Federal districts of Russia
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The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not provisioned by the Constitution of Russia and are not the constituent units of the country, but exist purely for the convenience of operation and governing by federal government agencies. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy titled a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District.
The federal districts and positions of Plenipotentiary Representatives were originally created in 2000 by Presidential Decree "to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers". Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.
List of federal districts
On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.
On March 2014, after the Russian military intervention in and annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established. The legality of this annexation is disputed by most states as well as NATO.
The Plenipotentiary Representatives and their staff ascertain the extent of a subjects' violation of federal laws and norms.
Lists of presidential plenipotentiary envoys
- Central Federal District
- Southern Federal District
- Northwestern Federal District
- Far Eastern Federal District
- Siberian Federal District
- Ural Federal District
- Volga Federal District
- North Caucasian Federal District
- Economic regions of Russia, a similar grouping of the federal subjects of Russia for economic and statistical purposes.
- Military districts of Russia, a similar grouping of federal subjects of Russia for military purposes
- УКАЗ Президента РФ от 13.05.2000 N 849 "О ПОЛНОМОЧНОМ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ ОКРУГЕ". Graph.document.kremlin.ru (2000-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
- Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
- Recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community
- Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
- "The Russian Federation". BackGround Places. Russia Profile. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014.
- "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "Путин сменил полпреда Северо-Западного округа: вместо Винниченко назначен Булавин" (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. March 11, 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Ульянова, Жанна; Яна Милюкова (August 31, 2013). "Дальнему Востоку подобрали нового управленца" (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Putin creates ministry for North Caucasus, makes new appointments". ITAR-TASS. Retrieved 13 May 2014.