Federales is a Spanglish word used for the following two organizations:
A short term traditionally used for certain Mexican federal police agencies such as:
- the Mexican Federal Police, and any of its predecessors (the Federal Preventive Police/Policía Federal Preventiva, Federal Highway Police/Policía Federal de Caminos, and Federal Fiscal Police/Policía Fiscal Federal.
- the Federal Ministerial Police/Policía Federal Ministerial (PFM) and any of it's predecessors (the Federal Investigations Agency/Agencia Federal de Investigación and the Federal Judicial Police/Policía Judicial Federal).
The singular "Federale" is in fact incorrect, since the Spanish language uses "es" to pluralize nouns ending in a consonant; therefore, the correct singular form is "Federal" (with stress on the last syllable, unlike the English adjective), though this term is ambiguous in written English. The term is a cognate and counterpart to the slang "Feds" in the United States.
Historically, "Federales" was also the common term used for the Mexican regular or Federal Army, especially during the 34-year rule of Porfirio Díaz until 1911. In part the expression served the purpose of distinguishing centrally controlled military units from provincial militias or rural mounted police (rurales). Following Díaz's overthrow by rebel forces led by Francisco Madero, the Federal Army remained in existence. The Federales were eventually disbanded in July and August 1914, after Madero's successor Victoriano Huerta was in turn defeated by an alliance of revolutionary forces.
- P. Jowett, pages 32–41 The Mexican Revolution 1910–1920, ISBN 1-84176-989-4
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