Federal districts of Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the grouping of regions by a Presidential Decree. For the federal constituent units, see federal subjects of Russia.

The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not provisioned by the Constitution of Russia and are not the constituent units of the country, but exist purely for the convenience of operation and governing by federal government agencies. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy titled a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District.

The federal districts and positions of Plenipotentiary Representatives were originally created in 2000 by Presidential Decree "to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers".[1] Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.

List of federal districts[edit]

Map of Russian districts, 2014.png
Name of district Establishment
date
Area
(km²)
Population
(2010 Russian Census)
Federal
subjects
Administrative
center
Presidential
plenipotentiary envoys
Continent
Central Federal District May 18, 2000 652,800 38,438,600 18 Moscow Alexander Beglov Europe
Southern Federal District May 18, 2000 418,500 13,856,700 6 Rostov-on-Don Vladimir Ustinov Europe
Northwestern Federal District May 18, 2000 1,677,900 13,583,800 11 Saint Petersburg Vladimir Bulavin Europe
Far Eastern Federal District May 18, 2000 6,215,900 6,291,900 9 Khabarovsk Yury Trutnev Asia
Siberian Federal District May 18, 2000 5,114,800 19,254,300 12 Novosibirsk Nikolay Rogozhkin Asia
Ural Federal District May 18, 2000 1,788,900 12,082,700 6 Yekaterinburg Igor Kholmanskikh Europe and Asia
Volga Federal District May 18, 2000 1,038,000 29,900,400 14 Nizhny Novgorod Mikhail Babich Europe
North Caucasian Federal District January 19, 2010 170,700 9,496,800 7 Pyatigorsk Sergey Melikov Europe
Crimean Federal District[2][3] March 21, 2014 27,000 2,352,385[a] 2 Simferopol Oleg Belaventsev Europe

Source:[4]

a. ^ Population figures from the 2001 Ukrainian Census. Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014, after the 2010 Russian Census.

History[edit]

President Vladimir Putin established seven federal districts in May 2000.[5]

On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.[4]

On March 2014, after the Russian military intervention in and annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established.[6] The legality of this annexation is disputed by most states as well as NATO.[7]

Functions[edit]

The Plenipotentiary Representatives and their staff ascertain the extent of a subjects' violation of federal laws and norms.[citation needed]

During the segmented federalism of the Yeltsin administration of 1991-1999, subject governments had "captured" Federal agencies, particularly in the justice system.[citation needed]

The federal districts coincide closely with the Interior Ministry forces' military regions and with the Defense Ministry regions.[citation needed]

Lists of presidential plenipotentiary envoys[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ УКАЗ Президента РФ от 13.05.2000 N 849 "О ПОЛНОМОЧНОМ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ ОКРУГЕ". Graph.document.kremlin.ru (2000-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  2. ^ Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
  3. ^ Recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community
  4. ^ a b Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  5. ^ "The Russian Federation". BackGround Places. Russia Profile. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ Путин сменил полпреда Северо-Западного округа: вместо Винниченко назначен Булавин (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. March 11, 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Ульянова, Жанна; Яна Милюкова (August 31, 2013). Дальнему Востоку подобрали нового управленца (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Putin creates ministry for North Caucasus, makes new appointments". ITAR-TASS. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 

External links[edit]