Federal prison

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Federal prisons are prisons which are operated under the jurisdiction of a federal government as opposed to state or provincial government. Federal prisons may be used for convicts who have violated a federal law (U.S., Mexico), to handle dangerous criminals (Brazil) or to handle prisoners sentenced to longer terms of imprisonment (Canada). Not all federated countries have a legal concept of "federal prison".

Australia[edit]

There are no federal prisons in Australia. The Directors of Public Prosecutions are responsible for all criminal offenders, whether the charges are state or federal. However, federal prosecution takes place in the territory of the crime committed as the federal courts have no jurisdiction. The offender, if convicted, will be sentenced to the correctional facility closest to their territory. [1]

Brazil[edit]

The Brazil federal prison system (Sistema Penitenciário Federal) was implemented in 2006 based on the provisions of the 1984 law "Lei de Execução Penal". It receives the most dangerous criminals who would be disruptive in state prisons.[2]

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the Correctional Service of Canada operates federal prisons, which house inmates with sentences of two years or more; provincial prisons are responsible for those with shorter terms.[3]

Germany[edit]

The prisons in Germany are run solely by the federal states, although governed by a federal law.

Mexico[edit]

The federal prison system in Mexico is run by the Secretariat of Public Security and receives prisoners sentenced for federal crimes.[4]

Russia[edit]

All penal establishments in the Russian Federation are governed by the Federal Penitentiary Service.[5]

United States[edit]

In the United States, federal prisons are operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons was established with the passing of the Three Prisons Act of 1891. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Overview of Australian Justice and Prison Systems". Attorney General & Justice. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Quinto presídio de segurança máxima do país será construído no DF, Brazil Ministry of Justice, 29/11/2013
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Correctional Service Canada. Retrieved December 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ Mexico: Government builds 8 maximum-security prisons, Sergio Ramos, Infosurhoy.com, 04/12/2012
  5. ^ "Federal Penitentiary Service". Government of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Bosworth, Mary (2002). The US Federal Prison System. p. 4. ISBN 0761923047.