Federalist No. 36 is an essay by Alexander Hamilton, the thirty-sixth of the Federalist Papers. It was published on January 8, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all the Federalist Papers were published. This is the last of seven essays by Hamilton on the then-controversial issue of taxation. It is titled, "The Same Subject Continued: Concerning the General Power of Taxation."
Hamilton details the government's need for a body of tax collectors knowledgeable of every district, so as to establish a value to be taxed. He claims that this will be accomplished by using the same tax collectors as the state governments do. Hamilton argues for the right of poll taxes.