Federal parliamentary republic
|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of
A federal parliamentary republic refers to a federation of states with a republican form of government that is, more or less, dependent upon the confidence of parliaments at both the national and subnational levels. It is a combination of the federal republic and the parliamentary republic.
Such republics usually possess a bicameral legislature at the federal level out of necessity, so as to allow for a set, often equal number of representatives of the subnational entities to sit in the upper house; however, the government, headed by a head of government, will be dependent upon the lower house of parliament for its stability or legitimacy.
List of federal parliamentary republics
|Federation||Style||Formerly||Subdivisions||Head of state||Head of government||Parliamentary republic adopted||Head of state elected by|
|Austria||Republic||One-party state||States of Austria||President of Austria||Chancellor of Austria||1955||Direct, by second-round system|
|Ethiopia||Federal Democratic Republic||One-party state||Regions of Ethiopia||President of Ethiopia||Prime Minister of Ethiopia||1991||Parliament, by two-thirds majority|
|Germany||Federal Republic||One-party state||States of Germany||President of Germany||Chancellor of Germany||1949||Federal assembly (Parliament and state delegates), by absolute majority|
|India||Republic||Constitutional monarchy (Commonwealth realm)||States of India||President of India||Prime Minister of India||1950||Electoral College,
Parliament and state legislators, by single transferable vote
|Iraq||Republic||One-party state||Regions of Iraq||President of Iraq||Prime Minister||2005||Parliament, by two-thirds majority|
|Nepal||Federal Democratic Republic||Constitutional monarchy||Yet to decide by the constituent assembly||President of Nepal||Prime Minister of Nepal||2008||Parliament, by two-thirds majority|
|Pakistan||Islamic Republic||Constitutional monarchy (Commonwealth realm)||Subdivisions of Pakistan||President of Pakistan||Prime Minister of Pakistan||1956||Electoral College, by two-thirds majority|