Federal prison

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Federal prisons are prisons which are operated under the jurisdiction of a federal government as opposed to state or provincial government. Federal prisons may be used for convicts who have violated a federal law (U.S., Mexico), to handle dangerous criminals (Brazil) or to handle prisoners sentenced to longer terms of imprisonment (Canada). Not all federated countries have a legal concept of "federal prison".

Australia[edit]

There are no federal prisons in Australia. The Directors of Public Prosecutions are responsible for all criminal offenders, whether the charges are state or federal. However, federal prosecution takes place in the territory of the crime committed as the federal courts have no jurisdiction. The offender, if convicted, will be sentenced to the correctional facility closest to their territory. [1]

Brazil[edit]

The Brazil federal prison system (Sistema Penitenciário Federal) was implemented in 2006 based on the provisions of the 1984 law "Lei de Execução Penal". It receives the most dangerous criminals who would be disruptive in state prisons.[2]

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the Correctional Service of Canada operates federal prisons, which house inmates with sentences of two years or more; provincial prisons are responsible for those with shorter terms.[3]

Germany[edit]

The prisons in Germany are run solely by the federal states, although governed by a federal law.

Mexico[edit]

The federal prison system in Mexico is run by the Secretariat of Public Security and receives prisoners sentenced for federal crimes.[4]

Russia[edit]

All penal establishments in the Russian Federation are governed by the Federal Penitentiary Service.[5]

United States[edit]

In the United States, federal prisons are operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons was established with the passing of the Three Prisons Act of 1891. [6]

History[edit]

The Bureau of Prisons is responsible for the administration of the federal prison system, as well as the custody and welfare of all its inmates. The BOP was created to mandate and regulate correctional facilities. The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 increased the number of federal prisons as well as inmates. The Bureau of Prisons provides researchers with background information with statistics and factual information regarding the Federal Prison System.

Budget[edit]

This somewhat short concise article by Kevin Johnson gives us the knowledge of how Obama's 2011 budget gave them $528M dollars. Here we see how this money is supposed to be used for closing Guantanamo Bay and move terror suspects to an Illinois Prison. While also hiring hundreds of additional prison staff. Johnson always mentions that not only will the money to the things mentioned previously, but the operation of two new prison as well as renovations to a super-maximum-security system in Thomson, III. While giving the purposes of the money this article does not neglect to mention the downfalls of the money. [7]

This budget request gives us an inside view on how federal prisons planned on using the money for certain areas of their department. Here we see that the money will be used for adjustments to maintain current services and secure facilities as well as prisoner reentry. This budget proposal requests 223.9 million for prison and detention adjustments to maintain current services, while asking for another 141.2 million in program increases to ensure a confined facility as well as prisoner reentry. This request is a 4.5 percent increase from last year's request. The whole break down of the budget is displayed on this one document. [8]

Overpopulation[edit]

This article focuses on the conclusion of the increase in the number of inmates incarcerated. The conclusion varies from fiscal impact, overcrowding risks, fairness/equity concerns, as well as inefficient resource allocation. These few points give possible outcomes if the number of inmates increases as well as the cost that comes along with them. The Bureau of Federal Prisons makes predictions on how the population will continue to increase. It even gives us insight into how prison is actually expensive. The article also touches on how a prisoner’s sentence affects the population because everyone who violates a federal law serves almost ninety-percent of the sentence. With all of these problems this article even gives solutions at the end of it all. [9]

This article by Adam Dorster focuses specifically focuses on prisons in Illinois and how they are struggling with overpopulation and funding. As there correctional facilitates continue to fill up there is nothing they can do about it because they currently have no funding for expansion or even to high more staff to cover the problem. The chart explains how the prison population nearly doubled in the past eleven months. All of this happened after their governor decided to suspend any early release policy for prisoners. This over population is causing inmates to double-bunk with other roommates. There are even some cases where current population equals two hundred percent of the rated capacity. This chart clearly explains different angles of their overpopulation problem. [10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Overview of Australian Justice and Prison Systems". Attorney General & Justice. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Quinto presídio de segurança máxima do país será construído no DF, Brazil Ministry of Justice, 29/11/2013
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Correctional Service Canada. Retrieved December 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ Mexico: Government builds 8 maximum-security prisons, Sergio Ramos, Infosurhoy.com, 04/12/2012
  5. ^ "Federal Penitentiary Service". Government of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Bosworth, Mary (2002). The US Federal Prison System. p. 4. ISBN 0761923047. 
  7. ^ Johnson Kevin. "2011 Budget Gives Federal Prisons $528M." USA Today. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/washington/2010-02-03-prison-budget_N.htm
  8. ^ Department of Justice "US Department of Justice FY 2013 Budget Request" http://www.justice.gov/jmd/2013factsheets/prison-detention.pdf
  9. ^ La Vigne, Nancy. Samuels,Juile. "The Growth and Increasing Cost of the Federal Prison System: Drivers and potential Solutions" Public Welfare Foundation. http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412693-The-Growth-and-Increasing-Cost-of-the-Federal-Prison-System.pdf
  10. ^ Dorster, Adam. "Illionis' Current Priosn Situation" http://www.usprisonculture.com/blog/2010/12/04/overcrowding-in-illinois-prisons-the-collusion-of-a-corrupt-media-spineless-politicians-ignorant-citizens/