1973-1997[edit]

Former Minneapolis Federal Reserve, now Marquette Plaza

The Federal Reserve moved two blocks away on Marquette Avenue to a building now known as Marquette Plaza, which is constructed much like a suspension bridge with cables strung between pillars at the ends carrying the load. It is noted as the first (and perhaps only) building ever made to use catenary support. Design problems, along with asbestos contamination, led the Federal Reserve to decide to move into a new complex and sell the old structure. The new owner rehabilitated the building and added on, and the building temporarily housed the central Minneapolis Public Library while its new building was under construction. The building was designed to accommodate another cable to complete the circle which was never built.

1997-present time[edit]

Part of the entrance on First Street and Hennepin Avenue

Designed by architecture firm HOK, a complex along the Mississippi River now serves as home to the Minneapolis Fed, which moved there in 1997. The address was set as 90 Hennepin Avenue to match the 9th district designation. It is located on the site of the former Minneapolis Great Northern Depot adjacent to the Hennepin Avenue Bridge and the Pacific sawmill once owned by T. B. Walker and George A. Camp.[2][3]

Court Cases[edit]

Branches[edit]

The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Helena Branch is the only branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Board of Directors". The Federal Reserve Bank. Dec 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ Anfinson, Scott F. (1990). "Archaeology of the Central Minneapolis Riverfront". The Minnesota Archaeologist (The Minnesota Archaeological Society) 49 (1-2). Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  3. ^ Peterson, David B. (processor). "Biographies of the Walker Family in T. B. Walker and Family Papers". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°59′04″N 93°16′03″W / 44.98445°N 93.26738°W / 44.98445; -93.26738